Zarya - Soviet, Russian and International Spaceflight
carousel image
 
Iran


Tyneside, UK
2017 Mar 29
Wednesday, Day 88

Maintained by:









Iran in Orbit

The list covers all of Iran's satellites that have been sent towards orbit using an indigenous launching rocket.

A mid-2008 launch. claimed by Iran to have been a success, may have been a failed attempt to orbit Omid or might genuinely have been a launch vehicle final test before the actual Omid launch. The weight of evidence is towards the former so the launch probably represents Iran's first attempt at orbit.

Other than the first launch, appearances of failures in this list are based mainly on rumour so they should be treated as possible, rather than probable, events.


Failed to reach orbit
Safir 1
Semnan Launch Site, Iran
2008 Aug 17, 18:30
Omid?
Described by Iran as a dummy payload not destined for orbit but may have been the first attempt to launch Omid, a comms test satellite. Destroyed when launch vehicle reportedly exploded soon after lift-off.


2009-004
Safir 1
Semnan Launch Site, Iran
2009 Feb 2, 18:34
Omid (Hope)
2009-004A
33506
Re-entered 2009 Apr 25
Demonstration satellite reportedly including 'store and forward' payload to test up and down comms links. Success reported two days after launch. Mass 27.270 kg and powered by onboard batteries which became exhausted around Feb 20. Iran stated that it ceased to operate at the time it re-entered.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2009 Feb 2, 21:0666900.010424338290.7755.52152


2011-025
Safir 1
Semnan Launch Site, Iran
2011 Jun 15, 09:15
Rasad 1 (Observation 1)
2011-025A
37675
Re-entered 2011 Jul 6
15.3 kg microsatellite reportedly for Earth imaging with 200m resolution but imagery results not published. Equipped with gravity-gradient stabilisation boom. The launch time is an estimate ±1 minute. Indications were initially that Rasad might be launched as a dual payload with the larger, 50 kg, Fajr 1 satellite. Iran indicated testing delays with Fajr 1 so the dual launch may have been taken off the schedule.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2011 Jun 15, 19:1466450.003524429189.8555.6881


2012-005
Safir 1-B
Semnan Launch Site, Iran
2012 Feb 3, 00:04
Navid (Navid-e-Elm va Sana't)
2012-005A
38075
Re-entered 2012 Apr 1
Imaging satellite with 400m resolution. The mass is 50kg. Intended orbit announced in advance as 250 x 375 km, 55° inclination. Early reports said the design may include an onboard thruster to circularise the orbit at 375 km but this now seems unlikely. The full name means 'Promise of Science and Industry'. February 8, Navid reportedly returned its first image.Launch time is an estimate but should be within ±1 minute, re-entered naturally 2012 Apr 1 19:09 UTC ±2 min.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2012 Feb 3, 19:3467030.007427637491.0356.02133


Failed to reach orbit
Safir 1-B
Semnan Launch Site, Iran
2012 May 23
Fajr (failure?)
Science satellite to have been used for testing space systems and imaging from orbit. It was based on Iran's earlier satellite Omid but with solar cells and had a design life of eighteen months. Orbit expected to be 350 x 400 km, 55° inclination. Delayed from 2010 by technical issues. Lost in an incident involving the Safir rocket. Precise date and actual time of the launch attempt are unknown but was probably in the second half of the day. Unconfirmed by Iran - failure evidence is circumstantial.


Failed to reach orbit
Safir 1-B
Semnan Launch Site, Iran
2012 Oct 1
Fajr (failure?)
Science satellite to have been used for testing space systems and imaging from orbit. Delayed from 2010 by technical issues including a probable launch failure of the first version 2012 May. Lost in an incident involving the Safir rocket. Precise date and actual time of the launch attempt are unknown but was probably in the second half of the day. Unconfirmed by Iran - failure evidence is circumstantial.


Failed to reach orbit
Safir-1B
Semnan Launch Site, Iran
2014 Mar 20
Tadbir
Imaging satellite - improved version of the earlier Navid (2012-005A/38075). Failure was reported via Iran-based web discussion forums but is unconfirmedby Iran. Reportedly the upper stage shut down 3s early. As a result, the satellite would have re-entered (probably above the Southern Ocean). Probably aimed at 300 km, 55°-56° inclination.


2015-006
Safir 1-B
Semnan Launch Site, Iran
2015 Feb 2, 08:50
Fajr
2015-006A
40387
Re-entered 2015 Feb 26
Reportedly an electronic intelligence gathering (ELINT) satellite. Described by Iran as having an orbit adjustment thruster but there is no evidence of it being used. Project was subject to significant delays and possible launch failures - 2012 May 23 and 2012 Oct 1.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2015 Feb 2, 21:0667240.018122446891.4555.54163


Copyright © Robert Christy, all rights reserved
Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited