Zarya - Soviet, Russian and International Spaceflight
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Launches and Orbital Operations


Tyneside, UK
2021 Oct 28
Thursday, Day 301

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Orbital elements based on amateur observations

Satellite observers' discussion group

1965 - Launches to Orbit and Beyond

Listed are launches, irrespective of outcome, that were irretrievably committed to flight towards orbit or intended to accelerate the payload to escape velocity.

Launch times are in UTC and are from the launching agency or estimated by 'walking back' along the ground track to the launch site. Most orbit data and decay information comes SpaceTrack but it occasionally contains inconsistencies (eg - incorrect re-entry dates or early sets of elements allocated to the wrong object) that need to be corrected from other sources.

To fill the gaps where elements are not formally published, usually because they have a classification of "Secret", some orbits are based on amateur observations using visual and radio techniques. Such data is published near-daily by Mike McCants, and the source observations along with observers' derived orbits can often be found in the web-based Seesat-L discussion group. Occasionally, early orbit data are published by satellite owners. In extreme cases, orbits are estimated from public data.

Apogee and perigee are measured against a spherical Earth situated at the focus of the orbital ellipse and with a radius of 6378.145 km. Care should be exercised when comparing with other published orbits because they may have been derived using a different model.

Users can go straight to specific launches by pointing to the page URL followed by the three digit launch number, eg - http://www.zarya.info/Diaries/Launches/Launches.php?year=1965#001


1965-001
Vostok, 8A92
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Jan 11, 09:30
Cosmos 52 (Zenit-2 11Ф61 №26)
1965-001A
968
Re-entered - 1965 Jan 19
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance - recovered after eight days.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Jan 13, 19:3166260.007220029689.4664.9914


1965-002
Thor SLV-2A + Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Jan 15, 21:00
OPS 3928 (KH-4A 16, Corona 91)
1965-002A
972
Re-entered - 1965 Feb 9
Life 25 days Returned to Earth
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. Imges were reportedly degraded because of light reflections within the camera/lens. A capsule carrying exposed film fired a retro retro-rocket, re-entered and was recovered. Also carried an ELINT payload

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Jan 16, 16:0666820.018917743090.5974.93154


1965-003
Thor MG-18
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Jan 19, 05:03
DMSP 1 F-10 (DAPP 10/Defense Meteorological Satellite Program)
1965-003A
973
Re-entered - 1979 Jul 13
Life 5288 days
Vehicle in the US Defense Meteorological Satellite Program for collecting strategic weather and climate data.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
1965 Jan 21, 13:2770240.026346183097.6498.7626520:43


1965-F01 - failed to reach orbit
Atlas D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Jan 21, 21:34


1965-004
Thor Delta C
Cape Canaveral
1965 Jan 22, 07:52
TIROS 9
1965-004A
978
in space
Television Infrared Observation Satellite meteorological satellite for obtaining TV images of cloud patterns.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
1965 Jan 25, 10:3580210.11667082578119.1696.4117802:21


1965-005
Atlas-Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Jan 23, 20:09
OPS 4703 (KH-7 15)
1965-005A
980
Re-entered - 1965 Jan 29
Life 6 days Returned to Earth
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film was recovered.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Jan 24, 11:5065900.011613628888.74102.58138


1965-006
Cosmos, 63S1
Kapustin Yar Cosmodrome
1965 Jan 30, 09:36


1965-007
Thor Delta C
Cape Canaveral
1965 Feb 3, 16:36


1965-008
Titan IIIA
Cape Canaveral
1965 Feb 11, 15:19


1965-F02 - failed to reach orbit
Cosmos, 63S1
Kapustin Yar Cosmodrome
1965 Feb 12


1965-009
Saturn I (SA-9)
Cape Canaveral
1965 Feb 16, 14:37


1965-010
Atlas-Agena B
Cape Canaveral
1965 Feb 17, 17:05


1965-F03 - failed to reach orbit
Cosmos, 63S1
Kapustin Yar Cosmodrome
1965 Feb 20


1965-011
Cosmos-1, 65S3
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Feb 21, 11:00
Cosmos 54 (Strela-1)
1965-011A
1089
Re-entered - 1968 Sep 15
Life 1302 days
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Feb 23, 10:0173710.09972581727104.9656.03106
Cosmos 55 (Strela-1)
1965-011B
1090
Re-entered - 1968 Feb 2
Life 1076 days
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Feb 25, 04:1473850.10102611752105.2656.02110
Cosmos 56 (Strela-1)
1965-011C
1091
Re-entered - 1967 Nov 2
Life 984 days
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Feb 24, 11:5873510.09722581688104.5556.04108


1965-012
Voskhod, 11A57
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Feb 22, 07:40
Cosmos 57 (Voskhod-3KD №1)
1965-012A
1093
Re-entered - 1965 Feb 22
Life <1 day Returned to Earth
Test mission prior to the Voskhod 2 flight. Objectives - test out the EVA suit and the inflatable EVA airlock. Both test were successful but when Cosmos 57 received two radio commands simultaneously, the onboard system set in motion a train of events that led to its disintegration through ignition of the auto-destruct system. As a result, it was not possible to measure the aerodynamic effects during re-entry of the airlock attachment ring. This was subsequently undertaken by Cosmos 59, a Zenit-4 spacecraft.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit66730.019616442590.4164.7464


1965-013
Thor SLV-2A + Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Feb 25, 21:44
OPS 4782 (KH-4A 17, Corona 92)
1965-013A
1096
Re-entered - 1965 Mar 18
Life 21 days Returned to Earth
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A camera lens-cap problem reduced the anticipated number of images obtained. A capsule carrying exposed film fired a retro retro-rocket, re-entered and was recovered. Also carried an ELINT payload.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Feb 26, 01:4266540.014617837390.0275.08163


1965-014
Vostok, 8A92M
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Feb 26, 05:02
Cosmos 58 (Meteor № 2)
1965-014A
1097
Re-entered - 1990 Feb 25
Life 9130 days
Developmental meteorological imaging and data collection satellite in polar orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Feb 27, 05:0369820.006456064996.7765.02260


1965-F04 - failed to reach orbit
Atlas-Centaur
Cape Canaveral
1965 Mar 2, 13:25


1965-015
Voskhod, 11A57
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Mar 7, 09:00
Cosmos 59 (Zenit-4 11Ф69)
1965-015A
1191
Re-entered - 1965 Mar 15
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit. Because of the Cosmos 57 (Voskhod) re-entry failure - a dummy Voskhod airlock attach point was fitted to Cosmos 59 to test its aerodynamic effects during re-entry

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Mar 08, 11:4866420.008820632389.7964.9859


1965-016
Thor SLV-2 Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Mar 9, 18:29
SECOR 3 (EGRS 3)
1965-016E
1208
in space
Sequential Collation of Range/Electronic and Geodetic Ranging Satellite - geodetic satellite using triangulated reception of radio signals.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Mar 12, 11:2273020.0019910937103.4970.11282


1965-017
Thor Ablestar
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Mar 11, 13:39
NNS O-3 (Navy Navigation System)
1965-017A
1303
Re-entered - 1965 Jun 14
Life 95 days
US navigation satellite launched to aid the US Navy's Polaris ballistic missile submarines to find their position to within 100m. Also used by naval surface ships and other government vessels.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Mar 21, 22:0269770.056220799196.6789.9760
SECOR 2 (EGRS 2)
1965-017B
1250
Re-entered - 1968 Feb 26
Life 1082 days
Sequential Collation of Range/Electronic and Geodetic Ranging Satellite - geodetic satellite using triangulated reception of radio signals.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1966 Feb 01, 05:3170030.048928296797.2089.9811


1965-018
Molniya, 8K78/E6
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Mar 12, 09:30
Cosmos 60 (E-6 №9)
1965-018A
1246
Re-entered - 1965 Mar 17
Life 5 days
Attempt to soft land a camera module onto the lunar surface. Launch vehicle final stage rocket engine failed to fire, leaving it stranded in LEO.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Mar 12, 10:4666070.006318727089.0864.7549


1965-019
Atlas-Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Mar 12, 19:25
OPS 4920 (KH-7 16)
1965-019A
1247
Re-entered - 1965 Mar 17
Life 5 days Returned to Earth
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film was recovered.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Mar 12, 23:2165980.011114629388.89107.57131


1965-020
Cosmos-1, 65S3
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Mar 15, 11:00
Cosmos 61 (Strela-1)
1965-020A
1267
Re-entered - 1968 Jan 15
Life 1036 days
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Mar 17, 10:0573780.10012611738105.1156.02107
Cosmos 62 (Strela-1)
1965-020B
1268
Re-entered - 1968 Sep 24
Life 1289 days
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Mar 24, 02:3473630.09852591710104.7956.03118
Cosmos 63 (Strela-1)
1965-020C
1269
Re-entered - 1967 Nov 4
Life 964 days
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Mar 17, 13:1573450.09632591674104.4056.03106


1965-021
Thor MG-18
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Mar 18, 04:43
DMSP 1 F-11 (DAPP 11/Defense Meteorological Satellite Program)
1965-021A
1273
Re-entered - 1989 Dec 31
Life 9054 days
Vehicle in the US Defense Meteorological Satellite Program for collecting strategic weather and climate data.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
1965 Mar 18, 18:4770200.015953075497.5699.0128620:22


1965-022
Voskhod, 11A57
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Mar 18, 07:00
Voskhod 2 (Voskhod-3KD №4)
1965-022A
1274
Re-entered - 1965 Mar 19
Life 1 day Returned to Earth
Piloted spacecraft carrying Alexei Leonov and Pavel Belyaev. Leonov became the first human being to exit from a spacecraft in orbit (the first EVA). Landing delayed by one circuit of the Earth when the primary retro-rocket failed to fire and the back-up system had to be used. The off-target landing meant that the crew had to remain with the spacecraft for a whole day before the recovery team arrived.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Mar 18, 15:5766980.022716847290.9364.7971


1965-023
Atlas-Agena B
Cape Canaveral
1965 Mar 21, 21:37


1965-024
Titan II GLV
Cape Canaveral
1965 Mar 23, 14:24
Gemini 3 (Gemini III)
1965-024A
1301
Re-entered - 1965 Mar 23
Life <1 day Returned to Earth
First piloted mission of Gemini spacecraft - carried Virgil Grissom and John Young. First spacecraft to change its orbit. Returned to Earth after three circuits of the Earth. Descent by parachute led to splash down in Atlantic Ocean March 23 at 19:16:31 UTC.
Orbit not available


1965-025
Vostok, 8A92
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Mar 25, 10:00
Cosmos 64 (Zenit-2 11Ф61 №17)
1965-025A
1305
Re-entered - 1965 Apr 2
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance - recovered after eight days.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Mar 25, 18:4666110.003620925789.1665.0115


1965-026
Thor SLV-2A + Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Mar 25, 21:11
OPS 4803 (KH-4A 18, Corona 93)
1965-026A
1307
Re-entered - 1965 Apr 4
Life 10 days Returned to Earth
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film fired a retro retro-rocket, re-entered and was recovered. Also carried an ELINT payload.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Mar 26, 17:2566000.006617926588.9496.02152


1965-027
Atlas-Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Apr 3, 21:25
SECOR 4 (EGRS 4)
1965-027B
1315
in space
Sequential Collation of Range/Electronic and Geodetic Ranging Satellite - geodetic satellite using triangulated reception of radio signals.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Apr 14, 11:1376710.003012701317111.4590.21193


1965-028
Thor Delta D
Cape Canaveral
1965 Apr 6, 23:47


1965-F05 - failed to reach orbit
Molniya 8K78
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Apr 10


1965-029
Voskhod, 11A57
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Apr 17, 09:50
Cosmos 65 (Zenit-4 11Ф69)
1965-029A
1320
Re-entered - 1965 Apr 25
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit. Cosmos 65 also carried meteorological experiments.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Apr 20, 17:0066400.008420631889.7565.0054


1965-030
Molniya 8K78
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Apr 23, 01:55
Molniya-1
1965-030A
1324
Re-entered - 1979 May 27
Life 5147 days
Domestic Soviet/Russian telephone, telegraph and television communications relay satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Apr 25, 02:28262960.737353139305707.2965.50324
1965 May 04, 23:20266240.740553039961720.5565.27324


1965-031
Atlas-Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Apr 28, 20:17
OPS 4983 (KH-7 17)
1965-031A
1327
Re-entered - 1965 May 3
Life 5 days Returned to Earth
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film was recovered.
Orbit not available
OPS 6717 (Pundit 4)
1965-031B
1329
Re-entered - 1969 Oct 31
Life 1647 days Returned to Earth
Small military satellite with radio receivers to monitor Soviet missile tests.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Apr 29, 03:3069010.005248755995.0995.26229
1965 Apr 30, 17:3469030.003050454595.1395.21225


1965-032
Scout X-4
Wallops Flight Facility
1965 Apr 29, 14:17


1965-033
Thor SLV-2A + Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Apr 29, 21:44
OPS 5023 (KH-4A 19, Corona 94)
1965-033A
1330
Re-entered - 1965 May 26
Life 27 days Returned to Earth
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film fired a retro retro-rocket, re-entered and was recovered. Also carried an ELINT payload. A capsule carrying film was returned but recovery failed.
Orbit not available


1965-034
Titan IIIA
Cape Canaveral
1965 May 6, 15:00


1965-035
Vostok, 8A92
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 May 7, 09:30
Cosmos 66 (Zenit-2 11Ф61 №27)
1965-035A
1362
Re-entered - 1965 May 15
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance - re-entered for recovery after eight days but destroyed on impact when parachute system failed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 May 07, 19:4766190.006319928389.3265.01359


1965-036
Molniya, 8K78M
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 May 9, 07:49
Luna 5 (E-6 № 10)
1965-036A
1366
Re-entered - 1965 May 12
Life 3 days
Attempt to soft land a camera module onto the lunar surface. Landing set for May 12 at 19:15 UTC but retro-rocket failed to fire, leading to crash landing near 31 degrees South, 8 degrees West, in the Mare Nubium area, and a 220 x 80 kilometre dust cloud that lasted for ten minutes.
Impacted on the Moon


1965-037
Thor SLV-2A + Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 May 18, 18:02
OPS 8431 (KH-4A 20, Corona 95)
1965-037A
1374
Re-entered - 1965 Jun 15
Life 28 days
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film fired a retro retro-rocket, re-entered and was recovered.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 May 19, 18:5766420.009819832989.7875.01166


1965-038
Thor Burner 1
Vandenberg AFB
1965 May 20, 16:30
DMSP 3 F-1 (DAPP 12/Defense Meteorological Satellite Program)
1965-038A
1377
Re-entered - 2012 Mar 9
Life 17095 days
Vehicle in the US Defense Meteorological Satellite Program for collecting strategic weather and climate data.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
1965 May 24, 18:1871370.0287553964100.0098.6326608:09


1965-039
Saturn I (SA-8)
Cape Canaveral
1965 May 25, 07:35


1965-040
Voskhod, 11A57
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 May 25, 10:50
Cosmos 67 (Zenit-4 11Ф69)
1965-040A
1382
Re-entered - 1965 Jun 2
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 May 25, 13:3866570.011320335490.0951.8651


1965-041
Atlas-Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 May 27, 19:30
OPS 5236 (KH-7 18)
1965-041A
1386
Re-entered - 1965 Jun 1
Life 5 days Returned to Earth
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film was recovered.
Orbit not available


1965-F06 - failed to reach orbit
Atlas D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 May 28, 02:54


1965-042
Thor Delta C
Cape Canaveral
1965 May 29, 12:00
Explorer 28 (Interplanetary Monitoring Platform 3)
1965-042A
1388
Re-entered - 1968 Jul 4
Life 1132 days
Science vehicle investigating the Earth's magnetosphere.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Jul 29, 01:341386020.95261962642528558.8233.86138


1965-043
Titan II GLV
Cape Canaveral
1965 Jun 3, 15:16
Gemini 4 (Gemini IV)
1965-043A
1390
Re-entered - 1965 Jun 7
Life 4 days Returned to Earth
Piloted spacecraft carrying James McDivitt and Ed White. Unsuccessfully attempted rendezvous with launch vehicle first stage. Ed White made first US EVA of 36 minutes from hatch open to hatch closed with 20 minutes spent outside. Re-entered and descended by parachute with splash-down in Atlantic Ocean June 7 at 17:12:11 UTC.
Orbit not available


1965-044
Molniya, 8K78M
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Jun 8, 07:40
Luna 6 (E-6 № 7)
1965-044A
1393
in space
Attempt to soft land a camera module onto the lunar surface. Engine failed to shut down as planned at the end of a course-correction manoeuvre so all fuel was exhausted. It missed the Moon and probably entered Barycentric orbit.
Orbit unknown


1965-045
Thor SLV-2A + Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Jun 9, 21:58
OPS 8425 (KH-4A 21, Corona 96)
1965-045A
1396
Re-entered - 1965 Jun 22
Life 13 days
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film fired a retro retro-rocket, re-entered and was recovered. Also carried an ELINT payload.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Jun 11, 01:5366420.013417535389.7975.07147


1965-046
Vostok, 8A92
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Jun 15, 09:43
Cosmos 68 (Zenit-2 11Ф61 №29)
1965-046A
1404
Re-entered - 1965 Jun 23
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance - recovered after eight days.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Jun 17, 12:2566380.008920131989.7165.0225


1965-047
Titan IIIC
Cape Canaveral
1965 Jun 18, 14:00


1965-048
Thor Ablestar
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Jun 24, 22:35
NNS O-4 (Navy Navigation System)
1965-048A
1420
in space
US navigation satellite launched to aid the US Navy's Polaris ballistic missile submarines to find their position to within 100m. Also used by naval surface ships and other government vessels.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Jun 27, 22:5974620.007510281140106.9290.00298


1965-049
Voskhod, 11A57
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Jun 25, 09:45
Cosmos 69 (Zenit-4 11Ф69)
1965-049A
1421
Re-entered - 1965 Jul 3
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Jun 27, 12:2666360.007920631089.6664.8947


1965-050
Atlas-Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Jun 25, 19:30
OPS 5501 (KH-7 19)
1965-050B
1424
Re-entered - 1965 Jun 30
Life 5 days Returned to Earth
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film was recovered.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Jun 26, 20:0965940.010214928388.81107.64137


1965-051
Thor Delta C
Cape Canaveral
1965 Jul 2, 04:07
TIROS 10
1965-051A
1430
Re-entered - 1994 Jun 3
Life 10563 days
Television Infrared Observation Satellite meteorological satellite for obtaining TV images of cloud patterns.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
1965 Jul 05, 18:4671680.0063744835100.6598.6424122:46


1965-052
Cosmos, 63S1
Kapustin Yar Cosmodrome
1965 Jul 2, 06:30


1965-F07 - failed to reach orbit
Atlas-Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Jul 12, 19:00
OPS 5810 (KH-7 20)
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. Lost when the launch vehicle failed.


1965-F08 - failed to reach orbit
Vostok, 8A92
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Jul 13
Cosmos (Zenit-2 11Ф61 №28)
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance - lost when launch vehicle second-stage guidance failed.


1965-053
Cosmos-1, 65S3
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Jul 16, 03:31
Cosmos 71 (Strela-1)
1965-053A
1441
Re-entered - 1970 Aug 11
Life 1852 days
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Jul 20, 08:5569100.001452254195.2756.047
Cosmos 72 (Strela-1)
1965-053B
1442
Re-entered - 1979 Aug 24
Life 5152 days
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Jul 20, 11:1169410.003653858895.9256.06128
Cosmos 73 (Strela-1)
1965-053C
1443
Re-entered - 1974 Mar 20
Life 3169 days
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Jul 20, 17:1369250.001553755795.5956.07107
Cosmos 74 (Strela-1)
1965-053D
1444
Re-entered - 1979 Dec 13
Life 5263 days
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Jul 20, 14:4469560.005653961796.2256.04137
Cosmos 75 (Strela-1)
1965-053E
1445
Re-entered - 1979 Sep 28
Life 5187 days
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Jul 20, 04:1167450.027518155291.8863.4364


1965-054
Proton-K
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Jul 16, 11:16
Proton (N-4 №1)
1965-054A
1466
Re-entered - 1965 Oct 11
Life 87 days
High energy physics satellite carried on a test of the two-stage version of the UR-500/Proton launch vehicle. Mass approx 12,000 kg.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Jul 23, 06:1967660.031517560192.3163.4564


1965-055
Thor SLV-2A + Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Jul 17, 05:55


1965-056
Molniya 8K78
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Jul 18, 14:38
Zond 3 (3MV-4 №3)
1965-056A
1454
in space
Engineering test of interplanetary spacecraft. Passed 9,200 kilometres behind the Moon on Jul 19 at 23:40 UTC and took a sequence of 25 photographs of the far side and later transmitted them to Earth. Operated for about two years.
Heliocentric orbit


1965-057
Thor SLV-2A + Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Jul 19, 22:01
OPS 5543 (KH-4A 22, Corona 97)
1965-057A
1457
Re-entered - 1965 Aug 18
Life 30 days
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film fired a retro retro-rocket, re-entered and was recovered.
Orbit not available


1965-058
Atlas-Agena D
Cape Canaveral
1965 Jul 20, 08:27
Vela 5 (Vela 3A)
1965-058A
1458
in space
Satellite for detecting and monitoring nuclear explosions in the Earth's atmosphere.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Aug 27, 23:481174810.04031063661158396678.9635.34223
Vela 6 (Vela 3B)
1965-058B
1459
in space
Satellite for detecting and monitoring nuclear explosions in the Earth's atmosphere.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Aug 25, 04:171178760.08301017151212816712.7034.9463


1965-059
Cosmos, 63S1
Kapustin Yar Cosmodrome
1965 Jul 23, 04:33
Cosmos 76 (DS-P1-Yu № 3)
1965-059A
1464
Re-entered - 1966 Mar 16
Life 236 days
Reflective target for callibration of ground-based radar systems.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Jul 24, 03:1767630.019425451792.2648.78114


1965-060
Saturn I (SA-10)
Cape Canaveral
1965 Jul 30, 13:00


1965-061
Voskhod, 11A57
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Aug 3, 11:00
Cosmos 77 (Zenit-4 11Ф69)
1965-061A
1469
Re-entered - 1965 Aug 11
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance. This was the first msiion following acceptance into service 1965 Jul 12. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Aug 04, 07:3866190.006120128189.3251.7929


1965-062
Atlas-Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Aug 3, 19:12
OPS 5698 (KH-7 21)
1965-062A
1471
Re-entered - 1965 Aug 7
Life 4 days Returned to Earth
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film was recovered.
Orbit not available


1965-063
Scout B
Wallops Flight Facility
1965 Aug 10, 17:54
SECOR 5 (EGRS 5)
1965-063B
1502
in space
Sequential Collation of Range/Electronic and Geodetic Ranging Satellite - geodetic satellite using triangulated reception of radio signals.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Sep 25, 15:3781590.078911362425122.2369.24124


1965-064
Atlas-Centaur D
Cape Canaveral
1965 Aug 11, 14:31


1965-065
Thor Ablestar
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Aug 13, 22:11
NNS O-5 (Navy Navigation System)
1965-065F
1514
in space
US navigation satellite launched to aid the US Navy's Polaris ballistic missile submarines to find their position to within 100m. Also used by naval surface ships and other government vessels.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Aug 22, 12:5075180.006810891191108.1390.01276


1965-066
Vostok, 8A92
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Aug 14, 10:55
Cosmos 78 (Zenit-2 11Ф61 №30)
1965-066A
1505
Re-entered - 1965 Aug 22
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance - recovered after eight days.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Aug 14, 19:4666320.006820829989.5768.9218


1965-067
Thor SLV-2A + Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Aug 17, 20:59


1965-068
Titan II GLV
Cape Canaveral
1965 Aug 21, 14:00
Gemini 5 (Gemini V)
1965-068A
1516
Re-entered - 1965 Aug 29
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Piloted space vehicle carrying L Gordon Cooper and Charles Conrad. Intended rendezvous with Radar Evaluation Pod released from the spacecraft was not possible because of a spacecraft electrical problem. Re-entered, with splashdown August 29 at 12:55:13 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Aug 21, 15:1766320.012716933889.5832.5967
REP (Rendezvous Evaluation Pod)
1965-068C
1518
Re-entered - 1965 Aug 27
Life 6 days Returned to Earth
Rendezvous target for Gemini 5. Not used.
Orbit not available


1965-069
Voskhod, 11A57
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Aug 25, 10:19
Cosmos 79 (Zenit-4 11Ф69)
1965-069A
1523
Re-entered - 1965 Sep 2
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit66490.010120433889.9364.9054


1965-F09 - failed to reach orbit
Thor Delta C
Cape Canaveral
1965 Aug 25, 15:17


1965-F10 - failed to reach orbit
Thor SLV-2 Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Sep 2, 20:00


1965-070
Cosmos-1, 65S3
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Sep 3, 14:00
Cosmos 80 (Strela-1)
1965-070A
1570
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Sep 09, 05:3878320.012513561552114.9756.05115
Cosmos 81 (Strela-1)
1965-070B
1571
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Sep 08, 16:3778490.010913851556115.3356.06121
Cosmos 82 (Strela-1)
1965-070C
1572
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Sep 12, 13:3078640.009714101563115.6856.06136
Cosmos 83 (Strela-1)
1965-070D
1573
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Sep 09, 06:5578820.008314381569116.0656.04143
Cosmos 84 (Strela-1)
1965-070E
1574
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Sep 09, 05:2578990.007014651576116.4356.05155


1965-071
Voskhod, 11A57
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Sep 9, 09:36
Cosmos 85 (Zenit-4 11Ф69)
1965-071A
1578
Re-entered - 1965 Sep 17
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit66290.007120429889.5264.9056


1965-072
Thor Burner 1
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Sep 10, 04:41
DMSP 2 F-1 (DAPP 13/Defense Meteorological Satellite Program)
1965-072A
1580
in space
Vehicle in the US Defense Meteorological Satellite Program for collecting strategic weather and climate data.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
Desc Node
Local Time
1965 Sep 10, 14:1672280.02846451056101.9498.6525020:19


1965-073
Cosmos-1, 65S3
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Sep 18, 07:59
Cosmos 86 (Strela-1)
1965-073A
1584
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Sep 22, 15:0978360.023112771639115.0656.05139
Cosmos 87 (Strela-1)
1965-073B
1585
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Sep 22, 13:3578550.022013041649115.4656.06145
Cosmos 88 (Strela-1)
1965-073C
1586
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Sep 18, 15:2178720.021613241664115.8556.09142
Cosmos 89 (Strela-1)
1965-073D
1587
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Sep 22, 14:1678900.020313521673116.2556.04156
Cosmos 90 (Strela-1)
1965-073E
1588
in space
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Sep 22, 14:3879090.019813741688116.6756.05162


1965-074
Thor SLV-2A + Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Sep 22, 21:31
OPS 7221 (KH-4A 24, Corona 100)
1965-074A
1602
Re-entered - 1965 Oct 11
Life 19 days
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film fired a retro retro-rocket, re-entered and was recovered.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Sep 25, 01:3266540.012719136190.0380.06165


1965-075
Voskhod, 11A57
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Sep 23, 09:07
Cosmos 91 (Zenit-4 11Ф69)
1965-075A
1603
Re-entered - 1965 Oct 1
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit66400.009020232289.7564.9849


1965-076
Atlas-Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Sep 30, 19:20
OPS 7208 (KH-4A 23, Corona 98)
1965-076A
1609
Re-entered - 1965 Oct 5
Life 5 days Returned to Earth
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film fired a retro retro-rocket, re-entered and was recovered.
Orbit not available


1965-077
Molniya 8K78
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Oct 4, 07:56
Luna 7 (E-6 № 11)
1965-077A
1610
Re-entered - 1965 Oct 7
Life 3 days
Attempt to land a camera module onto the lunar surface. Landing retro-rocket fired early, resulting in the vehicle crashing onto the Moon near 9 degrees north, 40 degrees west in the Oceanus Procellarum.
Impacted on the Moon


1965-078
Atlas D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Oct 5, 09:07


1965-079
Thor SLV-2A + Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Oct 5, 17:45
OPS 5325 (KH-4A 25, Corona 101)
1965-079A
1615
Re-entered - 1965 Oct 29
Life 24 days
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film fired a retro retro-rocket, re-entered and was recovered.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Oct 05, 21:4366420.009020332389.7875.03140


1965-081
Thor SLV-2A + Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Oct 14, 13:11
OGO 2 (Orbiting Geophysical Observatory)
1965-081A
1620
Re-entered - 1981 Sep 17
Life 5817 days
NASA science satellite studing the interactions between the Earth's magnetosphere and the Solar wind..

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Oct 17, 06:4273430.07454181513104.3887.36164


1965-080
Molniya 8K78
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Oct 14, 19:40
Molniya-1
1965-080A
1621
Re-entered - 1967 Mar 17
Life 519 days
Domestic Soviet/Russian telephone, telegraph and television communications relay satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1965 Oct 18, 07:16265860.742347239943719.0065.08285
1966 Feb 04, 04:17265170.738356039717716.2165.19283


1965-082
Titan IIIC
Cape Canaveral
1965 Oct 15, 17:23


1965-083
Voskhod, 11A57
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Oct 16, 08:09
Cosmos 92 (Zenit-4 11Ф69)
1965-083A
1626
Re-entered - 1965 Oct 24
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit. Cosmos 92 also carried meteorological and biological experiments.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit66450.009920133289.8464.9756


1965-084
Cosmos-2, 11K63
Kapustin Yar Cosmodrome
1965 Oct 19, 05:44


1965-F11 - failed to reach orbit
Atlas-Agena D
Cape Canaveral
1965 Oct 25, 15:00


1965-085
Voskhod, 11A57
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Oct 28, 08:24
Cosmos 94 (Zenit-4 11Ф69)
1965-085A
1636
Re-entered - 1965 Nov 5
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit. Cosmos 94 also carried biological experiments.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit66140.005020326989.2264.9665


1965-086
Thor SLV-2A + Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Oct 28, 21:17
OPS 2155 (KH-4A 26, Corona 102)
1965-086A
1637
Re-entered - 1965 Nov 17
Life 20 days
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film fired a retro retro-rocket, re-entered and was recovered. Also carried Aurora/ORBIS transmitter from Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory for HF radio propagation studie
Orbit not available


1965-087
Proton-K
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Nov 2, 12:28
Proton 2 (N-4 №2)
1965-087A
1701
Re-entered - 1966 Feb 6
Life 96 days
High energy physics satellite carried on a test of the two-stage version of the UR-500/Proton launch vehicle. Mass approx 12,000 kg. Early orbit data not available.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1966 Feb 01, 08:5265930.009515227888.7963.4459


1965-088
Cosmos-2, 11K63
Kapustin Yar Cosmodrome
1965 Nov 4, 05:31


1965-089
Thor Delta E
Cape Canaveral
1965 Nov 6, 18:38


1965-090
Atlas-Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Nov 8, 19:26
OPS 6232 (KH-7 23)
1965-090B
1728
Re-entered - 1965 Nov 9
Life 1 day Returned to Earth
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film was recovered.
Orbit not available


1965-091
Molniya, 8K78M
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Nov 12, 05:02
Venera 2 (3MV-4 № 4)
1965-091A
1730
in space
Venus exploration spacecraft - flew past Venus 1966 Feb 27 with closest approach 23,810 kilometres at 02:52 UTC. Lost when communications were closed down for Venus encounter and it failed to re-establish the link in order to transmit Venus science data.
Heliocentric orbit


1965-092
Molniya, 8K78M
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Nov 16, 04:19
Venera 3 (3MV-3 № 1)
1965-092A
1733
Re-entered - 1966 Mar 1
Life 105 days
Venus exploration spacecraft intended to land an instrumented probe on the surface. Communication lost 1966 Feb 15. Entered Venus atmosphere 1966 Mar 1.
Entered Venus atmosphere


1965-093
Scout X-4
Wallops Flight Facility
1965 Nov 19, 04:48


1965-094
Molniya, 8K78M
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Nov 23, 03:21


1965-095
Cosmos-2, 11K63
Kapustin Yar Cosmodrome
1965 Nov 26, 12:14


1965-096
Diamant A № 1
Hammaguir
1965 Nov 26, 14:47
A-1 (Asterix)
1965-096A
1778
in space
Payload carried on the first Diamant rocket launch, fitted with navigation test equipment. Some time after launch it was named after the French cartoon character Astérix

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1966 Jan 29, 14:0975440.08455281803108.6834.24148


1965-097
Vostok, 8A92
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Nov 27, 08:24
Cosmos 98 (Zenit-2 11Ф61 №31)
1965-097A
1780
Re-entered - 1965 Dec 5
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance - recovered after eight days.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit67540.025320554692.0665.0385


1965-098
Thor SLV-2 Agena B
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Nov 29, 04:48


1965-099
Molniya 8K78
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Dec 3, 10:46
Luna 8 (E-6 № 12)
1965-099A
1810
Re-entered - 1965 Dec 6
Life 3 days
Attempt to land a camera module onto the lunar surface. Landing retro-rocket fired late and the spacecraft was destroyed as it crashed onto the Moon near 9.1 degrees north, 63.3 degrees west in the Oceanus Procellarum.
Impacted on the Moon


1965-100
Titan II GLV
Cape Canaveral
1965 Dec 4, 19:30


1965-101
Scout X-4
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Dec 6, 21:05


1965-102
Thor SLV-2A + Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Dec 9, 21:10
OPS 7249 (KH-4A 27, Corona 103)
1965-102A
1816
Re-entered - 1965 Dec 26
Life 17 days
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film fired a retro retro-rocket, re-entered and was recovered.
Orbit not available


1965-103
Vostok, 8A92
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Dec 10, 08:09
Cosmos 99 (Zenit-2 11Ф61 №32)
1965-103A
1817
Re-entered - 1965 Dec 18
Life 8 days Returned to Earth
Imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance - recovered after eight days.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit66330.008020230889.6064.99236


1965-104
Titan II GLV
Cape Canaveral
1965 Dec 15, 13:37


1965-105
Thor Delta E
Cape Canaveral
1965 Dec 16, 07:31
Pioneer 6
1965-105A
1841
in space
First a cluster of four spacecraft (including Pioneer 7, 8,and 9) launched to monitor the 'weather' in the Solar System by obtaining continuous measurements of interplanetary phenomena from widely separated points in space. Experiments studied the positive ions and electrons in the solar wind, the interplanetary electron density (radio propagation experiment), solar and galactic cosmic rays, and the interplanetary magnetic field.
Heliocentric orbit


1965-106
Vostok, 8A92M
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Dec 17, 02:24
Cosmos 100 (Meteor № 3)
1965-106A
1843
Re-entered - 2002 Feb 15
Life 13209 days
Developmental meteorological imaging and data collection satellite in polar orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1966 Jan 23, 23:2070210.001962965697.5865.00254


1965-107
Cosmos, 63S1
Kapustin Yar Cosmodrome
1965 Dec 21, 06:14
Cosmos 101 (DS-P1-Yu № 4)
1965-107A
1846
Re-entered - 1966 Jul 12
Life 203 days
Reflective target for callibration of ground-based radar systems.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1966 Jan 30, 11:4967610.018925551192.2148.80291


1965-108
Titan IIIC
Cape Canaveral
1965 Dec 21, 14:00


1965-109
Scout A
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Dec 22, 04:33
NNS O-6 (Navy Navigation System)
1965-109A
1864
in space
US navigation satellite launched to aid the US Navy's Polaris ballistic missile submarines to find their position to within 100m. Also used by naval surface ships and other government vessels.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1966 Jan 19, 23:4973740.01229061086105.0389.10122


1965-110
Thor SLV-2A + Agena D
Vandenberg AFB
1965 Dec 24, 21:06
OPS 4639 (KH-4A 28, Corona 104)
1965-110A
1866
Re-entered - 1966 Jan 20
Life 27 days
Military photographic imaging satellite using film. A capsule carrying exposed film fired a retro retro-rocket, re-entered and was recovered.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1966 Jan 17, 08:4466020.009016428488.9879.9983


1965-111
Soyuz 11A510
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Dec 27, 22:19


1965-F12 - failed to reach orbit
Cosmos, 63S1
Kapustin Yar Cosmodrome
1965 Dec 28


1965-112
Cosmos-1, 65S3
Baikonur Cosmodrome
1965 Dec 28, 12:30
Cosmos 103 (Strela-2)
1965-112A
1868
Re-entered - 1990 Jan 2
Life 8771 days
Government/military system store-dump communications satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1966 Jan 24, 17:0869930.002859563496.9956.04170


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