Zarya - Soviet, Russian and International Spaceflight
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Launches and Orbital Operations


Tyneside, UK
2020 Jul 13
Monday, Day 195

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Primary source of unclassified orbital elements

Orbital elements based on amateur observations

2020 - Launches to Orbit and Beyond

Listed are all launches, irrespective of outcome, that were irretrievably committed to flight towards orbit or intended to accelerate the payload to escape velocity.

Launch times are in UTC and are from the launching agency or estimated by 'walking back' along the ground track to the launch site. The PRIME source of orbit data and decay information is SpaceTrack. All other major sources draw heavily on the Space-Track data.

To fill the gaps where Space-Track's elements are not published because they have a classification of "Secret", a minority of orbits is based on amateur observations using visual and radio techniques. Such data is published near-daily by Mike McCants and the source observations can often be found in the web-based Seesat-L discussion group. Occasionally, early orbit data are published by satellite owners and may cover periods before SpaceTrack lists a new object. In extreme cases, orbits are estimated from public data.

Apogee and perigee are measured against a spherical Earth situated at the focus of the orbital ellipse and with a radius of 6378.145 km. Care should be exercised when comparing with other published orbits even when the source is shown as SpaceTrack because they may be be based on a different model.

Web sites may link to specific launches by pointing to the page URL followed by the three digit launch number, eg - http://www.zarya.info/Diaries/Launches/Launches.php?year=2020#001


2020-001
Falcon 9 Block 5
Cape Canaveral
2020 Jan 7, 02:19
Starlink-1073
2020-001A
44914
in space
One member of a simultaneously-launched cluster of sixty LEO Broadband communications satellites from SpaceX aimed ultimately at 550 km altitude.

All satellites were injected initially into similar orbits at 300 km altitude.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 13, 19:3866980.000132032190.9353.0086
2020 Jun 19, 22:0069280.000254955195.6553.00102
Falcon 9 upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 Jan 7
Life <1 day
Launched cluster of Starlink satellites. Caused to re-enter after about 1.5 circuits of the Earth and about two hours after lift-off. Any surviving fragments from its destructive re-entry impacted the southern Indian Ocean. Not catalogued.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2020-002
CZ 3B
Xichang Space Centre
2020 Jan 7, 15:20
TJS 5 (Communications Technology Experiment Satellite 5)
2020-002A
44978
in space
Described as a technology test satellite, TJS 5 is probably military in nature and possibly intended either for signals intelligence gathering (SIGINT) or to perform a missile early warning rôle. Precise launch time 15:20:14 UTC. Probably transferred to GEO Jan 9 and reached operational location the same day or shortly after.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Jan 08, 04:08243780.730419535804631.3227.46180
2020 Jan 17, 16:35421660.000235779357961436.151.0024179° east
CZ 3B upper stage
2020-002B
44979
in space
Launched TJS 5.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 09, 03:01236920.724115934469604.8927.45180


2020-003
CZ 2D
Taiyuan Space Centre
2020 Jan 15, 02:53
Jilin 1 Wide Field 01 (Red Flag-1 H9)
2020-003A
45016
in space
Additional member of the Jilin 1 Earth observation constellation - equipped with a wide field imaging system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Jan 16, 06:5068630.001147749294.3097.3426310:00
ÑuSat 7 (Sophie)
2020-003B
45017
in space
Small satellite from Satellogic of Argentina to provide earth images in the visible and infrared parts of the spectrum using real-time imaging and video.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Jan 16, 08:4568620.001147649294.2997.3426810:00
ÑuSat 8 (Marie)
2020-003C
45018
in space
Small satellite from Satellogic of Argentina to provide earth images in the visible and infrared parts of the spectrum using real-time imaging and video.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Jan 16, 06:5268620.001247649294.2897.3426810:00
Tianqi 5
2020-003D
45019
in space
Comsat providing messaging communication links from LEO including between Internet-connected items. Catalogue number and designation to be confirmed,

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 15, 07:2068620.001247649294.2897.34281
CZ 2D upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 Jan 15
Life <1 day
Launched Jilin-1 Wide Field 01 and others. Caused to re-enter after releasing satellites. Not catalogued.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2020-004
Kuaizhou 1A
Jiuquan Space Centre
2020 Jan 16, 03:02
Yinhe 01 (SparkSat 01)
2020-004A
45024
in space
Comsat to provided 5G data connections between items of Internet-connected equipment. Demonstrator for a planned constellation from GalaxySpace of China.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 17, 12:3170070.001162163797.2986.40260
KZ-1A upper stage
2020-004B
45025
Re-entered - 2020 Jan 18
Life 2 days
Launched Yinhe 01. Perigee lowered after releasing satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 16, 07:4068340.049112179293.7286.3932


2020-005
Ariane 5ECA (VA-251)
Centre Spatiale Guyanaise
2020 Jan 16, 21:05
GSat 30
2020-005A
45026
in space
High capacity comsat owned by the Indian Space Research Organisation. Will replace Insat 4A. Separated from launch vehicle at 21:43:25 UTC. Expected location 83° east.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Jan 16, 22:49243820.728424335764631.476.04178
2020 Jan 19, 16:24398770.060631081359161320.790.34173
2020 Jan 21, 09:35422490.001135825359171440.410.1014582° east
2020 Jan 24, 08:26421980.001135773358661437.790.1131981° east
2020 Jan 28, 14:31421650.000335775357991436.110.103081° east
2020 Feb 13, 09:42421650.000435770358041436.100.12683° east
Eutelsat Konnect
2020-005B
45027
in space
High-capacity broadband satellite to deliver services across Europe and Africa, supporting community networks connected to Wi-Fi hotspots, mobile phone backhauling and rural connectivity. Separated from launch vehicle at 21:32:30 UTC. Transfer orbit converted to GEO over several months using electric propulsion. Expected location 13° east.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Jan 19, 20:25243970.727626735771632.066.06180
2020 Jan 23, 15:53246630.723743636133642.426.11184
2020 Feb 20, 12:56272580.6667270839051746.446.06192
2020 Mar 11, 07:02297960.6176501441821853.094.88199
2020 Mar 25, 19:00319100.5813698144082945.464.04204
2020 Apr 09, 06:01341330.54399188463211045.973.38209
2020 Apr 26, 00:46362630.484812304474651145.382.68214
2020 May 02, 11:36368600.456513655473091173.792.41216
2020 May 20, 06:00385580.363118181461791255.841.76218
2020 Jun 02, 00:35393150.306820876449981293.021.44220
2020 Jun 12, 02:38398940.249023581434511321.681.14221
2020 Jun 25, 14:05408130.170427479413911367.590.83220
2020 Jul 06, 15:06413170.103730654392241393.020.55214
Ariane 5 upper stage
2020-005D
45029
in space
Launched Eutelsat Konnect and GSat 30.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 21, 12:00242400.728320935516626.005.73180


 
SSIKLOPS small satellite deployer
International Space Station
2020 Jan 29, 04:20
STPSat 4 (Space Test Program Sat 4)
1998-067QY
45043
in space
Small satellite carrying five experimental payloads to study advanced spacecraft communications, navigation, power systems, as well as space weather and improved small-satellite tracking capability. The payloads were developed by the US Navy and the US Air Force as well as DoD research and academic institutions including the Air Force Research Laboratory, the Aerospace Corporation, and the Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jan 31, 08:3967970.000541642392.9551.65229


2020-006
Falcon 9 Block 5
Cape Canaveral
2020 Jan 29, 13:06
Starlink-1132
2020-006A
45044
in space
One member of a simultaneously-launched cluster of sixty LEO Broadband communications satellites from SpaceX aimed ultimately at 550 km altitude.

All satellites were injected initially into similar orbits near 300 km altitude.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 07, 16:0066940.000931032190.8353.00340
2020 Jun 19, 22:0069280.000154955095.6453.00104
Falcon 9 upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 Jan 28
Life <1 day
Launched cluster of Starlink satellites. Not catalogued - retro-fire caused destructive re-entry above the Indian Ocean about two hours, 1.5 circuits, after launch.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2020-007
Electron (NROL-151)
Rocket Lab LC-1, New Zealand
2020 Jan 31, 02:54
USA 294
2020-007A
45110
in space
Small satellite from US National Reconnaissance Office, possibly testing or demonstrating satellite sensors. Initial orbit is a pre-launch estimate based on extrapolation of data from earlier Electron missions. Later, more precise, orbital data is based combined visual and radio observations by Cees Bassa and Nico Janssen.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit69780.001459061096.6969.98246
2020 Feb 27, 19:4069650.000158658896.4169.96116
Electron kick stage
2019-007B
45111
in space
Launched USA 294.
Orbit parameters awaited
Electron upper stage
2019-007C
45112
Re-entered - 2020 Feb 22
Life 22 days
Launched USA 294. Initial orbit is a pre-launch estimate based on extrapolation of data from earlier Electron missions. Commencing 2020 Feb 18, orbit data was released routinely through SpaceTrack.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit67780.031019061092.5669.98245
2020 Feb 18, 15:0066360.013516834889.6769.98199


2020-008
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2020 Feb 6, 21:42
OneWeb 0013
2020-008A
45131
in space
Broadband distribution satellite for the UK company OneWeb.

One of 34 similar satellites carried on this launch

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 16, 18:4768280.001543946093.5887.40255
Fregat rocket stage
Re-entered - 2020 Feb 7
Life 1 day
Launched cluster of OneWeb satellites. Released satellites in groups of 2/4 over the first 3.5 hrs after launch then caused to re-enter above S Atlantic Ocean Feb 7 around 03:34 UTC. Not catalogued.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2020-009
H-IIA 202 (F-41)
Tanegashima Space Centre
2020 Feb 9, 01:34
IGS 14 (IGS Optical 7)
2008-009A
45165
in space
Information Gathering Satellite - an optical imaging reconnaissance satellite. Orbital elements are based on amateur observation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Feb 12, 09:5968690.000548849594.4497.4034710:30
2020 Apr 06, 21:2668610.000348148594.2697.3735710:30
HIIA upper stage
2020-009B
45166
in space
Launched IGS 14.
Classified object - orbit data withheld


failed to reach orbit
Simorgh
Ayatollah Khomeini SC
2020 Feb 9, 15:48
Zafar (Victory)
Imaging remote sensing satellite for monitoring natural resources, agricultural and environmental developments. Also carried low-bandwidth comms and messaging system. Aimed at 540 km orbit but lost when the launch vehicle failed to impart sufficient velocity. Re-entered over Indian Ocean.


2020-010
Atlas V 441
Cape Canaveral
2020 Feb 10, 04:03
Solar Orbiter
2020-010A
45167
in space
Joint ESA/NASA Solar observing mission placed in heliocentric orbit with perihelion 42 million km and 168 days orbital period in resonance with Venus. Arrival expected early 2021 when Venus gravity assist will raise inclination to 25° relative to the ecliptic plane and allow observation of polar regions of the Sun.
Heliocentric orbit
Atlas V upper stage (Centaur)
2020-010B
45168
in space
Launched Solar Orbiter.
Heliocentric orbit


2020-011
Antares 230
Wallops Flight Facility
2020 Feb 15, 20:21
SS Robert H Lawrence (Cygnus NG-13)
2020-011A
45175
Re-entered - 2020 May 29
Life 104 days
Northrop Grumman vehicle carrying supplies to ISS under CRS-2 contract with NASA. Captured by ISS Remote Manipulator Feb 18 at 09:05 UTC then docked, under control from ground, with downward facing port on Unity at 11:16 UTC. Undocked May 11 and released from the RMS under crew control at 16:09 UTC. Retro-fire 2020 May 29 around 19:00 UTC led to destructive re-entry at approx 19:42 UTC near 40° south, 145° west.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 15, 21:5966090.005419526789.1251.62132
2020 Feb 16, 12:4066180.005020727389.3051.63138
2020 Feb 16, 18:3166280.006620629389.4951.63138
2020 Feb 17, 00:4767200.010726941391.3651.6442
2020 Feb 17, 12:4967900.000640841692.8051.638
2020 Feb 17, 19:1867930.000441241892.8751.64268
2020 Feb 18, 13:3467970.000541642292.9551.64288
2020 May 11, 12:5967970.000141841992.9451.64274
2020 May 12, 05:5368010.000142342493.0451.64270
2020 May 14, 02:4668580.000647548494.1951.64337
2020 May 28, 19:3568390.012237754493.8151.66349
2020 May 29, 05:2867360.000435536091.7051.64213
ULTP (Ubiquitilink Test Payload)
2020-011D
45605
in space
6U Cubesat? - Testbed from Lynk for a satellite-ground communications using a mobile phone link where the satellite acts as the 'cell tower'. Released from Slingshot deployer on Cygnus NG-13 2020 May 13 at 23:25 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 May 16, 01:3168590.000747648694.2351.651
Antares upper stage
2020-011C
45177
Re-entered - 2020 Feb 23
Life 8 days
Launched SS Robert H Lawrence.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 15, 21:5966100.005519626889.1451.64134


2020-012
Falcon 9 Block 5
Cape Canaveral
2020 Feb 17, 15:05
Starlink-1138
2020-012A
45178
in space
One member of a simultaneously-launched cluster of sixty LEO Broadband communications satellites from SpaceX aimed ultimately at 550 km altitude. Separated from launch vehicle at 15:20 UTC.

All satellites were injected initially into similar orbits at 300 km altitude.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 24, 22:0067140.006629138091.2553.0069
2020 Jun 20, 04:0069280.000154955195.6553.0090
Falcon 9 upper stage
2020-012BS
45242
Re-entered - 2020 Mar 5
Life 17 days
Launched cluster of Starlink satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 18, 18:2866610.013719237590.1853.0048


2020-013
Ariane 5ECA (VA-252)
Centre Spatiale Guyanaise
2020 Feb 18, 22:18
JCSat 17
2020-013A
45245
in space
High-bandwidth comsat owned by SKYPerfect of Japan, covering the Japanese islands and the surrounding region. Separated from launch vehicle at 22:45 UTC. Expected location 136° east.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Feb 19, 10:21243460.727026835667630.076.00178
2020 Feb 20, 15:48250730.6782169135699658.525.75179
2020 Feb 23, 03:49270670.5542568935688738.625.28180
2020 Feb 25, 00:15333730.262518233357561011.224.68184
2020 Feb 28, 16:40421070.001335676357821433.157.00216136° east
2020 Mar 04, 15:34421650.000335774357991436.087.00350136° east
GEO-Kompsat 2B (Cheollian 2B)
2020-013B
45246
in space
South Korean Earth environment monitoring and ocean monitoring satellite. Separated from launch vehicle at 22:49 UTC. Expected location 128°.2 east.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Feb 19, 10:01243330.726826935640629.576.00178
2020 Feb 20, 18:46247780.6971112635674646.945.35179
2020 Feb 23, 02:45297750.41191113135662852.181.99180
2020 Feb 28, 17:40420630.000135681356891430.900.0597122° east
2020 Mar 02, 15:14420900.000735684357401432.290.05340126° east
2020 Mar 05, 18:44421170.000135734357431433.650.0468128° east
2020 Mar 12, 14:02421640.000235780357931436.080.04299128° east
Ariane 5 upper stage
2020-013D
45248
in space
Launched JCSat 17 and GEO-Kompsat 2B.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 22, 05:13242570.726824935508626.635.75178


 
Nanoracks Cubesat Deployer
International Space Station
2020 Feb 19, 07:10
RadSat-u (Radiation Satellite)
1998-067RF
45262
in space
3U Cubesat from Montana State University to demonstrate a radiation tolerant computer.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 23, 15:3067950.000741242292.9151.64333


 
Nanoracks Cubesat Deployer
International Space Station
2020 Feb 19, 09:35
Phoenix
1998-067RD
45260
in space
3U Cubesat designed by students from Arizona State University to study the Urban Heat Island effect associated with cities on the Earth's surface.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 23, 13:5867950.000841142292.9051.64294


 
Nanoracks Cubesat Deployer
International Space Station
2020 Feb 19, 11:20
QARMAN (Qubesat for Aerothermodynamic Research and Measurements on AblatioN)
1998-067RE
45261
in space
3U Cubesat designed to survive entry into Earth's atmosphere. Purpose is to demonstrate the use of a cubesat as a re-entry vehicle for future materials testing experiments. Also carries a sensor to observe lightning and auroral events at the Earth's limb. Precise release time 11:20:08 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 22, 17:5167950.000841142292.9151.64291


 
Nanoracks Cubesat Deployer
International Space Station
2020 Feb 19, 12:55
AztechSat 1
1998-067RA
45257
in space
1U Cubesat - built collaboratively by NASA and the Mexican Space Agency. Designed to demonstrate inter-satellite communication using satellites in the Globalstar constellation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 22, 10:0767950.000841242392.9151.64292
CryoCube
1998-067RB
45258
in space
3U Cubesat from the Sierra Lobo company equipped with a deployable sunshade to allow parts of the payload to be cooled to cryogenic temperatures for fluid dynamics studies.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 22, 05:2867950.000641342192.9151.64273


 
Nanoracks Cubesat Deployer
International Space Station
2020 Feb 19, 14:30
SOCRATES (Signal of Opportunity Cubesat Ranging And Timing Experiment System)
1998-067RG
45263
in space
3U Cubesat from the University of Minnesota to study gamma-ray photons from deep space.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 21, 20:1167950.000741242292.9251.64276


 
Nanoracks Cubesat Deployer
International Space Station
2020 Feb 19, 16:00
HARP (Hyper-Angular Rainbow Polarimeter)
1998-067QZ
45256
in space
3U Cubesat from a consortium of research bodies. Designed to monitor the microphysical cloud water and ice particles in the Earth's atmosphere.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 21, 15:3367960.000741242292.9251.65286
Argus-02
1998-067RC
45259
in space
2U CubeSat to improve modeling of the effects of space radiation on modern electronics. Built, managed and operated by a team of students from Saint Louis and Vanderbilt Universities, it will monitor test circuits in orbit and provide data that will be compared to theoretical models. Replacement satellite for one lost in the Super Strypi launch failure 2015 Nov 4.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 23, 15:3167950.000841242292.9151.64296


 
Nanoracks Cubesat Deployer
International Space Station
2020 Feb 19, 17:40
SORTIE (Scintillation Observations and Response of the Ionosphere to Electrodynamics)
1998-067RH
45264
in space
6U Cubesat from NASA and a consortium of research institutions to study plasma waves in the Earth's ionosphere.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 21, 18:3967960.000741342392.9251.64297


2020-014
CZ 2D
Xichang Space Centre
2020 Feb 19, 21:07
XJS-C (New Technology Test Satellite - C)
2020-014A
45249
in space
One of four simultaneously launched satellites designed to test inter-satellite communication network links and test new Earth observation technologies. Catalogue Number and Designation unconfirmed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 20, 06:3368570.000547648394.1935.01270
XJS-D (New Technology Test Satellite - D)
2020-014B
45250
in space
One of four simultaneously launched satellites designed to test inter-satellite communication network links and test new Earth observation technologies. Catalogue Number and Designation unconfirmed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 20, 06:3368570.000447648194.1735.01258
XJS-E (New Technology Test Satellite - E)
2020-014C
45251
in space
One of four simultaneously launched satellites designed to test inter-satellite communication network links and test new Earth observation technologies. Catalogue Number and Designation unconfirmed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 20, 06:3068570.000647448394.1735.01282
XJS-F (New Technology Test Satellite - F)
2020-014E
45253
in space
One of four simultaneously launched satellites designed to test inter-satellite communication network links and test new Earth observation technologies. Catalogue Number and Designation unconfirmed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 20, 06:3368550.000647348194.1535.01296
CZ 2D upper stage
2020-014D
45252
in space
Launched group of four XJS satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 20, 06:2068560.000547548194.1635.00239


2020-015
Soyuz-2 1A + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2020 Feb 20, 08:24
Meridian 9 (Meridian-M № 19L)
2020-015A
45254
in space
HEO military/government comsat to support Russian forces, commercial shipping and communication ground stations at northern latitudes across Russia. Second mission for the Meridian-M version. Meridian also supports the clandestine short messaging system formerly provided by the Parus satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 20, 20:43267370.724299539722725.1562.85295
2020 Mar 03, 22:14266110.7222101339453720.0462.85295
2020 Mar 06, 15:52265590.7216101739344717.9162.84295
2020 Mar 16, 09:34265500.7208103639308717.5662.84295
Soyuz upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 Feb 20
Life <1 day
Launched Meridian 9. Sub-orbital trajectory, re-entered above southern Pacific Ocean about 30 min after lift-off, accordingly not catalogued.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable
Fregat rocket stage
2020-015B
45255
in space
Launched Meridian 9. Separated from Soyuz launch vehicle together with attached Meridian-M at 08:34 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Feb 20, 09:36265830.727586639543718.8862.86295


2020-016
Falcon 9 Block 5
Cape Canaveral
2020 Mar 7, 04:50
SpaceX Dragon CRS-20
2020-016A
45341
Re-entered - 2020 Apr 7
Life 31 days
Supplies to ISS and cargo return. Captured by ISS Remote Manipulator System under control of the ISS crew Mar 9 at 10:25 UTC. Docked with the Harmony module under ground control at 12:18 UTC. Undocked 2020 Apr 7 under ground control, and released from the RMS by the ISS crew at 13:06 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 07, 08:1066710.013420338290.3751.6347
2020 Mar 08, 05:0966720.013420438490.4051.6450
2020 Mar 08, 11:0067590.000837538692.1651.642
2020 Mar 09, 05:5567940.000641242092.9051.6413
2020 Mar 09, 12:1467970.000641542392.9551.646
Falcon 9 upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 Mar 7
Life <1 day
Launched Dragon CRS-20. Performed retro-fire that also changed the orbital inclination to 47°.8. Destructive re-entry above the southern Pacific Ocean 65-70 min after launch.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2020-017
CZ 3B
Xichang Space Centre
2020 Mar 9, 11:57
Beidou-3 G-2
2020-017A
45344
in space
Phase 2 operational satellite in China's navigation satellite system. It also provides time and messaging services for the Asia-Pacific region. Probably moved to geosynchronous drift orbit Mar 10 and arrived on-station shortly after.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Mar 09, 18:03243810.728923135775631.4528.43180
2020 Apr 01, 16:54421650.000235776357971436.083.084180° east
CZ 3B upper stage
2020-017B
45345
in space
Launched Beidou-3 G-2. Orbit lowered after releasing satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 09, 15:51236830.722419634414604.5328.45179


failed to reach orbit
CZ 7A
Wenchang Space Centre
2020 Mar 16, 13:34
TJS-6
Government/military satellite - probably either a SIGINT (signals intelligence) or a missile early warning mission. Aimed at geosynchronous transfer orbit. Lost when the launch vehicle failed to attain orbit. First launch using CZ 7A.


2020-018
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2020 Mar 16, 18:28
Cosmos 2545 (Uragan-M)
2020-018A
45358
in space
Navigation satellite fill a gap in the GLONASS constellation as a replacement for a failed satellite in Plane 3. Released into MEO from the Fregat-M approx 22:20 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 17, 12:01255210.00051913119155676.2564.80264
2020 Apr 28, 07:19255080.00081910819151675.7264.82264
Fregat-M rocket stage
2020-018B
45359
in space
Launched Cosmos 2545.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 17, 14:48258450.00841924919683689.1564.78124


2020-019
Falcon 9 Block 5
Kennedy Space Center
2020 Mar 18, 12:16
Starlink-1279
2020-019A
45360
in space
One member of a simultaneously-launched cluster of sixty LEO Broadband communications satellites from SpaceX aimed ultimately at 550 km altitude.

All satellites were injected initially into similar orbits at 200-300 km altitude.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 26, 20:0066580.009521734390.1153.0079
2020 Jun 20, 04:0068180.000143944093.3753.0050
Falcon 9 upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 Mar 18
Life <1 day
Launched sixty Starlink satellites. Caused to re-enter the Earth's atmosphere about 80 mins after lift-off. Any surviving fragments hit the mid-western portion of the Pacific Ocean.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2020-020
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2020 Mar 21, 17:06
OneWeb 0066
2020-020A
45424
in space
Broadband distribution satellite for the UK company OneWeb.

One of 34 similar satellites carried on this launch

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 22, 19:2968260.002243346393.5587.40295
2020 Jun 21, 14:0069770.002358361596.6687.56318
Fregat rocket stage
Re-entered - 2020 Feb 7
Life <1 day
Launched cluster of OneWeb satellites. Released satellites in groups of 2/4 over the first 3.5 hrs after launch then caused to re-enter above south Alantic Ocean. Not catalogued.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2020-021
CZ 2C
Xichang Space Centre
2020 Mar 24, 03:43
Yaogan-30 16
2020-021A
45460
in space
One of a triplet of simultaneously-launched satellites described as being for "electromagnetic environment detection and related technological tests”. That may indicate they are electronic intelligence gathering satellites. The three satellites are spaced at 120º intervals around the orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 25, 01:4469750.000859160296.6235.00274
2020 Mar 28, 07:0469810.000859760896.7535.0110
2020 Mar 29, 16:4669880.001360061996.8935.0048
2020 Mar 31, 20:2369900.001660162396.9335.0079
2020 Apr 11, 03:0569770.000559560296.6635.00258
Yaogan-30 17
2020-021B
45461
in space
One of a triplet of simultaneously-launched satellites described as being for "electromagnetic environment detection and related technological tests”. That may indicate they are electronic intelligence gathering satellites. The three satellites are spaced at 120º intervals around the orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 24, 19:1869750.000859160296.6135.00272
2020 Mar 29, 04:1069780.000759560596.6934.991
2020 Mar 31, 15:2269820.000859861096.7735.0046
2020 Apr 11, 00:5669770.000359760196.6735.00190
Yaogan-30 18
2020-021C
45462
in space
One of a triplet of simultaneously-launched satellites described as being for "electromagnetic environment detection and related technological tests”. That may indicate they are electronic intelligence gathering satellites. The three satellites are spaced at 120º intervals around the orbit.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 25, 01:4469750.000859160296.6135.00275
CZ 2C upper stage
2020-021D
45463
in space
Launched cluster of three Yaogan-30 satellites. Perigee lowered after satellite release.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 25, 13:5568800.015139860694.6534.6877


2020-022
Atlas V 551
Cape Canaveral
2020 Mar 26, 20:18
TDO 2
2020-022A
45464
in space
12U Cubesat (4x3), possibly equipped with laser retro-reflectors for visual tracking. Purpose is for calibration of laser-based tracking equipment on the ground. Released from the Centaur aft bulkhead at 20:47 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 27, 07:01242090.728220135460624.7626.50180
USA 298 (AEHF 6)
2020-022B
45465
in space
Advanced Extremely High Frequency US military and government communications satellite. Lift-off was 81 minutes into a 120 minute launch window after a delay caused by a fault in an item of ground equipment. Separated from launch vehicle Mar 27, 01:59 UTC. Orbit raised in stages until Apr 6 when all activity ceased until Apr 24. Satellite then resumed orbit raising by frequent operation of a low power thruster.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Mar 27, 14:10297020.40361133635311849.0613.71180
2020 Mar 29, 16:59311070.34021414735311910.0312.51180
2020 Mar 30, 19:01332820.254018450353571007.1011.06180
2020 Apr 02, 22:42349670.192221868353111084.5610.33181
2020 Apr 06, 12:17368040.132725543353091171.149.64182
2020 Apr 24, 08:32368050.132625546353081171.179.60183
2020 Apr 28, 20:02370440.124826044352891182.629.51183
2020 May 08, 08:23374650.115226772354011202.819.31184
2020 May 18, 20:51380200.087628313349701229.628.99185
2020 May 28, 16:59386060.070529505349501258.158.69186
2020 Jun 07, 18:00391800.054130682349211286.338.34188
2020 Jun 17, 00:35395560.043531458348981304.908.24187
2020 Jun 29, 09:08398020.039831839350081317.078.10181
Atlas V upper stage (Centaur)
2020-022C
45466
in space
Launched USA 298 (AEHF 6) and TDO 2.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Mar 27, 14:01294590.41481086035302838.6713.43180


2020-023
Soyuz-2 1A
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2020 Apr 9, 08:05
Soyuz MS-16
2020-023A
45476
in space
Carrying crew to ISS - Anatoly Ivanishin & Ivan Vagner (Roscosmos) and Chris Cassidy (NASA). Third seat was originally allocated to Akihiko Hoshide (JAXA) but NASA planning during 2019 pushed him off the flight. Precise launch time 08:05:06 UTC. First use of Soyuz-2 1A for human spaceflight. Docked with Poisk module of ISS Apr 9 with soft dock at 14:13:21 UTC and hard dock about 2 min later.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit65830.001519521588.5951.6468
2020 Apr 09, 11:1166820.012821838990.5951.75181
2020 Apr 09, 14:2167990.000441842392.9851.65100
Soyuz upper stage
2020-023B
45477
Re-entered - 2020 Apr 12
Life 3 days
Launched Soyuz MS-16.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Apr 09, 12:3965850.001919422088.6451.6671


failed to reach orbit
CZ 3B
Xichang Space Centre
2020 Apr 9, 11:46
Palapa N1 (Nusantara 2)
Indonesian domestic comsat built by China. Unclear whether the company, Pasifik Satelit Nusantara, owned the satellite or planned to lease the transponders from China. Expected location - 113° east, replacing Palapa D1. Lost when the launch vehicle upper stage failed and re-entered the Earth's atmosphere above the western Pacific Ocean.


2020-024
Qased (Messenger)
Shahroud Test Centre, Dasht-e Kavir, Iran
2020 Apr 22, 03:58
Nour 1 (Light 1)
2020-024A
45529
in space
6U Cubesat - military satellite launched by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps, probably for low resolution Earth imaging.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Apr 23, 06:1168100.000742643693.2059.81232
Qased upper stage
2020-024B
45530
in space
Launched Nour 1.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Apr 23, 07:2568140.001342744593.2959.80213


2020-025
Falcon 9 Block 5
Cape Canaveral
2020 Apr 22, 19:30
Starlink-1329
2020-025A
45531
in space
One member of a simultaneously-launched cluster of sixty LEO Broadband communications satellites from SpaceX aimed ultimately at 550 km altitude.

All satellites were injected initially into similar orbits at 300 km altitude.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Apr 29, 16:0067030.005628836391.0353.0174
2020 May 01, 20:0067180.003131936191.3453.0185
2020 May 03, 04:0067280.001833736291.5353.0193
Falcon 9 upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 Apr 22
Life <1 day
Launched sixty Starlink satellites. Caused to re-enter the Earth's atmosphere about 80 mins after lift-off. Any surviving fragments hit the mid-western portion of the Pacific Ocean.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2020-026
Soyuz-2 1A
Baikonur Cosmodrome
2020 Apr 25, 01:51
Progress MS-14
2020-026A
45595
in space
Supplies to ISS. Docked with rear port of Zvezda Apr 25 at 05:11 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Apr 25, 01:4065860.002918922688.6551.6684
2020 Apr 25, 12:3867970.000241842092.9451.64187
Soyuz upper stage
5020-026B
45596
Re-entered - 2020 Apr 28
Life 3 days
Launched Progress MS-14.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Apr 25, 06:0565810.002518621988.5551.6666


 
JEM Small Satellite Orbital Deployer
International Space Station
2020 Apr 28, 15:20
G-SATELLITE (Gundam satellite)
1998-067RK
45597
in space
3U Cubesat to promote the (postponed) 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games. Intended to act as a bulletin board, and transmit video images of two miniature figures of Japanese animation characters, plus messages and voice recordings in their voices. The actual release time may have been 2-3 hours later than Quetzal. Effectively space rubbish as its purpose no longer exists, release from ISS not reported within Japan.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Apr 30, 13:4067940.000541342092.9051.64245
Quetzal 1
1998-067RL
45598
in space
1U Cubesat from Guatemala to test a multispectral sensor to acquire remote sensing data for natural resource management such as monitoring water quality in inland water bodies.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Apr 30, 13:4067950.000341541992.9251.65273


2020-027
CZ 5B
Wenchang Space Centre
2020 May 5, 10:00
New Generation Piloted Spacecraft
2020-027A
45599
Re-entered - 2020 May 8
Life 3 days Returned to Earth
Test version of new Chinese piloted spacecraft, no crew carried. Retro-fire was completed May 8, 04:21 UTC, followed by Crew Module separation at 05:33 UTC that led to landing at 05:49 UTC, approx 500 km east of Jiuquan Space Centre. Re-entry employed an Apollo/Zond type skip-lob to reduce loading from about 12G to about 5G when compared to a ballistic landing. The final orbit listed is based on a pre-launch description of the vehicle reaching approx 8,000 km altitude.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 May 05, 14:1266480.016216237789.9041.09168
2020 May 05, 18:4967990.028522761492.9841.12123
2020 May 05, 23:5868870.030529971994.8041.10102
2020 May 06, 15:0590280.25803214980142.2941.10104
2020 May 06, 21:5590240.25783204971142.1841.09105
2020 May 07, 01:0197780.29435236278160.3842.85112
estimated orbit105600.34505397825180.0042.85110
Inflatable Heat Shield Experiment
2020-027B
45600
Re-entered - 2020 May 6
Life 1 day
Test of version of lightweight cargo return vehicle for use with planned Chinese space station. Fitted with a 3m diameter, conical, inflatable heat shield. Released from service module of main spacecraft shortly after reaching orbit and expected to re-enter May 6 to make a landing at approx 05:20 UTC - about 600 km east of the Jiuquan Space Centre. A problem during descent from orbit meant that the experiment failed.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 May 05, 17:1966450.015916237389.8641.10170
CZ 5B core stage
2020-027C
45601
Re-entered - 2020 May 11
Life 6 days
Launched spacecraft test mission. Major aim of launch was to prove the vehicle for launching elements of China's planned space station.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 May 05, 14:1266430.016115837289.8041.10167


2020-028
Kuaizho 1A
Jiuquan Space Centre
2020 May 12, 01:16
Xingyun-2 01
2020-028A
45602
in space
One of a simultaneosly-launched pair of internet comsats. Technical verification vehicle as a precursor to a planned constellation of eighty satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 May 12, 09:0969430.001255757395.9697.5526607:35
Xingyun-2 02
2020-028B
45603
in space
One of a simultaneosly-launched pair of internet comsats. Technical verification vehicle as a precursor to a planned constellation of eighty satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 May 12, 07:3369430.001155757295.9597.5526707:35
Kuaizhou 1A upper stage
2020-028C
45604
Re-entered - 2020 Jul 8
Life 57 days
Launched pair of Xingyun satellites. Orbit perigee lowered after releasing satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 May 12, 05:4769400.057916096395.8997.565


2020-029
Atlas V 501
Cape Canaveral
2020 May 17, 13:14
USA 299 (OTV-6, X-37B#1 Flight 3)
2020-029A
45606
in space
Flight of USAF/Boeing X-37B space plane. First to be equipped with a service module. Launch delayed from May 16 by weather. The first orbit listed is an estimate, subsequent orbits are based on amateur observation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 May 17, 13:1867310.001234436191.5944.9570
2020 May 31, 01:3467670.000238839192.3444.96104
USA 300 (FalconSAT 8?)
2020-029B
45610
in space
Small satellite released from USA 299, probably from the trunk section and probably 2020 May 28 or May 29. FalconSAT 8 (identification to be confirmed) carries five experiments/demonstrations built by cadets at the US Air Force Academy.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit67670.000238839192.3444.96104
Atlas upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 May 17
Life <1 day
Launched USA 299 (OTV-6/X-37B). Caused to re-enter above southern Indian Ocean about 55 minutes after launch.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2020-030
H-IIB (F-9)
Tanegashima Space Centre
2020 May 20, 17:31
HTV-9 (Kounotori 9)
2020-030A
45607
in space
Japanese supply vehicle to the ISS. Captured by ISS Remote Manipulator operated by the crew on May 25 at 12:13 UTC. Docked under ground control with the downward-facing port of Harmony module at 14:46 UTC. All securing bolts were in place by 15:25 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 May 20, 22:5966220.008618730189.3951.67314
2020 May 21, 07:5566720.001228530290.3951.70253
2020 May 25, 05:0767850.001239941692.7151.65355
2020 May 25, 09:4667970.000241742092.9451.64350
2020 May 26, 08:5967970.000241742092.9451.64355
H-IIB upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 May 20
Life <1 day
Launched HTV-9. Caused to re-enter above the southern Pacific Ocean about 35 minutes after launch.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2020-031
Soyuz-2 1B + Fregat
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
2020 May 22, 07:31
Cosmos 2546 (EKS 4/Tundra 4)
2020-031A
45608
in space
EKS missile early warning satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 May 23, 08:52264590.6964165438507713.8563.82270
2020 Jun 02, 18:58264950.6965166438570715.3363.81270
2020 Jun 05, 09:42265300.6967166938636716.7663.80270
2020 Jun 07, 07:01265510.6970166838679717.6163.81270
Soyuz upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 May 22
Life <1 day
Launched Cosmos 2546 (EKS 4). Trajectory was sub-orbital and it re-entered above the southern Pacific Ocean.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable
Fregat rocket stage
2020-031B
45609
in space
Launched Cosmos 2546 (EKS 4).

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 May 23, 08:35264850.6960167338540714.9163.84270


failed to reach orbit
LauncherOne
Boeing 747, Pacific Ocean off California
2020 May 25, 18:50
Dummy Payload
Carried on first orbital test mission by Virgin Orbit air launched rocket. Lost when the launch vehicle shut down following release from Boeing 747 and shortly after ignition. Aimed at an orbit with about 63° inclination. Launch time may have been 18:49 UTC.


2020-032
CZ 11
Xichang Space Centre
2020 May 29, 20:13
XJS-G (New Technology Test Satellite - G)
2020-032A
45611
in space
One of a pair of simultaneously launched satellites designed to test inter-satellite communication network links and test new Earth observation technologies. Catalogue Number and Designation subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 May 30, 20:0568550.001346848694.1435.04303
2020 Jun 03, 09:5768540.001846448994.1335.04346
XJS-H (New Technology Test Satellite - H)
2020-032B
45612
in space
One of a pair of simultaneously launched satellites designed to test inter-satellite communication network links and test new Earth observation technologies. Catalogue Number and Designation subject to confirmation.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 May 30, 13:3668540.001446648694.1335.03308
CZ 11 upper stage
2020-032C
45613
in space
Launched pair of XJS satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 May 30, 19:1468550.001446748694.1435.03307
2020 Jun 02, 06:0168540.001546648694.1335.03323


2020-033
Falcon 9 Block 5
Kennedy Space Center
2020 May 30, 19:22
Crew Dragon Demo 2 (Endeavour)
2020-033A
45623
in space
First mission to carry a crew, on the vehicle's final test flight. Commercial mission to ISS by SpaceX. Crew of NASA astronauts Douglas Hurley (spacecraft commander) and Robert Behnken. Docked with the forward-facing port of the Harmony module May 31 at 16:16 UTC with hard docking at 14:20 UTC. Hooks and larches were engaged a few minutes later.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 May 30, 19:4665780.001619021188.5051.64359
2020 May 30, 20:2466450.008421132389.8551.62212
2020 May 30, 22:4567840.000740141092.6751.64217
2020 May 31, 01:5967860.000240740992.7351.65205
2020 May 31, 06:3767970.000241742092.9451.6414
Falcon 9 upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 May 30
Life <1 day
Launched Crew Dragon Demo 2 mission. Caused to re-enter above the southern Indian Ocean about 55 minutes after launch.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2020-034
CZ 2D
Jiuquan Space Centre
2020 May 31, 08:53
Gaofen 9-02
2020-034A
45624
in space
Carries a high-resolution optical system. It will support a remote sensing programme based on LEO and GEO satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 May 31, 23:1368710.001248550194.4797.2827915:14
Head 4
2020-034B
45625
in space
Application satellite from Head Aerospace in the Skywalker constellation, carrying an AIS receiver and providing communications between internet-connected devices.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 May 31, 14:5968730.001248750394.5197.2827115:14
CZ 2D upper stage

Re-entered - 2020 May 31
Life <1 day
Launched Gaofen 9-02 and Head 4. Caused to re-enter after releasing satellites.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2020-035
Falcon 9 Block 5
Cape Canaveral
2020 Jun 4, 01:35
Starlink-1440
2020-035A
45657
in space
One member of a simultaneously-launched cluster of sixty LEO Broadband communications satellites from SpaceX aimed ultimately at 550 km altitude.

All satellites were injected initially into similar orbits at 200-300 km altitude.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jun 11, 20:0066640.010421735590.2453.0079
Falcon 9 upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 Jun 4
Life <1 day
Launched cluster of Starlink satellites. Caused to re-enter above western Pacific Ocean about 90 mins after launch.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2020-036
CZ 2C
Taiyuan Space Centre
2020 Jun 10, 18:31
Haiyang 1D (Ocean 1D)
2020-036A
45721
in space
Oceanographic studies satellite equipped with an ocean colour temperature scanner and an imaging system to study coastal zones.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Jun 11, 02:1971560.0011770785100.4098.4426601:38
CZ 2C upper stage
2020-036B
45722
in space
Launched Haiyang 1D. Perigee lowered after releasing satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jun 10, 21:4071160.005569977799.5798.5479


2020-037
Electron
Rocket Lab LC-1, New Zealand
2020 Jun 13, 05:12
USA 301
2020-037A
45723
in space
Small satellite launched under National Reconnaissance Office 'Rapid Acquisition of a Small Rocket' process. Mission details not available but may raise orbit. Orbit details are classified.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
estimated orbit69630.000758059096.3897.7027018:03
USA 302
2020-037B
45724
in space
Small satellite launched under National Reconnaissance Office 'Rapid Acquisition of a Small Rocket' process. Mission details not available but may raise orbit. Orbit details are classified.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
estimated orbit69630.000758059096.3897.7027018:03
USA 303
2020-037C
45725
in space
Small satellite launched under National Reconnaissance Office 'Rapid Acquisition of a Small Rocket' process. Mission details not available but may raise orbit. Orbit details are classified.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
estimated orbit69630.000758059096.3897.7027018:03
ANDESITE (nonsensical acronym)
2020-037D
45726
in space
6U Cubesat created by students and staff at Boston University under NASA's CubeSat Launch Initiative. Earth magnetic field studies, carrying eight subsidiary pico satellites that will be ejected at intervals and in pairs to provide a long baseline for observations. They are equipped to track electric currents flowing in and out of the atmosphere and relay data back to the parent satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jun 18, 11:2669700.001358360196.5297.71285
M2 Pathfinder
2020-037E
45727
in space
3U Cubesat from the University of New South Wales Canberra Space, built for the Royal Australian Air Force to test systems for a future military satellite. Among other, undisclosed, tasks the satellite will demonstrate the ability of a software-based radio to operate and be reconfigured while in orbit. It may also carry an Earth-imaging system and an AIS receiver to monitor shipping locations.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Jun 18, 11:3069720.001258660296.5797.7030017:33
Electron kick stage
2020-037F
45728
in space
Launched cluster of small satellites. Orbit details are classified.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit69630.001457559596.3897.70270
Electron upper stage
2020-037G
45729
Re-entered - 2020 Jul 8
Life 25 days
Launched cluster of small satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit67710.029219559092.4197.70270
2020 Jun 30, 16:1666800.019217343090.5597.72161


2020-038
Falcon 9 Block 5
Cape Canaveral
2020 Jun 13, 09:21
Starlink-1461
2020-038A
45730
in space
One member of a simultaneously-launched cluster of fifty eight LEO Broadband communications satellites from SpaceX aimed ultimately at 550 km altitude. Separated from launch vehicle about 38 minutes after lift-off.

All satellites were injected initially into similar orbits at 200-300 km altitude.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jun 17, 22:0066700.010522236190.3553.0066
Skysat 16 (Skysat C14)
2020-038BL
45788
in space
Commercial Earth-imaging satellite from Planet Labs providing high resolution images and video. Released from launch vehicle about 12 min after lift-off.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jun 16, 13:5966650.011321236290.2553.0062
Skysat 18 (Skysat C16)
2020-038BM
45789
in space
Commercial Earth-imaging satellite from Planet Labs providing high resolution images and video. Released from launch vehicle about 12 min after lift-off.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jun 17, 20:0366650.011221236290.2553.0067
Skysat 17 (Skysat C15)
2020-038BN
45790
in space
Commercial Earth-imaging satellite from Planet Labs providing high resolution images and video. Released from launch vehicle about 12 min after lift-off.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jun 17, 11:0266660.011121436290.2753.0065
Falcon 9 upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 Jun 13
Life <1 day
Launched cluster of Skysat and Starlink satellites. Caused to re-enter above western Pacific Ocean around 90 mins after launch.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2020-039
CZ 2D
Jiuquan Space Centre
2020 Jun 17, 07:19
Gaofen 9-03
2020-039A
45794
in space
Carries a high-resolution optical system. It will support a remote sensing programme based on LEO and GEO satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Jun 17, 21:2968730.001248750394.5297.3226313:39
2020 Jun 20, 07:3968700.001648150394.4697.3227213:39
ZP 3 (Zhejiang University Pi Satellite 3)
2020-039B
45795
in space
Small satellite described as testing pico-satellite and nano-satellite technologies.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Jun 18, 03:4268720.001248650394.5097.3226713:39
Head 5
2020-039C
45796
in space
Application satellite from Head Aerospace in the Skywalker constellation, carrying an AIS receiver and providing communications between internet-connected devices.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Jun 17, 21:2968710.001348550294.4897.3227613:39
CZ 2D upper stage

Re-entered - 2020 Jun 17
Life <1 day
Launched Gaofen 9-03, Head 4 and ZP-3. Caused to re-enter soon after releasing satellites.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


 
Dextre Arm + Kaber Micro Satellite Deployer
International Space Station
2020 Jun 17, 17:50
RedEye 2 (Merlot)
1998-067RM
45800
in space
Small satellite from DARPA, possibly for testing inter-satellite communication links.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jun 19, 17:3267960.000241741992.9351.6475


2020-040
CZ 3B
Xichang Space Centre
2020 Jun 23, 01:43
Beidou-3 G-3
2020-040A
45807
in space
Phase 2 operational satellite in China's navigation satellite system. It also provides time and messaging services for the Asia-Pacific region. Final satellite required to complete the Beidou system. Probably manoeuvred to geosynchronous drift orbit by Jun 25 and arrived on station by Jun 30.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
GEO    
Longitude
2020 Jun 23, 14:41243830.729521835791631.5228.42180
2020 Jul 06, 16:57421650.000535764358091436.103.08349111° east
CZ 3B upper stage
2020-040B
45808
in space
Launched Beidou-3 G-3. Orbit lowered after releasing satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jun 23, 07:14236580.722419034370603.5728.41179


 
Dextre Arm + Kaber Micro Satellite Deployer
International Space Station
2020 Jun 23, 21:10
RedEye 3 (Cabernet)
1998-067RN
45809
in space
Small satellite from DARPA, possibly for testing inter-satellite communication links.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jun 24, 20:2067960.000241641992.9351.6560


2020-041
Falcon 9 Block 5
2020 Jun 30, 20:10
USA 304 (GPS IIIA SV03)
2020-041A
45854
in space
Block 3 GPS Navsat.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jul 01, 21:27166770.594438620211357.2254.99270
Falcon 9 upper stage
2020-041B
Re-entered - 2020 Jul 1
Life 1 day
Launched USA 304. An engine firing at first apogee of its HEO caused destructive re-entry above the Indian Ocean, near perigee and about 6.5 hrs, 1.25 circuits, after launch.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2020-042
CZ 4B
Taiyuan Space Centre
2020 Jul 3, 03:10
Gaofen Multi-mode 1
2020-042A
45856
in space
Extremely high resolution, multi-spectral Earth imaging satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Jul 03, 06:1870180.001363164997.5198.0126710:26
BY70-2 (Xibaipo)
2020-042B
45857
in space
2U Cubesat from the China Association for Science and Technology, in conjunction with Xibaipo High School, carrying an educational payload consisting of an imaging system an amateur radio system.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jul 03, 12:2370200.001063564897.5598.01254
CZ 4B upper stage
2020-042C
45858
in space
Launched Gaofen Multi-mode 1 and Xibaipo. Orbit perigee lowered after releasing satellites.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jul 03, 14:2268940.018339064294.9597.987


failed to reach orbit
Electron
Rocket Lab LC-1, New Zealand
2020 Jul 3, 21:19
CE-Sat-1B (Canon Electric Satellite 1B)
Experimental Earth imaging microsatellite developed and built by Canon Electronics. Cameras are engineered versions of commercial camera models built by Canon. Lost when Electron launch vehicle second stage failed.
Flock 4e (five satellites)
3U Cubesat, Planet's Flock 4e cluster of five second generation imaging satellites. Lost when Electron launch vehicle second stage failed.
Faraday 1
6U Cubesat from In-Space Missions of the UK, providing hosted payload space for six unidentified customers. Lost when Electron launch vehicle second stage failed.


2020-043
CZ 2D
Jiuquan Space Centre
2020 Jul 4, 23:44
Shiyan 6-2
2020-043A
45859
in space
Described as being for space environment studies and related technology experiments.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
desc node
local time
2020 Jul 05, 04:4570740.001468670698.6998.2026106:00
CZ 2D upper stage

Re-entered - 2020 Jul 5
Life 1 day
Launched Shiyan 6-2. Caused to re-enter after releasing satellite.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


2020-044
Shavit 2
Palmachim AFB
2020 Jul 6, 01:00
Ofeq 16
2020-044A
45860
in space
Israeli electro-optical reconnaissance satellite to monitor the Middle East from highly retrograde orbit, possible replacement for Ofeq 11 (41759/2016-056A).

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
estimated orbit68690.016138060294.42141.9671
Shavit upper stage
2020-044B
45861
in space
Launched Ofeq 16.
Classified object - orbit data withheld


2020-045
CZ 3B
Xichang Space Centre
2020 Jul 9, 12:11
Apstar 6D
2020-045A
45863
in space
Commercial comsat owned by APT Mobile SatCom to provide satellite broadband telecommunications services for airborne, shipborne and other mobile applications.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2020 Jul 10, 00:30243720.729321935768631.0928.44180
CZ 3B upper stage
Re-entered - 2020 Jul 10
Life 1 day
Launched Apstar 6D. Probably fired engine at first apogee of transfer orbit, causing perigee to dip into the atmosphere and leading to destructive re-entry above the central Pacific Ocean about 11 hrs after launch. Re-entry to be confirmed.
Not Catalogued - orbit parameters unavailable


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