Zarya - Soviet, Russian and International Spaceflight
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The DOS Space Stations


Tyneside, UK
2018 Dec 10
Monday, Day 344

Maintained by:









Salyut 1




Salyut 4




Salyut 6




Salyut 7




The next Salyut gets a new name
First Expedition to Salyut 7 - 1982

Salyut 7's arrival in orbit heralded five major blocks of activity. The Soviet Union was still adhering to a policy of avoiding missions that ran over winter. This was because of potential problems caused by the weather either at launch or for spacecraft landings. These took place in central Asia, deep inside the continental land mass where sub-zero winter temperatures are the norm.

Salyut71982 saw a single crew occupancy setting a 211 day endurance while receiving a succession of visiting crews and re-supply missions using the Progress spacecraft. One new face was the Soviet Union's second female cosmonaut - Svetlana Savitskaya.

Two of the Chelomei Design Bureau's large TKS spacecraft also visited on separate occasions. The first was Cosmos 1443 during 1983 and it was followed by Cosmos 1686 in 1985. Between then they brought more than eight tonnes of cargo to the station and Cosmos 1443 returned samples and experimental material to Earth.

Cosmos 1686 was still attached to the space station when it re-entered the atmosphere earlier than expected in 1991.


Date Time (UTC) Event
1982 Apr 19 19:45 Salyut 7 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Proton rocket into 213 x 261 kilometre orbit at 51.6 degrees inclination
1982 May 5 Salyut 7 established in 346 x 347 kilometre, operational orbit
1982 May 13 09:58 Soyuz T-5 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 192 x 231 kilometre orbit with Anatoly Berezovoi and Valentin Lebedev aboard
1982 May 14 11:35 Soyuz T-5 docks at the forward port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 343 x 346 kilometres
1982 May 17 11:07 Iskra 2, experimental amateur-radio satellite, ejected through Salyut 7 waste disposal hatch into 336 x 345 kilometre orbit
1982 May 23 05:57 Progress 13 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 175 x 240 kilometre orbit
1982 May 25 07:57 Progress 13 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 338 x 343 kilometres
1982 Jun 2 Firings of Progress 13 manoeuvring engine are used to lower Salyut 7 orbit to 291 x 321 kilometres in preparation for the Soyuz T-6 mission
1982 Jun 4 06:31 Progress 13 undocks
1982 Jun 6 00:05 Progress 13 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry
1982 Jun 6 00:50 Approx time - Progress 13 enters the Earth atmosphere above the southern Pacific Ocean and is destroyed by frictional heating
1982 Jun 24 16:29 Soyuz T-6 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 189 x 233 kilometre orbit with Vladimir Dzhanibekov, Aleksandr Ivanchenkev and Jean-Loup Chretien (France) aboard
1982 Jun 25 17:46 Soyuz T-6 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7, fourteen minutes earlier than planned due to a computer problem - orbit is 283 x 306 kilometers
1982 Jul 2 11:03 Soyuz T-6 undocks with the Soviet/French crew aboard
1982 Jul 2 14:20 Soyuz T-6 lands - 65 kilometres north-east of Arkalyk
1982 Jul 9 Iskra 2 - the satellite released from Salyut 7, 1982 May 17, enters the Earth atmosphere as a result of natural decay of the orbit through air drag, and is destroyed by frictional heating
1982 Jul 10 09:58 Progress 14 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 186 x 242 kilometre orbit
1982 Jul 12 11:41 Progress 14 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 301 x 325 kilometres
1982 Jul 30 02:39 Berezovoi and Lebedev start space walk to retrieve experimental samples from the outside of Salyut 7
1982 Jul 30 05:12 Berezovoi and Lebedev complete space walk after 2 hr-33 min
1982 Aug 10 22:11 Progress 14 undocks
1982 Aug 13 01:29 Progress 14 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry
1982 Aug 13 02:15 Approx time - Progress 14 enters the Earth atmosphere above the southern Pacific Ocean and is destroyed by frictional heating
1982 Aug 19 17:11 Soyuz T-7 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 228 x 280 kilometre orbit with Leonid Popov, Aleksandr Serebrov and Svetlana Savitskaya (second ever female cosmonaut) aboard
1982 Aug 20 18:32 Soyuz T-7 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 308 x 332 kilometres
1982 Aug 27 11:43 Soyuz T-5 undocks with the Soyuz T-7 crew aboard
1982 Aug 27 15:04 Soyuz T-5 lands
1982 Aug 29 14:47 Berezovoi and Lebedev undock Soyuz T-7, wait for Salyut 7 to execute a 180 degree turn, and re-dock with the forward port of Salyut 7 - the operation takes approx 20 minutes
1982 Sep 18 04:59 Progress 15 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 190 x 230 kilometre orbit
1982 Sep 20 06:12 Progress 15 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 313 x 333 kilometres
1982 Oct 14 13:46 Progress 15 undocks
1982 Oct 16 17:18 Progress 15 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry
1982 Oct 16 18:05 Approx time - Progress 15 enters the Earth atmosphere above the southern Pacific Ocean and is destroyed by frictional heating
1982 Oct 31 11:20 Progress 16 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 286 x 245 kilometre orbit, its cargo includes a small satellite - Iskra 3
1982 Nov 2 13:22 Progress 16 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 355 x 364 kilometres
1982 Nov 18 Iskra-3, experimental amateur-radio satellite, ejected through Salyut 7 waste disposal hatch into 345 x 346 kilometre orbit
1982 Dec 10 15:45 Approx time - Soyuz T-7 undocks with Berezovoi and Lebedev aboard
1982 Dec 10 19:02 Soyuz T-7 lands -190 kilometres east of Dzhezhkazgan - Berezovoi and Lebedev have set a new, 211 day, space-flight duration record
1982 Dec 13 15:32 Progress 16 undocks
1982 Dec 14 17:17 Progress 16 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry
1982 Dec 14 18:00 Approx time - Progress 16 enters the Earth atmosphere above the southern Pacific Ocean and is destroyed by frictional heating
1982 Dec 18 Iskra 3 - the satellite released from Salyut 7, 1982 Nov 18 - re-enters the Earth atmosphere as a result of natural decay of the orbit through air drag, and is destroyed by frictional heating
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