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The DOS Space Stations


Tyneside, UK
2018 Jul 17
Tuesday, Day 198

Maintained by:









Salyut 1




Salyut 4




Salyut 6




Salyut 7




The next Salyut gets a new name
Second Expedition to Salyut 7 - 1983

1983 was a less than successful year for Salyut 7's mission planners. It started and finished badly.

First - Soyuz T-8 failed to dock as a result of the pylon supporting its rendezvous radar aerial having been damaged during launch, possibly by the Soyuz rocket's shroud as it pulled away during the ascent to orbit. Had the mission been successful then we would probably have seen a new endurance record, beating the 211 days by Valentin Lebedev and Anatoly Berezovoi the previous year.

Later in the year, the mission that was intended to be Soyuz T-10 failed when the Soyuz rocket caught fire on the launch pad. The crew and their cabin was pulled clear by the Soyuz emergency escape rocket. They landed heavily some four to five kilometres from the launch pad.

Date Time (UTC) Event
1983 Mar 2 09:30 Cosmos 1443, a 20 tonne spacecraft carrying cargo, launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Proton rocket into 189 x 257 kilometre orbit
1983 Mar 10 09:20 Cosmos 1443 docks at the forward port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 292 x 331 kilometres
1983 Apr 20 13:10 Soyuz T-8 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 196 x 213 kilometre orbit with Vladimir Titov, Gennady Strekalov and Aleksandr Serebrov aboard
1983 Apr 21 Soyuz T-8 approaches Salyut 7 but fails to dock because of an inoperative radar system - damage was caused to its rendezvous radar mast during the launch - Soyuz T-8 orbit after the docking attempt is 285 x 304 kilometres, Salyut 7 orbit is 287 x 300 kilometres
1983 Apr 22 13:29 Soyuz T-8 lands - 60 kilometres north-east of Arkalyk
1983 Jun 27 09:12 Soyuz T-9 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 197 x 227 kilometre orbit with Vladimir Lyakhov and Aleksandr Aleksandrov aboard
1983 Jun 28 10:46 Soyuz T-9 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 324 x 336 kilometres
1983 Aug 14 14:04 Cosmos 1443 undocks from Salyut 7
1983 Aug 16 14:25 Lyakhov and Aleksandrov undock Soyuz T-9, wait for Salyut 7 to execute a 180 degree turn, and re-dock with the forward port of Salyut 7
1983 Aug 17 12:08 Progress 17 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 189 x 241 kilometre orbit
1983 Aug 19 13:47 Progress 17 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 319 x 340 kilometres
1983 Aug 23 11:02 Cosmos 1443 re-entry vehicle, containing equipment and experimental material to be returned to Earth, separates from the main part of the spacecraft
1983 Aug 23 Cosmos 1443 re-entry vehicle fires its retro rocket, enters the Earth atmosphere and lands in Khazakhstan by parachute
1983 Sep 17 11:44 Progress 17 undocks
1983 Sep 17 23:43 Progress 17 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry
1983 Sep 18 00:30 Approx time - Progress 17 enters the Earth atmosphere above the southern Pacific Ocean and is destroyed by frictional heating
1983 Sep 19 00:23 Cosmos 1443 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry
1983 Sep 19 01:10 Approx time - Cosmos 1443 enters the Earth atmosphere above the southern Pacific Ocean and is destroyed by frictional heating
1983 Sep 27 19:38 A Soyuz T launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome fails when the Soyuz rocket catches fire - cosmonauts Vladimir Titov and Gennady Strekalov use the Soyuz escape rocket system to pull the crew cabin clear of the pad before the launcher explodes - they land heavily about 5 kilometres away. If successful, the vehicle would have been called Soyuz T-10. In some histories it is referred to as Soyuz T-10-1.
1983 Oct 20 09:59 Progress 18 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 184 x 242 kilometre orbit
1983 Oct 22 11:34 Progress 18 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 318 x 357 kilometres
1983 Nov 1 04:47 Lyakhov and Aleksandrov start space walk to add banks of solar cells to Salyut 7 upper solar panel
1983 Nov 1 07:37 Lyakhov and Aleksandrov complete space walk after 2 hr-50 min
1983 Nov 3 03:47 Lyakhov and Aleksandrov start space walk to complete installation of solar cells
1983 Nov 3 06:42 Lyakhov and Aleksandrov complete space walk after 2 hr-55 min
1983 Nov 13 03:08 Progress 18 undocks
1983 Nov 16 04:18 Progress 18 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry
1983 Nov 16 04:18 Approx time - Progress 18 enters the Earth atmosphere above the southern Pacific Ocean and is destroyed by frictional heating
1983 Nov 23 16:40 Soyuz T-9 undocks with Lyakhov and Aleksandrov aboard
1983 Nov 23 19:58 Soyuz T-9 lands - 160 kilometres east of Dzhezhkazgan, after 150 days in space
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