Zarya - Soviet, Russian and International Spaceflight
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The DOS Space Stations


Tyneside, UK
2018 Dec 10
Monday, Day 344

Maintained by:









Salyut 1




Salyut 4




Salyut 6




Salyut 7




The next Salyut gets a new name
Third Expedition to Salyut 7 - 1984

The year was a distinct improvement on 1983 - major success all the way through: Cosmonauts Kizim, Atkov and Solovyov set a new endurance record of 236 days, something that had been planned for 1983 but was curtailed by the Soyuz T-8 failure to dock.

Operationally, everything seemed to go by the book with the long stay crew playing host to two sets of visitors including Rakesh Sharma of India. The Soviet-Indian launch was a live television event.

Svetlana Savitskaya made a second trip into space and became the first woman to take part in an EVA when she stepped outside Salyut 7 with Vladimir Dzhanibekov.

There was serious work to be done in order to stem a leak in Salyut 7's rocket motor system. No less than five EVAs were needed to effect the necessary repairs.

Date Time (UTC) Event
1984 Feb 8 12:07 Soyuz T-10 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 198 x 219 kilometre orbit with cosmonauts Leonid Kizim, Vladimir Solovyev and Oleg Atkov aboard
1984 Feb 9 14:43 Soyuz T-10 docks at the forward port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 289 x 297 kilometres
1984 Feb 21 06:46 Progress 19 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 185 x 245 kilometre orbit
1984 Feb 23 08:21 Progress 19 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 282 x 286 kilometres
1984 Mar 31 09:40 Progress 19 undocks
1984 Apr 1 18:18 Progress 19 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry
1984 Apr 1 19:05 Approx time - Progress 19 enters the Earth atmosphere above the southern Pacific Ocean and is destroyed by frictional heating
1984 Apr 3 13:08 Soyuz T-11 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 196 x 223 kilometre orbit with cosmonauts Yuri Malyshev, Gennady Strekalov and Rakesh Sharma (India) aboard
1984 Apr 4 14:31 Soyuz T-11 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 284 x 296 kilometres
1984 Apr 11 07:33 Soyuz T-10 undocks with the Soviet/Indian crew aboard
1984 Apr 11 10:48 Soyuz T-10 lands - 46 kilometres east of Arkalyk
1984 Apr 13 10:27 Kizim, Solovyev and Atkov undock Soyuz T-11, wait for Salyut 7 to execute a 180 degree turn, and re-dock at the forward port of Salyut 7
1984 Apr 15 08:13 Progress 20 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 186 x 260 kilometre orbit
1984 Apr 17 09:22 Progress 20 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 278 x 290 kilometres
1984 Apr 23 04:31 Kizim and Solovyev start a space walk to repair a leak in an oxidiser line feeding Salyut 7 rocket engines - Progress 20 design includes a special platform to simplify access to the rear of Salyut 7
1984 Apr 23 08:46 Kizim and Solovyev complete space walk after 4 hr-15 min
1984 Apr 26 02:40 Kizim and Solovyev start a space walk to continue the engine repairs
1984 Apr 26 07:36 Kizim and Solovyev complete space walk after 4 hr-56 min
1984 Apr 29 01:35 Kizim and Solovyev start space walk to continue the engine repairs
1984 Apr 29 04:20 Kizim and Solovyev complete space walk after start 2 hr-45 min
1984 May 3 23:15 Kizim and Solovyev start space walk to continue the engine repairs (the work was finalised on Aug 8)
1984 May 4 02:30 Kizim and Solovyev complete space walk after 2 hr-45 min
1984 May 6 17:46 Progress 20 undocks
1984 May 7 00:32 Progress 20 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry
1984 May 7 01:15 Approx time - Progress 20 enters the Earth atmosphere above the southern Pacific Ocean and is destroyed by frictional heating
1984 May 7 22:47 Progress 21 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 190 x 243 kilometre orbit
1984 May 10 00:10 Progress 21 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 276 x 316 kilometres
1984 May 18 17:52 Kizim and Solovyev start a space walk to add extra banks of solar cells to the right hand (when facing forward) of Salyut 7 three solar panels
1984 May 18 20:57 Kizim and Solovyev complete space walk after 3 hr-5 min
1984 May 26 09:41 Progress 21 undocks
1984 May 26 15:01 Progress 21 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry
1984 May 26 15:45 Approx time - Progress 21 enters the Earth atmosphere above the southern Pacific Ocean and is destroyed by frictional heating
1984 May 28 14:13 Progress 22 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 188 x 244 kilometre orbit
1984 May 30 15:47 Progress 22 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 334 x 358 kilometres
1984 Jul 15 13:36 Progress 22 undocks
1984 Jul 15 18:52 Progress 22 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry
1984 Jul 15 19:35 Approx time - Progress 22 enters the Earth atmosphere above the southern Pacific Ocean and is destroyed by frictional heating
1984 Jul 17 17:40 Soyuz T-12 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 198 x 225 kilometre orbit with Vladimir Dzhanibekov, Svetlana Savitskaya and Igor Volk (Buran test pilot)
1984 Jul 18 19:17 Soyuz T-12 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 334 x 354 kilometres
1984 Jul 25 14:55 Dzhanibekov and Savitskaya (the first woman to do so) start space walk to perform a number of technical experiments
1984 Jul 25 18:30 Dzhanibekov and Savitskaya complete space walk after 3 hr-35 min
1984 Jul 29 09:38 Soyuz T-12 undocks with its original crew of Dzhanibekov, Savitskaya and Volk aboard
1984 Jul 29 12:55 Soyuz T-12 lands - 140 kilometres south-east of Dzhezhkazgan
1984 Aug 8 08:46 Kizim and Solovyev start space walk to perform the final elements of repair work on Salyut 7 rocket engines
1984 Aug 8 13:46 Approx time - Kizim and Solovyev complete space walk after about 5 hrs
1984 Aug 14 06:28 Progress 23 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 186 x 250 kilometre orbit
1984 Aug 16 08:11 Progress 23 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 341 x 369 kilometres
1984 Aug 26 16:13 Progress 23 undocks
1984 Aug 28 01:28 Progress 23 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry
1984 Aug 28 02:15 Approx time - Progress 23 enters the Earth atmosphere above the southern Pacific Ocean and is destroyed by frictional heating
1984 Oct 2 07:38 Soyuz T-11 undocks with Kizim, Solovyev and Atkov aboard
1984 Oct 2 10:56 Soyuz T-11 lands - 145 kilometres south-east of Dzhezhkazgan - Kizim, Solovyev and Atkov have set a new space endurance record of 237 days
1985 Jun 21 00:40 Progress 24 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 190 x 240 kilometre orbit
1985 Jun 23 02:54 Progress 24 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 354 x 360 kilometres
1985 Jul 15 12:28 Progress 24 undocks
1985 Jul 15 22:34 Progress 24 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry
1985 Jul 15 23:10 Approx time - Progress 24 enters the Earth atmosphere above the southern Pacific Ocean and is destroyed by frictional heating
1985 Jul 19 13:05 Cosmos 1669, a Progress type cargo-ferry, launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 188 x 246 kilometre orbit
1985 Jul 21 15:05 Cosmos 1669 docks at the aft port of Salyut 7 - orbit is 354 x 358 kilometres
1985 Aug 8 08:46 Dzhanibekov and Savinikh start space walk to add extra banks of solar cells to Salyut 7 left hand (when facing forward) solar panel
1985 Aug 8 13:46 Approx time - Dzhanibekov and Savinikh complete space walk after about 5 hrs
1985 Aug 28 21:50 Cosmos 1669 undocks for a second and final time, having already flown freely for a short time and re-docked as part of a systems test
1985 Aug 30 01:20 Cosmos 1669 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry
1985 Aug 30 02:05 Approx time - Cosmos 1669 enters the Earth atmosphere above the southern Pacific Ocean and is destroyed by frictional heating
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