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Mir Space Station


Tyneside, UK
2018 Jul 23
Monday, Day 204

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Mir Diary - 1991

A Chronology of mission events in orbit and on the ground. Mir existed for fifteen years growing from the original 20 tonne core module to a massive 130+ tonnes.

Date Time (UTC) Event
1991 Jan 7 17:03 Afanasev and Manarov start a space walk to continue repairs the Kvant 2 hatch - they are equipped with new tools and succeed in replacing the damaged hinge, they then attach a fitment to Mir hull in preparation for mounting a crane on the exterior of the station
1991 Jan 7 22:21 Afanasev and Manarov finish their space walk after 5 hrs 18 mins
1991 Jan 14 14:50 Progress M-6 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 188 x 205 kilometre orbit at 51.6 degrees inclination
1991 Jan 16 16:35 Progress M-6 docks at the Mir complex Kvant docking port - orbit is 363 x 398 kilometres - its cargo includes a crane to be mounted on the outside of the space station
1991 Jan 23 10:59 Afanasev and Manarov start a space walk to attach a new crane to Mir hull crane
1991 Jan 23 16:32 Afanasev and Manarov finish their space walk after 5 hrs 33 mins
1991 Jan 26 09:00 Afanasev and Manarov start a space walk to attach mountings to the outside of Kvant in order to accept solar panels which will be moved from Kristall during a subsequent space walk - they also install components of a rangefinder to be used during a planned visit to the station by the Soviet Union 'Buran' space shuttle during 1992
1991 Jan 26 15:20 Afanasev and Manarov finish their space walk after 6 hrs 20 mins
1991 Mar 15 12:46 Progress M-6 undocks from Mir
1991 Mar 15 17:14 Progress M-6 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry and the spacecraft burns up as a result of frictional heating after some 40 minutes
1991 Mar 19 13:05 Progress M-7 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 186 x 214 kilometre orbit at 51.6 degrees inclination
1991 Mar 21 14:40 Approximate time - Progress M-7 approaches the Kvant docking port but the 'Kurs' automatic docking system decides that it is off course and aborts the docking
1991 Mar 23 14:00 Estimated time - Progress M-7 again approaches the Kvant docking port and Kurs reports everything is OK, but mission control detects that the approach is misaligned and aborts the docking - Progress M-7 misses Kvant by 5 metres and comes close to one of Mir solar panels
1991 Mar 26 10:12 Soyuz TM-11 undocks from Mir with Afanasev and Manarov aboard - they wait while the Mir complex rotates 180 degrees and allow Kurs to control an automatic approach to Kvant - the spacecraft is misaligned, thereby identifying the Kvant system as being at fault
1991 Mar 26 10:58 Afanasev and Manarov execute a manual docking of Soyuz TM-11 with Kvant rear port
1991 Mar 28 12:02 Progress M-7 docks with Mir forward port - orbit is 364 x 384 kilometres
1991 Apr 15 Propellant is pumped from the Mir complex into Progress M-7 in order that the ferry has enough to perform its de-orbit burn
1991 Apr 25 19:29 Afanasev and Manarov start a space walk to place experimental equipment on the outside of the station and to inspect the Kurs antenna on Kvant - they discover that its reflector dish is miss ing!
1991 Apr 25 23:03 Afanasev and Manarov finish their space walk after 3 hrs 34 mins
1991 May 6 22:59 Progress M-7 undocks from Mir
1991 May 7 15:24 Progress M-7 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry and the main spacecraft burns up as a result of frictional heating after some 40 minutes - its Raduga recoverable capsule is not found, either it has not separated froMPROGRESS or its recovery location beacon has failed
1991 May 18 12:50 Soyuz TM-12 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 187 x 203 kilometre orbit at 51.6 degrees inclination with cosmonauts Anatoli Artsebarski, Sergei Krikalyov and Helen Sharman (UK) aboard
1991 May 20 14:50 Soyuz TM-12 docks with Mir forward-facing port after a manual approach necessitated by incorrect data coming from the automatic system - orbit is 375 x 396 kilometres
1991 May 26 06:15 Soyuz TM-11 undocks with Afanasev, Manarov and Sharman aboard
1991 May 26 10:04 Soyuz TM-11 lands
1991 May 28 10:10 Soyuz TM-12 undocks from Mir with Artsebarski and Krikalyov aboard
1991 May 28 10:52 After Mir has completed a 180 degree rotation, Soyuz TM-12 docks with Kvant rear port
1991 May 30 08:04 Progress M-8 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 186 x 230 kilometre orbit at 51.6 degrees inclination
1991 Jun 1 09:44 Progress M-8 docks with Mir forward-facing port - orbit is 390 x 391 kilometres
1991 Jun 17 01:58 Mak 1 small satellite released from Mir airlock - the aerials fail to deploy and the satellite fails to operate - built by the Moscow Aviation Institute, it was intended to be used to make measurements of the upper atmoshpere
1991 Jun 24 20:11 Artsebarski and Krikalyov start a space walk to replace the miss ing reflector on the Kvant Kurs antenna - it is a delicate operation and they can only work during on the daylight portions of the orbit
1991 Jun 25 00:09 Artsebarski and Krikalyov finish their space walk after 4 hrs 58 min
1991 Jun 28 19:02 Artsebarski and Krikalyov start a space walk to set up cosmic ray detectors (delivered by Progress M-8) on the outside of Kvant 2 and to retrieve other samples from the outside of Mir
1991 Jun 28 23:26 Artsebarski and Krikalyov finish their space walk after 3 hrs 24 min
1991 Jul 15 11:45 Artsebarski and Krikalyov start a space walk to deliver and fit a work platform to the outside of Kvant which will be used for construction work on the ofora' girder
1991 Jul 15 17:41 Artsebarski and Krikalyov finish their space walk after 5 hrs 56 min
1991 Jul 19 10:10 Fifteen minutes earlier than planned, Artsebarski and Krikalyov start a space walk to begin assembling the 14 metre long Sofora girder on the outside of Kvant
1991 Jul 19 15:38 Artsebarski and Krikalyov finish their space walk after 5 hrs 28 min
1991 Jul 23 09:15 Artsebarski and Krikalyov start a space walk to continue assembling the Sofora girder on the outside of Kvant
1991 Jul 23 14:49 Artsebarski and Krikalyov finish their space walk after 5 hrs 34 min
1991 Jul 27 08:45 Approximate time - Artsebarski and Krikalyov start a space walk to complete assembly of the Sofora girder on the outside of Kvant - they complete the job by attaching a hammer and sickle flag to the end of the structure
1991 Jul 27 15:34 Approximate time - Artsebarski and Krikalyov finish their space walk after 6 hrs 49 min - on returning from the work area to the EVA hatch, Artsebarski helmet visor fogs up and he has to be guided back by Krikalyov
1991 Aug 15 22:16 Progress M-8 undocks from Mir - an attempt to release an aluminium foil covered balloon fails when it tears during inflation - the Mir crew had placed it in the docking tunnel prior to Progress undocking
1991 Aug 16 06:56 Progress M-8 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry and the spacecraft burns up as a result of frictional heating after some 40 minutes
1991 Aug 21 22:54 Progress M-9 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 186 x 230 kilometre orbit at 51.6 degrees inclination
1991 Aug 24 00:54 Progress M-9 docks with Mir forward-facing port - orbit is 382 x 384 kilometres
1991 Sep 29 23:53 Progress M-9 undocks from Mir
1991 Sep 30 06:16 After separating from the main spacecraft during descent, Progress M-5 Raduga capsule lands in Khazakhstan
1991 Sep 30 07:45 Approximate time - Progress M-9 fires its manoeuvring engine to initiate re-entry and the spacecraft burns up as a result of frictional heating after some 40 minutes
1991 Oct 2 05:59 Soyuz TM-13 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 195 x 232 kilometre orbit at 51.6 degrees inclination with cosmonauts Aleksandr Volkov, Takhtar Aubakirov (Kazakhstan) and Franz Viebock (Austria) aboard - because Aubakirov is replacing Aleksandr Kaleri, a regular cosmonaut, Krikalyov has to stay aboard Mir for a further six months
1991 Oct 4 07:38 Soyuz TM-13 docks with Mir forward-facing port after a manual approach necessitated by incorrect data coming from the automatic system - orbit is 392 x 403 kilometres
1991 Oct 10 00:55 Soyuz TM-12 undocks from Mir with Artsebarski, Aubakirov and Viebock aboard
1991 Oct 10 04:12 Soyuz TM-12 lands
1991 Oct 15 01:01 Soyuz TM-13 undocks from Mir with Volkov and Krikalyov aboard
1991 Oct 15 02:45 After Mir has completed a 180 degree rotation, Soyuz TM-13 docks with Kvant rear port after making several approaches to to test the newly-repaired Kurs antenna
1991 Oct 17 00:05 Progress M-10 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 185 x 217 kilometre orbit at 51.6 degrees inclination
1991 Oct 18 00:00 Mak 1 , a small satellite released from Mir 1991 Jun 17, re-enters the Earth's atmosphere
1991 Oct 19 01:30 Approximate time - Progress M-10 approaches Mir's forward-facing port but aborts an automatic docking at a distance of 150 metres
1991 Oct 21 03:40 Progress M-10 docks automatically with Mir's forward-facing port at the second attempt - orbit is 395 x 401 kilometres
1991 Nov 5 In anticipation of the forthcoming dissolution of the Soviet Union, the Russian government hands ownership of Mir to NPO Energia, a private company which has evolved from Sergei Korolyov original design bureau
Copyright © Robert Christy, all rights reserved
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