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Mir Space Station


Tyneside, UK
2018 Jun 19
Tuesday, Day 170

Maintained by:


























Mir Diary - 1995

A Chronology of mission events in orbit and on the ground. Mir existed for fifteen years growing from the original 20 tonne core module to a massive 130+ tonnes.

Date Time (UTC) Event
1995 Jan 11 08:59 Soyuz TM-20 undocks from Mir with Malenchov, Musabeyev and Merbold aboard
1995 Jan 11 09:27 Soyuz TM-20 re-docks with Mir's forward-facing port after testing 'Kurs' docking system - there is no repeat of the excessive yaw motion experinced in the original docking manoeuvre - orbit is 391 x 393 kilometres
1995 Feb 15 16:48 Progress M-26 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 188 x 224 kilometre orbit at 51.6 degrees inclination
1995 Feb 16 13:03 Progress M-25 undocks from Mir
1995 Feb 16 16:45 After a retro-firing of its manoeuvring engine, Progress M-25 enters the upper atmosphere and burns up as a result of frictional heating
1995 Feb 17 18:21 Progress M-26 docks automatically with the rear port of Kvant - orbit is 391 x 397 kilometres
1995 Mar 14 06:11 Soyuz TM-21 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 191 x 221 kilometre orbit at 51.6 degrees inclination with cosmonauts Vladimir Dezhurov, Vladimir Strekalov and Norman Thagard (NASA) aboard
1995 Mar 15 02:26 Progress M-26 undocks from Mir
1995 Mar 15 06:15 After a retro-firing of its manoeuvring engine, Progress M-26 enters the upper atmosphere and burns up as a result of frictional heating
1995 Mar 16 07:45 Soyuz TM-21 docks with the rear port of Kvant - orbit is 391 x 396 kilometres
1995 Mar 22 00:43 Soyuz TM-20 undocks from Mir with Viktorenko, Kondakova and Polyakov aboard
1995 Mar 22 03:08 Soyuz TM-20 makes its retro-fire
1995 Mar 22 03:37 Soyuz TM-20 descent module separates
1995 Mar 22 03:40 Soyuz TM-20 descent module enters the Earth's atmosphere
1995 Mar 22 04:04 Soyuz TM-20 lands
1995 Apr 9 19:34 Progress M-27 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 187 x 221 kilometre orbit at 51.6 degrees inclination
1995 Apr 11 21:00 Progress M-27 docks automatically with Mir's forward-facing port - orbit is 389 x 396 kilometres
1995 Apr 19 19:12 GFZ-1 geodetic microsatellite, carried to Mir by Progress M-27, released from an airlock aboard Mir - orbit is 383 x 394 kilometres at 51.6 degrees inclination
1995 May 12 04:20 Dezhurov and Strekalov start a space walk to to prepare for removal of a Kristall solar panel and transfer to the Kvant module
1995 May 12 10:35 Dezhurov and Strekalov finish their space walk after 6 hours 14 minutes
1995 May 17 02:38 Dezhurov and Strekalov start a space walk to move the Kristall solar panel to the Kvant module - it is left lashed into place on Kvant as time runs out
1995 May 17 09:20 Dezhurov and Strekalov finish their space walk after 6 hours 42 minutes
1995 May 20 03:33 Spektr launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Proton rocket into 216 x 317 kilometre orbit at 51.6 degrees inclination, on reaching orbit - controllers discover that the module is short of battery power (it has no solar panels) and will only be able to make one docking attempt with Mir
1995 May 22 00:10 Dezhurov and Strekalov start a space walk to complete attachment of the solar panel to Kvant, Kristall's second solar panel is folded away
1995 May 22 05:25 Dezhurov and Strekalov finish their space walk after 5 hours 15 minutes
1995 May 22 23:42 Progress M-27 undocks from Mir
1995 May 23 02:40 Progress M-27 fires its retro-rocket
1995 May 23 03:27 Progress M-27 enters the upper atmosphere and burns up as a result of frictional heating
1995 May 26 Using Mir's 'Ljappa' manipulator arm, Kristall is detached from Mir's lower forward docking port and moved to the front port on the forward-facing docking hub
1995 May 28 22:22 Dezhurov and Strekalov start a space walk inside Mir to move a docking cone between locations in the forward docking unit to allow the re-docking of Kristall
1995 May 28 22:43 Dezhurov and Strekalov finish their space walk after 21 minutes
1995 May 29 Using Mir's 'Ljappa' manipulator arm, Kristall is detached from Mir's front forward docking port and moved to the right hand (as viewed from inside Mir) port on the forward-facing docking hub - the lower docking port is now free for the already-orbiting Spektr module
1995 Jun 1 00:58 Spektr docks with Mir forward port - orbit is 391 x 396 kilometres
1995 Jun 2 Using Mir's 'Ljappa' manipulator arm, Spektr is detached from Mir forward port and moved to the lower port on the forward-facing docking hub, opposite Kvant 2
1995 Jun 2 22:05 Dezhurov and Strekalov start a space walk inside Mir to move a docking cone back to its original location in the forward docking following the re-docking of Kristall
1995 Jun 2 22:28 Dezhurov and Strekalov finish their space walk after 23 minutes
1995 Jun 10 Using Mir's 'Ljappa' manipulator arm, Kristall is detached from Mir's right hand forward docking port and moved to the forward port on the forward-facing docking hub - the purpose is to allow Space Shuttle Atlantis, on mision STS-71, to dock in line with Mir's main axis and also use the APAS androgynous docking port
1995 Jun 17 Using Mir's 'Ljappa' manipulator arm, Kristall is detached from Mir's front forward docking port and returned to the right hand (as viewed from inside Mir) port on the forward-facing docking hub - the station is now fully re-configured after the end of the STS-71 Space Shuttle mission
1995 Jun 23 Planned launch of shuttle Atlantis at 21:08:37 UTC on mission STS-74 is postponed due to thunderstorms preventing vehicle fuelling
1995 Jun 24 21:00 Launch attempt for shuttle Atlantis on mission STS-74 is postponed due to bad weather
1995 Jun 27 19:32 Space Shuttle Atlantis launched from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center on mission STS-71 into orbit of 294 x 385 kilometres at 51.6 degrees inclination with crew consisting of Robert Gibson (commander), Charles Precourt (pilot), mission specialists Ellen Baker, Gregory Harbaugh, Bonnie Dunbar, Anatoly Solovyov (Russia) and Nikolai Budarin (Russia) - it is the 100th US piloted launch
1995 Jun 29 13:00 Atlantis docks with the APAS unit on Kristall (which has been moved the Mir's front port using a docking unit and tunnel fitted into the shuttle cargo bay - orbit is 392 x 400 kilometres
1995 Jul 4 10:55 Soyuz TM-21 undocks from Mir with Dezhurov, Strekalov and Thagard aboard
1995 Jul 4 11:09 Soyuz TM-21 re-docks with the rear port of Kvant after photographing Shuttle Atlantis as it undocks - the re-docking has to be speeded up when one of the Mir computers goes offline and the station begins to rotate - orbit is 394 x 398 kilometres
1995 Jul 4 11:09 Atlantis undocks from Mir carring Gibson, Charles Precourt, Baker, Harbaugh, Dunbar, Dezhurov, Strekalov and Thagard - while backing away, the crew observes manoeuvres of Soyuz TM-21 which is also undocked from the station - Atlantis then performs a flyaround of Mir before departing
1995 Jul 7 10:54 Atlantis lands on the Kennedy Space Center runway
1995 Jul 7 10:55 Wheel stop - Atlantis STS-71 mission is over
1995 Jul 7 13:45 Atlantis fires its OMS engines to initiate re-entry
1995 Jul 14 03:56 Solovyov and Budarin start a space walk to free a seized solar panel on Spektr and make an external inspection of the station
1995 Jul 14 09:30 Solovyov and Budarin finish their space walk after 5 hours 34 minutes
1995 Jul 19 00:39 Solovyov and Budarin start a space walk to retrieve experiments from the outside of Mir - a problem with Solovyov's spacesuit means that he works from within the airlock while only Budarin goes outside
1995 Jul 19 03:47 Solovyov and Budarin finish their space walk after 3 hours 8 minutes
1995 Jul 20 03:04 Progress M-28 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into approx 195 x 225 kilometre orbit at 51.6 degrees inclination
1995 Jul 21 00:28 Solovyov and Budarin start a space walk to install the MIRAS infrared spectrometer on the outside of Mir
1995 Jul 21 06:18 Solovyov and Budarin finish their space walk after 5 hours 50 minutes
1995 Jul 22 04:39 Progress M-28 docks automatically with Mir's forward-facing port - orbit is 394 x 399 kilometres
1995 Sep 3 09:00 Soyuz TM-22 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 197 x 218 kilometre orbit at 51.6 degrees inclination with cosmonauts Yuri Gidzenko, Sergei Avdeyev and Thomas Reiter (ESA astronaut - Germany) aboard
1995 Sep 4 05:09 Progress M-28 undocks from Mir
1995 Sep 4 08:58 After a retro-firing of its manoeuvring engine, Progress M-28 enters the upper atmosphere and burns up as a result of frictional heating
1995 Sep 5 10:29 Soyuz TM-22 docks with Mir's forward-facing port - orbit is 393 x 398 kilometres
1995 Sep 11 03:30 Soyuz TM-21 undocks from Mir with Solovyov and Budarin aboard
1995 Sep 11 05:56 Soyuz TM-21 makes its retro-fire
1995 Sep 11 06:52 Soyuz TM-21 lands
1995 Oct 8 18:50 Progress M-29 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into 188 x 223 kilometre orbit at 51.6 degrees inclination
1995 Oct 10 20:32 Progress M-29 docks automatically with the rear port of Kvant - orbit is 393 x 396 kilometres
1995 Oct 20 11:50 Avdeyev and Reiter start a space walk to place scientific samples from the European Space Exposure Facility (ESEF) on the outside of Mir to be retrieved on a space walk by Reiter 1996 February
1995 Oct 20 17:06 Avdeyev and Reiter finish their space walk after 5 hours 16 minutes
1995 Nov 11 11:51 A launch attempt for shuttle Atlantis on mission STS-74 is postponed four minutes before planned lift-off due to bad weather at the Trans-Atlantic Abort site
1995 Nov 12 12:30 Space Shuttle Atlantis launched from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center on mission STS-74 into orbit of 294 x 306 kilometres at 51.6 degrees inclination with crew consisting of Kenneth Cameron (commander), James Halsell (pilot), mission specialists Jerry Ross, William McArthur and James Hadfield
1995 Nov 14 07:16 The crew of Atlantis connect the Russian-built Orbiter Docking System module to the docking unit in the cargo bay - it provides clearance between the station and the shuttle and is fitted with an APAS docking unit at both ends
1995 Nov 15 06:27 Atlantis docks with the APAS unit on Kristall - orbit is 391 x 396 kilometres
1995 Nov 18 18:15 Atlantis undocks from Mir carring Cameron, Halsell, Ross, McArthur and Hadfield - it leaves behind the shuttle Orbiter Docking System module for use by future shuttle docking missions- - Atlantis performs a flyaround of Mir before departing
1995 Nov 20 15:58 Atlantis fires its OMS engines to initiate re-entry
1995 Nov 20 17:01 Atlantis lands on the Kennedy Space Center runway
1995 Nov 20 17:02 Wheel stop - Atlantis STS-74 mission is over
1995 Dec 8 19:23 Gidzenko and Adveyev start a space walk within Mir to re-position a docking cone within Mir's forward adapter
1995 Dec 8 19:52 Gidzenko and Adveyev finish their space walk after 29 minutes
1995 Dec 18 14:31 Progress M-30 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome by Soyuz rocket into approximately 195 x 230 kilometre orbit at 51.6 degrees inclination
1995 Dec 19 09:15 Progress M-29 undocks from Mir
1995 Dec 19 16:15 After a retro-firing of its manoeuvring engine, Progress M-29 enters the upper atmosphere and burns up as a result of frictional heating
1995 Dec 20 16:10 Progress M-30 docks automatically with the rear port of Kvant - orbit is 391 x 399 kilometres
Copyright © Robert Christy, all rights reserved
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