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USSR - Voskhod Programme
Zarya - Soviet, Russian and International Spaceflight
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Voskhod Programme


Tyneside, UK
2019 Jun 24
Monday, Day 175

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Voskhod - Multi-person Crews for the First Time

Each of the two piloted missions in the Voskhod series was preceded by a test flight to check-out elements of the spacecraft design but with varying degrees of success. Voskhod 1 was preceded by a mission called Cosmos 47, using the generic programme name that covered most of the Soviet Union's unpiloted satellites.

In the case of Voskhod 2, Cosmos 57 was used to conduct tests of the inflatable airlock to be used by Alexei Leonov on his world first - a spacewalk from Voskhod 2.

Further Voskhod missions were planned for 1966 and beyond, but they were cancelled in order that work could be concentrated on developing and building Soyuz. A Voskhod spacecraft re-fitted to carry two dogs took them on a flight which carried them into the lower layers of the van Allen radiation belts which surround the Earth. This was the Cosmos 110 mission of 1966. Another Voskhod objective, a two-week stay in orbit, was eventually achieved by Soyuz 9 in 1970.

The following diary records all significant events in the Voskhod programme. A more complete history that puts them in context with the rest of the Zenit-derived programmes can be found in the "Zarya Diaries" - available from the right hand menu.


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