Zarya - Soviet, Russian and International Spaceflight
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Zenit - Korolyov's Legacy


Scarborough, UK
2014 Aug 21
Thursday, Day 233

Maintained by:

















Bion Missions

The Bion M-1 mission of 2013 was a hyybrid design and used a Zenit-type recoverable cabin attached to a Yantar instrument unit.

Although it contained elements of Zenit, it is not sufficiently comparable to the earlier craft to include it here.


Cosmos 605 (Bion № 1)       1973-083A       6913
1973 Oct 31, 18:24 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1973 Nov 01:  215 x 401 km,  62.8 deg,  90.7 min
Biological research satellite, based on the Zenit reconsat (probably the 2M version) with the experiments payload replacing the cameras. Carried Nauka autonomous module The re-entry cabin was recovered.
Landed:
1973 Nov 22, 07:12

Cosmos 690 (Bion № 2)       1974-080A       7478
1974 Oct 22, 18:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1974 Oct 23:  217 x 367 km,  62.9 deg,  90.4 min
Biological research satellite, based on the Zenit reconsat (probably the 2M version) with the experiments payload replacing the cameras. The re-entry cabin was recovered.
Landed:
1974 Nov 12, 04:48

Cosmos 782 (Bion № 3)       1975-110A       8450
1975 Nov 25, 17:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1975 Nov 25:  218 x 384 km,  62.9 deg,  90.6 min
Biological research satellite, based on the Zenit reconsat (probably the 2M version) with the experiments payload replacing the cameras. The re-entry cabin was recovered. Cosmos 782 mission was the first time that the United States participated in a Soviet space mission. International collagoration also came from France, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland and Roumania.
Landed:
1975 Dec 15, 04:48

Cosmos 936 (Bion № 4)       1977-074A       10172
1977 Aug 3, 14:01 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1977 Aug 03:  217 x 398 km,  62.9 deg,  90.7 min
Biological research satellite, based on the Zenit reconsat (probably the 2M version) with the experiments payload replacing the cameras. The re-entry cabin was recovered.
Landed:
1977 Aug 22, 01:05
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 1129 (Bion № 5)       1979-083A       11536
1979 Sep 25, 15:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1979 Sep 25:  219 x 379 km,  62.9 deg,  90.5 min
Biological research satellite, based on the Zenit reconsat (probably the 2M version) with the experiments payload replacing the cameras. The re-entry cabin was recovered. International participation came from the USA, Czechoslovakia, France, Hungary, Poland, Roumania and the German Democratic Republic.
Landed:
1979 Oct 14, 02:24

Cosmos 1514 (Bion № 6)       1983-121A       14549
1983 Dec 14, 07:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1983 Dec 14:  214 x 260 km,  82.4 deg,  89.3 min
Biological research satellite, based on the Zenit reconsat (probably the 2M version) with the experiments payload replacing the cameras. The re-entry cabin was recovered. International participation came from the USA, Bulgaria, Hungary, the German Democratic Republic, Poland, Roumania, Czechoslovakia and France. This was the first Soviet mission to include primates, in the form of two monkeys - Abrek and Bion. Other specimens included rats. Previous Soviet biological mission involving mammals had used dogs as the experimental subjects.
Landed:
1983 Dec 19, 04:48

Cosmos 1667 (Bion № 7)       1985-059A       15891
1985 Jul 10, 03:15 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1985 Jul 10:  211 x 270 km,  82.4 deg,  89.4 min
Biological research satellite, based on the Zenit reconsat (probably the 2M version) with the experiments payload replacing the cameras. Payload included 10 rats and a pair of monkeys (Verniy and Gordiy). The re-entry cabin was recovered. International participation involved the USA, U.S., France, Czechoslovakia, Roumania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland and the German Democratic Republic.
Landed:
1985 Jul 17, 00:00

Cosmos 1887 (Bion № 8)       1987-083A       18380
1987 Sep 29, 12:50 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1987 Sep 29:  216 x 385 km,  62.9 deg,  90.6 min
Biological research satellite, based on the Zenit reconsat (probably the 2M version) with the experiments payload replacing the cameras. Payload included 10 rats and a pair of monkeys (Drema and Erosha). The re-entry cabin was recovered after a considerable overshoot of the intended landing area.
Landed:
1987 Oct 12, 04:05

Cosmos 2044 (Bion № 9)       1989-075A       20242
1989 Sep 15, 06:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1989 Sep 16:  206 x 265 km,  82.4 deg,  89.3 min
Biological research satellite, based on the Zenit reconsat (probably the 2M version) with the experiments payload replacing the cameras. Payload included 10 rats and a pair of monkeys (Jakonya and Zabiyaka). The re-entry cabin was recovered. International participation was by the USA, Hungary, Canada, Poland, the UK, Roumania, Czechoslovakia, the German Democratic Republic and the European Space Agency.
Landed:
1989 Sep 29, 02:53
VHF Transmit:
239.500 MHz, FM

Cosmos 2229 (Bion №10)       1992-095A       22300
1992 Dec 29, 13:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1992 Dec 29:  218 x 376 km,  62.9 deg,  90.5 min
Biological research satellite, based on the Zenit reconsat (probably the 2M version) with the experiments payload replacing the cameras. The payload included two monkeys (Ivasha and Krosh). The re-entry cabin was recovered - it landed 100 km north of the city of Karaganda.
Landed:
1993 Jan 10, 04:19

Bion (Bion №11)       1996-073A       24701
1996 Dec 24, 13:50 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1996 Dec 25:  218 x 380 km,  62.9 deg,  90.5 min
Biological research satellite, based on the Zenit reconsat (probably the 2M version) with the experiments payload replacing the cameras. The payload included two monkeys. The re-entry cabin was recovered.
Landed:
1997 Jan 7, 05:02
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