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Zenit - Korolyov's Legacy


Tyneside, UK
2021 Oct 25
Monday, Day 298

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Bion Missions

The Bion satellite, for biological research, is most probably based on the Zenit-2M film imaging satellite but supporting an experiments payload rather than the usual optics.

Cosmos 368 was the first Zenit satellite to be linked to biological research as it carried developmental versions of later Bion hardware as well as some biological experiments at the cellular level. It did not carry living creatures. In effect, it was a prototype Bion. It is listed among the Zenit-2M satellites.

The Bion M-1 mission of 2013 was the first of a hybrid design that used a Zenit-type recoverable cabin attached to a Yantar instrument unit. Although it contained elements of Zenit, it is not included here because it is a radical design change rather than an evolution of earlier models.


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Page date: 2011 September
Descriptions updated 2019 September

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