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Zenit - Korolyov's Legacy


Tyneside, UK
2018 Jan 20
Saturday, Day 20

Maintained by:



















Vostok and Development Missions

Korabl Sputnik (Vostok-1KP)       1960 ε 1       34
1960 May 15, 00:00 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Vostok 8K72
1960 Jun 17:  292 x 665 km,  64.9 deg,  94.2 min
First launch of a Korabl Sputnik in preparation for piloted spaceflight, recovery of the cabin was not intended so it carried no heat shielding. 1960 May 19, 23:52 UTC, retrofire occurred. The guidance system had oriented the spacecraft 180 degrees away from the required attitude so the spacecraft ascended to a higher orbit (as listed above). Otherwise the flight went as expected. The original orbit was reported to have been approx 320 x 360 km. After the retro-rocket firing, the cabin separated and became catalogued as 1960 ε 3, NORAD 36. Catalogued by NORAD with alternate name Sputnik 4.
Re-entry Unsuccesful

Korabl Sputnik (Vostok 1K №1)              
1960 Jul 28, 09:31 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Vostok 8K72
First launch of Vostok prototype. The launch vehicle exploded, destroying the spacecraft and killing two dogs - Chaika and Lisichka.
Not Recovered

Korabl Sputnik 2 (Vostok-1K №2)       1960 λ 1       55
1960 Aug 19, 08:44 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Vostok 8K72
1960 Aug 19:  282 x 341 km,  64.7 deg,  90.8 min
Carried the dogs Strelka and Belka, plus grey rabbit, rats, mice, flies, plants, fungi, microscopic water plants, and seeds. Returned telemetry and TV images showing the dogs' physical condition. Strelka and Belka became the first living creatures to orbit the Earth and return safely. Catalogued by NORAD with alternate name Sputnik 5.
Landed:
1960 Aug 20, 12:00

Korabl Sputnik 3 (Vostok-1K №3)       1960 ρ 1       65
1960 Dec 1, 07:30 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Vostok 8K72
1960 Dec 01:  172 x 238 km,  65.1 deg,  88.6 min
Carried the dogs Pchelka and Mushka plus other animals, insects, and plants. Retro-fire was 1960 Dec 2, 07:15 UTC. The spacecraft was burned up in the lower atmosphere after the retro-rocket failed to shut down and caused the re-entry angle to be too steep. Catalogued by NORAD with alternate name Sputnik 6.
Re-entry Unsuccesful

Korabl Sputnik (Vostok 1K №4)              
1960 Dec 22, 07:45 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Vostok 8K72K
Spacecraft separated while the launch vehicle third stage was still firing, and the cabin landed in Siberia. The animal container's ejector mechanism failed to fire but two dogs, Kometa and Shutka, survived a hard landing.
Not Recovered

Korabl Sputnik 4 (Vostok-3 №1)       1961 θ 1       91
1961 Mar 9, 06:29 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Vostok 8K72K
1961 Mar 09:  122 x 214 km,  65.0 deg,  87.9 min
Carried a dog - Chernushka, and the instrumented mannequin 'Ivan Ivanovich' plus other biological specimens. The mannequin was ejected from the capsule and landed by parachute. Chernushka landed inside the cabin.
Landed:
1961 Mar 9, 08:10

Korabl Sputnik 5 (Vostok-3 №2)       1961 ι 1       95
1961 Mar 25, 05:54 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Vostok 8K72K
1961 Mar 25:  164 x 230 km,  65.0 deg,  88.5 min
Carried a dog - Zvezdochka, and the instrumented mannequin 'Ivan Ivanovich' on it's second flight. The mannequin was ejected from the capsule and landed by parachute. Zvezdochka landed inside the cabin.
Landed:
1961 Mar 25, 07:40

Vostok (Vostok-3A №3)       1961 μ 1       103
1961 Apr 12, 06:07 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Vostok 8K72K
1961 Apr 12:  169 x 315 km,  65.0 deg,  89.4 min
First piloted spaceflight for a single orbit of the Earth - carried Yuri Gagarin. Retro fire came 1961 Apr 12, 07:25 UTC. After re-entry, Gagarin was ejected from the cabin and landed under a separate parchute. The cabin used its own parachute system.
Landed:
1961 Apr 12, 07:55

Vostok 2 (Vostok-3A №4)       1961 τ 1       168
1961 Aug 6, 06:00 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Vostok 8K72K
1961 Aug 06:  173 x 219 km,  64.9 deg,  88.5 min
Second piloted orbital mission of the Vostok - carried Gherman Titov on a one day flight.
Landed:
1961 Aug 7, 07:12

Vostok 3 (Vostok-3A №5)       1962 αμ1       363
1962 Aug 11, 08:30 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Vostok 8K72K
1962 Aug 11:  175 x 226 km,  65.0 deg,  88.6 min
After a delay caused by the Zenit launch failure 1962 Jun 1, a piloted mission carrying Andrian Nikolayev. The spacecraft ftew in tandem with Vostok 4. After re-entry, Nikolayev was ejected from the cabin and came down under his own parachute. The cabin used a separate parachute system. Vostok 3 and Vostok 4 landed in the same area, six minutes apart.
Landed:
1962 Aug 15, 06:52

Vostok 4 (Vostok-3A №6)       1962 αν1       365
1962 Aug 12, 08:02 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Vostok 8K72K
1962 Aug 13:  167 x 211 km,  64.9 deg,  88.3 min
Piloted mission carrying Pavel Popovich. The launch trajectory put Vostok 4 less than 6 km from Vostok 3. After re-entry, Popovich was ejected from the cabin and came down under his own parachute. The cabin used a separate parachute system. Vostok 3 and Vostok 4 landed in the same area, six minutes apart.
Landed:
1962 Aug 15, 06:59

Vostok 5 (Vostok-3A №7)       1963-020A       591
1963 Jun 14, 11:58 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Vostok 8K72K
1963 Jun 14:  169 x 203 km,  64.9 deg,  88.3 min
Piloted spacecraft carrying Valery Bykovsky. Vostok 5 flew in tandem with Vostok 6. After re-entry, Bykovsky was ejected from the cabin and came down under his own parachute. The cabin used a separate parachute system. Vostok 5 landed one orbital revolution later than Vostok 6.
Landed:
1963 Jun 19, 11:06

Vostok 6 (Vostok-3A №8)       1963-023A       595
1963 Jun 16, 09:29 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Vostok 8K72K
1963 Jun 16:  166 x 209 km,  65.1 deg,  88.3 min
Piloted spacecraft carrying Valentina Tereshkova. Vostok 6 reportedly came within 5 km of Vostok 5. After re-entry, Tereshkova was ejected from the cabin and came down under her own parachute. The cabin used a separate parachute system. Vostok 6 landed one orbital revolution before Vostok 5.
Landed:
1963 Jun 19, 08:20
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