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Zenit - Korolyov's Legacy


Tyneside, UK
2014 Dec 19
Friday, Day 353

Maintained by:

















Zenit-2M Missions

Cosmos 208 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1968-022A       3156
1968 Mar 21, 09:50 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1968 Mar 22:  198 x 283 km,  65.0 deg,  89.4 min
First Zenit-2M launch - improved optical system. Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried the first Nauka autonomous module - it conducted high energy gamma ray experiments as well as observing protons with energies above 100 MeV and electrons with energies above 20 MeV.
Landed:
1968 Apr 2, 06:14
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 228 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1968-053A       3298
1968 Jun 21, 12:00 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1968 Jun 21:  195 x 259 km,  51.6 deg,  89.0 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module that conducted cosmic ray experiments and high energy gamma ray experiments as well as observing protons with energies above 100 MeV and electrons with energies above 20 MeV.
Landed:
1968 Jul 3, 10:05
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 243 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1968-080A       3418
1968 Sep 23, 07:39 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1968 Sep 24:  205 x 298 km,  71.4 deg,  89.6 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after eleven days. Carried Nauka autonomous module that contained infrared and microwave telescope to study radiation from the Earth - in particular, it looked at ice in the polar regions.
Landed:
1968 Oct 4, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 293 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1969-071A       4072
1969 Aug 16, 11:59 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1969 Aug 16:  208 x 257 km,  51.8 deg,  89.1 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module.
Landed:
1969 Aug 28, 10:19
Recovery beacon:
TK - 19.995/20.005 MHz
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM
19.990 MHz (Changed 1969 Aug 19?)

Cosmos 306 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1969-093A       4182
1969 Oct 24, 09:40 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1969 Jan 25:  215 x 299 km,  65.0 deg,  89.7 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1969 Nov 5, 07:05
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 313 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1969-104A       4262
1969 Dec 3, 13:20 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1969 Dec 05:  199 x 253 km,  65.5 deg,  89.1 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1969 Dec 15, 06:57
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 318 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1970-001A       4292
1970 Jan 9, 09:20 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1970 Jan 09:  202 x 279 km,  65.0 deg,  89.4 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1970 Jan 21, 07:01
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 329 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1970-023A       4357
1970 Apr 3, 08:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1970 Apr 04:  197 x 227 km,  81.4 deg,  88.8 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1970 Apr 15, 05:31
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 350 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1970-050A       4425
1970 Jun 26, 12:00 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1970 Jun 27:  203 x 258 km,  51.8 deg,  89.1 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1970 Jul 8, 10:19
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 353 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1970-053A       4455
1970 Jul 9, 13:35 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1970 Jul 11:  204 x 284 km,  65.5 deg,  89.4 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1970 Jul 21, 06:58
Recovery beacon:
TK - 19.995/20.005 MHz
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 363 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1970-074A       4538
1970 Sep 17, 08:10 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1970 Sep 18:  207 x 294 km,  65.1 deg,  89.6 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1970 Sep 29, 05:02
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 366 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1970-078A       4561
1970 Oct 1, 08:20 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1970 Oct 02:  203 x 295 km,  65.0 deg,  89.5 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1970 Oct 13, 07:12
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM
19.990 MHz (changed 1969 Oct 8?)

Cosmos 368 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1970-080A       4571
1970 Oct 8, 12:39 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1970 Oct 09:  204 x 400 km,  65.1 deg,  90.6 min
(Part?) biological research satellite including the "Oasis" bacteriological cultivation system. Carried Nauka autonomous module equipped with spectrometers to measure fluxes of high-energy protons and electrons. Recovered after six days.
Landed:
1970 Oct 14, 12:14
Recovery beacon:
TK - 19.995/20.005 MHz
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 377 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1970-096A       4695
1970 Nov 11, 09:20 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1970 Nov 11:  203 x 286 km,  65.0 deg,  89.4 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1970 Nov 23, 07:12
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 384 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1970-105A       4791
1970 Dec 10, 11:10 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1970 Dec 11:  202 x 291 km,  72.9 deg,  89.5 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module that contained infrared and microwave telescope to study radiation from the Earth.
Landed:
1970 Dec 22, 06:29
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 392 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1971-004A       4872
1971 Jan 21, 08:40 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Jan 21:  206 x 278 km,  65.1 deg,  89.4 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1971 Feb 2, 04:34
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)              
1971 Mar 5, 00:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - failed to reach orbit. Carried Nauka autonomous module that contained infrared and microwave telescope to study radiation from the Earth.
Not Recovered

Cosmos 403 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1971-026A       5108
1971 Apr 2, 08:20 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Apr 03:  212 x 230 km,  81.4 deg,  89.0 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1971 Apr 14, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 410 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1971-040A       5207
1971 May 6, 06:20 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 May 07:  205 x 279 km,  65.0 deg,  89.4 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module with radiation monitoring equipment.
Landed:
1971 May 18, 04:05
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 428 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1971-057A       5305
1971 Jun 24, 07:59 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Jun 25:  207 x 258 km,  51.8 deg,  89.1 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module that made electron and gamma ray measurements as well using a scintillation spectrometer sensitive to X-rays in the energy range >30 keV, with a 2 deg x 17 deg field of view. In addition, there was an X-ray telescope which operated in the range 2-30 keV. The package detected several X-ray sources which were correlated to already identified Uhuru (another X-ray satellite) point sources and discovered new sources in the direction of the constellation Cetus.
Landed:
1971 Jul 6, 06:29
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 431 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1971-065A       5364
1971 Jul 30, 08:29 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Jul 30:  190 x 265 km,  51.9 deg,  89.0 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1971 Aug 11, 06:29
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 439 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1971-078A       5478
1971 Sep 21, 12:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Sep 21:  208 x 290 km,  65.5 deg,  89.5 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 11 days, one day less than normal.
Landed:
1971 Oct 2, 05:46
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 443 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1971-085A       5536
1971 Oct 7, 12:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Oct 07:  201 x 305 km,  65.4 deg,  89.6 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module with equipment for radiation studies.
Landed:
1971 Oct 19, 04:34
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)              
1971 Dec 3, 00:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - failed to reach orbit. Carried Nauka autonomous module for electric field studies.
Not Recovered

Cosmos 473 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1972-006A       5821
1972 Feb 3, 08:40 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Feb 03:  203 x 316 km,  65.1 deg,  89.7 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1972 Feb 15, 06:14
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 477 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1972-013A       5862
1972 Mar 4, 10:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Mar 04:  202 x 305 km,  72.9 deg,  89.6 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module that studied particle flux and radiation.
Landed:
1972 Mar 16, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 484 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1972-026A       5933
1972 Apr 6, 08:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Apr 06:  194 x 222 km,  81.3 deg,  88.8 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module that conducted cosmic ray experiments and measured solar radiation.
Landed:
1972 Apr 18, 05:02
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 490 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1972-036A       6021
1972 May 17, 10:19 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 May 17:  205 x 285 km,  65.5 deg,  89.5 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module that measured electron flux, cosmic rays and gamma ray bursts.
Landed:
1972 May 29, 03:50
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 493 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1972-042A       6053
1972 Jun 21, 06:25 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Jun 21:  203 x 274 km,  65.0 deg,  89.3 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1972 Jul 3, 03:50
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM
19.990 MHz (changed 1972 Jul 8?)

Cosmos 512 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1972-059A       6130
1972 Jul 28, 10:19 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Jul 29:  205 x 272 km,  65.4 deg,  89.3 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1972 Aug 9, 02:24
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 517 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1972-067A       6168
1972 Aug 30, 08:19 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Aug 30:  201 x 291 km,  65.1 deg,  89.5 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1972 Sep 11, 05:02
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 518 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1972-070A       6186
1972 Sep 15, 09:40 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Sep 15:  204 x 308 km,  72.9 deg,  89.7 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after nine days.
Landed:
1972 Sep 24, 06:00
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 525 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1972-083A       6248
1972 Oct 18, 11:59 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Oct 19:  207 x 269 km,  65.4 deg,  89.3 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module that tested components of the Condor control unit for the upcoming Yantar series - it was separated about day 9 of the flight.
Landed:
1972 Oct 29, 05:02
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 537 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1972-093A       6287
1972 Nov 25, 09:10 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Nov 25:  201 x 309 km,  65.0 deg,  89.7 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1972 Dec 7, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 547 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1973-006A       6353
1973 Feb 1, 08:30 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Feb 01:  202 x 311 km,  65.0 deg,  89.7 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1973 Feb 13, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 552 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1973-016A       6394
1973 Mar 22, 10:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Mar 22:  203 x 311 km,  72.9 deg,  89.7 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module that tested components of the Condor control unit for the upcoming Yantar series - it was separated about day 4 of the flight.
Landed:
1973 Apr 3, 04:19
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 555 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1973-024A       6440
1973 Apr 25, 10:45 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Apr 25:  215 x 232 km,  81.4 deg,  89.1 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module equipped with Cerenkov-scintillation telescopes to study electron fluxes with energies greater than 10 MeV and protons with energies from 400 MeV to 1.2 GeV.
Landed:
1973 May 7, 07:12
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 561 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1973-033A       6657
1973 May 25, 13:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 May 26:  207 x 293 km,  65.5 deg,  89.6 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module equipped with a gamma-ray telescope with an accoustic spark chamber to search for local gamma-quanta sources with energies above 100 MeV.
Landed:
1973 Jun 6, 05:55
Recovery beacon:
TG?
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 575 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1973-043A       6709
1973 Jun 21, 13:29 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Jun 22:  204 x 270 km,  65.4 deg,  89.3 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1973 Jul 3, 06:30
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 578 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1973-051A       6759
1973 Aug 1, 14:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Aug 02:  199 x 292 km,  65.4 deg,  89.5 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1973 Aug 13, 07:38
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 583 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1973-062A       6809
1973 Aug 30, 10:30 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Aug 31:  204 x 298 km,  65.0 deg,  89.6 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days.
Landed:
1973 Sep 12, 07:12
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 596 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1973-070A       6856
1973 Oct 3, 13:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Oct 03:  206 x 287 km,  65.5 deg,  89.5 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 6 days. Also carried a test re-entry capsule for Yantar. Separation of the Yantar capsule's re-entry aeroshell failed and prevented deployment of the parachute. The capsule was subsequently destroyed on impact.
Landed:
1973 Oct 9, 07:41
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 599 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1973-073A       6867
1973 Oct 15, 08:45 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Oct 15:  208 x 276 km,  65.0 deg,  89.4 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days.
Landed:
1973 Oct 28, 07:12
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 629 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1974-003A       7100
1974 Jan 24, 15:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1974 Jan 25:  197 x 289 km,  62.9 deg,  89.4 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Also carried a test re-entry capsule for Yantar.
Landed:
1974 Feb 5, 06:58
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 635 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1974-014A       7216
1974 Mar 14, 10:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1974 Mar 14:  204 x 325 km,  72.9 deg,  89.9 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module that tested navigation equipment and radio-altimeter for Yantar - it separated about day 4 of the flight.
Landed:
1974 Mar 26, 05:31
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 640 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1974-021A       7245
1974 Apr 11, 12:23 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1974 Apr 12:  199 x 224 km,  81.4 deg,  88.8 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1974 Apr 23, 08:24
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 653 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1974-031A       7293
1974 May 15, 12:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1974 May 16:  191 x 287 km,  62.8 deg,  89.3 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1974 May 27, 04:05
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 658 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1974-041A       7328
1974 Jun 6, 06:20 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1974 Jun 06:  204 x 286 km,  65.0 deg,  89.4 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1974 Jun 18, 03:07
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 669 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1974-059A       7389
1974 Jul 26, 07:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1974 Jul 26:  207 x 230 km,  81.4 deg,  89.0 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module studying infrared radiation from the Earth and from the space background. The instrument was a 100mm diameter Cassegranian telephoto lens, with two helium-cooled detectors.
Landed:
1974 Aug 8, 02:53
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)              
1974 Aug 30, 00:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - failed to reach orbit. Also carried a test re-entry capsule for Yantar.
Not Recovered

Cosmos 685 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1974-073A       7445
1974 Sep 20, 09:30 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1974 Sep 21:  206 x 288 km,  65.0 deg,  89.5 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1974 Oct 2, 06:00
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 692 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1974-087A       7502
1974 Nov 1, 14:20 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1974 Nov 01:  196 x 296 km,  62.9 deg,  89.5 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Also carried a test re-entry capsule for Yantar that was successfully recovered.
Landed:
1974 Nov 13, 07:12
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 696 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1974-095A       7551
1974 Nov 27, 11:45 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1974 Nov 27:  204 x 322 km,  72.9 deg,  89.8 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1974 Dec 9, 07:12
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 702 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1975-002A       7606
1975 Jan 17, 09:07 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1975 Jan 17:  204 x 314 km,  71.4 deg,  89.8 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1975 Jan 29, 06:43
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 721 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1975-020A       7705
1975 Mar 26, 08:50 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1975 Mar 26:  206 x 229 km,  81.4 deg,  88.9 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module studying cosmic rays. Made simultaneous observations with Intercosmos 13.
Landed:
1975 Apr 7, 05:17
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 728 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1975-031A       7745
1975 Apr 18, 10:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1975 Apr 19:  202 x 325 km,  72.9 deg,  89.9 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 11 days. Recovered from orbit. Also tested an experimental plasma engine for spacecraft orientation.
Landed:
1975 Apr 29, 05:02
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 731 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1975-041A       7810
1975 May 21, 06:59 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1975 May 21:  203 x 296 km,  65.0 deg,  89.5 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module equipped with a gamma-ray telescope with an accoustic spark chamber to search for local gamma-quanta sources with energies above 100 MeV.
Landed:
1975 Jun 2, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 741 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1975-047A       7877
1975 May 30, 06:45 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1975 May 30:  208 x 230 km,  81.4 deg,  89.0 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite directed at remote sensing under the Priroda project - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1975 Jun 11, 03:22
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 747 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1975-060A       7990
1975 Jun 27, 13:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1975 Jun 27:  193 x 292 km,  62.9 deg,  89.4 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module.
Landed:
1975 Jul 9, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 751 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1975-068A       8040
1975 Jul 23, 13:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1975 Jul 23:  197 x 316 km,  62.9 deg,  89.7 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1975 Aug 4, 04:19
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 769 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1975-088A       8322
1975 Sep 23, 10:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1975 Sep 23:  203 x 306 km,  72.9 deg,  89.7 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Also carried a Yantar re-entry capsule that was successfully recovered.
Landed:
1975 Oct 5, 04:19
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 776 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1975-101A       8369
1975 Oct 17, 14:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1975 Oct 18:  199 x 289 km,  62.9 deg,  89.4 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module.
Landed:
1975 Oct 29, 06:29
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 780 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1975-108A       8442
1975 Nov 21, 09:20 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1975 Nov 22:  202 x 279 km,  65.1 deg,  89.4 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module with test equipment that might have been related to development of plasma thrusters for spacecraft.
Landed:
1975 Dec 3, 05:46
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 784 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1975-113A       8463
1975 Dec 3, 10:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1975 Dec 03:  214 x 230 km,  81.4 deg,  89.0 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module.
Landed:
1975 Dec 15, 06:29
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 799 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1976-009A       8616
1976 Jan 29, 08:30 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1976 Jan 29:  202 x 310 km,  71.5 deg,  89.7 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1976 Feb 10, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 809 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1976-025A       8758
1976 Mar 18, 09:15 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1976 Mar 18:  205 x 301 km,  65.1 deg,  89.6 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1976 Mar 30, 06:29
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.990 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 813 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1976-033A       8801
1976 Apr 9, 08:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1976 Apr 09:  208 x 235 km,  81.4 deg,  89.0 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1976 Apr 21, 05:02
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 819 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1976-045A       8853
1976 May 20, 07:00 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1976 May 20:  201 x 293 km,  65.0 deg,  89.5 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 11 days.
Landed:
1976 Jun 1, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 834 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1976-058A       8914
1976 Jun 24, 07:10 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1976 Jun 25:  215 x 235 km,  81.4 deg,  89.1 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1976 Jul 6, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 840 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1976-068A       9019
1976 Jul 14, 09:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1976 Jul 15:  202 x 317 km,  72.9 deg,  89.8 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1976 Jul 26, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 848 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1976-082A       9280
1976 Aug 12, 13:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1976 Aug 13:  205 x 303 km,  62.9 deg,  89.6 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module.
Landed:
1976 Aug 25, 04:36
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 856 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1976-096A       9435
1976 Sep 22, 09:30 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1976 Sep 23:  203 x 300 km,  65.1 deg,  89.6 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module with X-ray spectrometers covering the 20-320 keV range, and gamma-ray spectrometers sensitive to 100-4000 MeV to observe high-energy diffuse gamma-radiation. X-ray studies were conducted of the Cygnus X-1 and Cygnus X-2 sources in particular. Unexpectedly, no X-ray bursts were detected during the course of the mission.
Landed:
1976 Oct 5, 06:29
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 865 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1976-109A       9515
1976 Nov 1, 11:20 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1976 Nov 02:  201 x 325 km,  73.0 deg,  89.9 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1976 Nov 13, 06:14
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 879 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1976-119A       9599
1976 Dec 9, 10:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1976 Dec 12:  212 x 219 km,  81.4 deg,  88.9 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days.
Landed:
1976 Dec 22, 06:00
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 889 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1977-003A       9735
1977 Jan 20, 08:30 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1977 Jan 21:  202 x 329 km,  71.4 deg,  89.9 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days.
Landed:
1977 Feb 1, 06:43
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 898 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1977-020A       9871
1977 Mar 17, 08:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1977 Mar 17:  216 x 229 km,  81.4 deg,  89.0 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module.
Landed:
1977 Mar 30, 04:48
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 904 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1977-028A       9930
1977 Apr 20, 09:00 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1977 Apr 21:  202 x 327 km,  71.4 deg,  89.9 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 14 days.
Landed:
1977 May 4, 07:12
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 914 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1977-043A       10030
1977 May 31, 07:30 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1977 Jun 01:  203 x 306 km,  65.1 deg,  89.6 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module with X-ray spectrometers covering the 20-320 keV range, and gamma-ray spectrometers sensitive to 100-4000 MeV to observe high-energy diffuse gamma-radiation.
Landed:
1977 Jun 13, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 922 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1977-058A       10115
1977 Jun 30, 14:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1977 Jul 02:  205 x 298 km,  62.8 deg,  89.6 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days.
Landed:
1977 Jul 13, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 935 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1977-073A       10168
1977 Jul 29, 08:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1977 Jul 29:  215 x 251 km,  81.4 deg,  89.3 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days.
Landed:
1977 Aug 11, 05:17
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 947 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1977-081A       10299
1977 Aug 27, 10:09 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1977 Aug 27:  203 x 321 km,  72.9 deg,  89.8 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days.
Landed:
1977 Sep 9, 04:48
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK

Cosmos 950 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1977-086A       10351
1977 Sep 13, 15:10 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1977 Sep 13:  204 x 285 km,  62.9 deg,  89.4 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 14 days.
Landed:
1977 Sep 27, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK

Cosmos 966 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1977-115A       10510
1977 Dec 12, 09:40 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1977 Dec 12:  204 x 296 km,  65.1 deg,  89.6 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 12 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module but Kettering group telemetry analysis did not indicate its presence.
Landed:
1977 Dec 24, 06:43
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 973 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1977-124A       10540
1977 Dec 27, 09:20 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1977 Dec 27:  200 x 330 km,  71.5 deg,  89.9 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module.
Landed:
1978 Jan 9, 07:12
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 984 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1978-006A       10592
1978 Jan 13, 15:15 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1978 Jan 13:  204 x 293 km,  62.8 deg,  89.5 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days.
Landed:
1978 Jan 26, 07:12
Recovery beacon:
TF
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 992 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1978-025A       10699
1978 Mar 4, 07:40 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1978 Mar 04:  203 x 323 km,  71.4 deg,  89.8 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days.
Landed:
1978 Mar 17, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 995 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1978-030A       10735
1978 Mar 17, 10:50 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1978 Mar 17:  216 x 236 km,  81.4 deg,  89.1 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days.
Landed:
1978 Mar 30, 07:12
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 1002 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1978-037A       10785
1978 Apr 6, 09:10 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1978 Apr 06:  207 x 284 km,  65.1 deg,  89.5 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days.
Landed:
1978 Apr 19, 05:31
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK

Cosmos 1004 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1978-043A       10846
1978 May 5, 15:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1978 May 06:  205 x 289 km,  62.9 deg,  89.5 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module.
Landed:
1978 May 18, 07:12
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK/PDM

Cosmos 1012 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1978-054A       10919
1978 May 25, 14:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1978 May 26:  201 x 266 km,  62.8 deg,  89.2 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days.
Landed:
1978 Jun 7, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK

Cosmos 1032 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1978-088A       11029
1978 Sep 19, 08:05 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1978 Sep 19:  215 x 224 km,  81.4 deg,  89.0 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module.
Landed:
1978 Oct 2, 04:05
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK

Cosmos 1044 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1978-097A       11065
1978 Oct 17, 15:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1978 Oct 17:  206 x 293 km,  62.9 deg,  89.5 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days.
Landed:
1978 Oct 30, 06:43
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK

Cosmos 1060 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1978-111A       11139
1978 Dec 8, 09:30 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1978 Dec 08:  205 x 291 km,  65.1 deg,  89.5 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days.
Landed:
1978 Dec 21, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK

Cosmos 1061 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1978-114A       11148
1978 Dec 14, 15:20 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1978 Dec 15:  202 x 310 km,  62.9 deg,  89.7 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days. Carried Nauka autonomous module.
Landed:
1978 Dec 27, 06:29
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK

Cosmos 1070 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1979-001A       11229
1979 Jan 11, 15:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1979 Jan 11:  204 x 295 km,  62.9 deg,  89.5 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after nine days, a shorter mission than normal. Carried Nauka autonomous module.
Landed:
1979 Jan 20, 07:12
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK

Cosmos (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)              
1979 Feb 16, 00:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
Photo reconnaissance satellite - failed to reach orbit. Carried Nauka autonomous module.
Not Recovered

Cosmos 1090 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor)       1979-027A       11313
1979 Mar 31, 10:45 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1979 Mar 31:  201 x 329 km,  72.9 deg,  89.9 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite - recovered after 13 days.
Landed:
1979 Apr 13, 04:48
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK

Cosmos 1102 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor-Priroda)       1979-043A       11368
1979 May 25, 07:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1979 May 25:  211 x 260 km,  81.4 deg,  89.3 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite. The launch announcement mentioned "...investigation of natural resources .... in the interests of the economy and international cooperation". Carried Nauka autonomous module.
Landed:
1979 Jun 7, 02:24
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK

Cosmos 1106 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor-Priroda)       1979-054A       11399
1979 Jun 12, 07:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1979 Jun 12:  215 x 236 km,  81.4 deg,  89.1 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite. The launch announcement mentioned "...investigation of natural resources .... in the interests of the economy and international cooperation". Carried Nauka autonomous module that included two identical combined scintillation spectrometers for the detection of hard X-rays and gamma rays.
Landed:
1979 Jun 25, 03:22
Recovery beacon:
TG
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK

Cosmos 1118 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor-Priroda)       1979-069A       11465
1979 Jul 27, 07:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1979 Jul 28:  212 x 245 km,  81.4 deg,  89.2 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite. The launch announcement mentioned "...investigation of natural resources .... in the interests of the economy and international cooperation".
Landed:
1979 Aug 9, 02:24
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK

Cosmos 1122 (Zenit-2M 11Ф690, Gektor-Priroda)       1979-075A       11491
1979 Aug 17, 07:45 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Soyuz-U
1979 Aug 17:  215 x 234 km,  81.4 deg,  89.1 min
Photo-reconnaissance satellite. The launch announcement mentioned "...investigation of natural resources .... in the interests of the economy and international cooperation". Carried Nauka autonomous module. This was the final launch of a Zenit-2M.
Landed:
1979 Aug 30, 04:48
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, FSK
Copyright © Robert Christy, all rights reserved
Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited