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Zenit - Korolyov's Legacy


Tyneside, UK
2020 Jul 13
Monday, Day 195

Maintained by:



















Zenit-4M Missions

Zenit-4M introduced the use of an orbit adjustment engine. Changing the orbit slightly allowed the ground track to be shifted and the satellite directly over a selected target or allow repeated daily visits to the same area.

The engine was attached to the forward end of the craft in the same position of the Nauka modules of the Zenit-2M. Retro-fire was still performed by the engine carried in the instrument unit at the opposite end of the vehicle.

Cosmos 328 - on the basis of the radio transmissions detected by the Kettering Grammar School Satellite Tracking Group it was quite clearly a Zenit-2M. However, most listings on the Worlwide Web (that probably have a common source) incorrectly show it as a Zenit-4MK. Without the tracking information, it is not possible to distinguish the two types so the error would go unnoticed without access to additional information.


Cosmos 251 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1968-096A       3528
1968 Oct 31, 09:15 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1968 Oct 31:  200 x 256 km,  65.0 deg,  89.1 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit. First launch in the series. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit. Undertook radio astronomy and gamma ray experiments.
Landed:
1968 Nov 12, 05:47
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 264 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1969-008A       3667
1969 Jan 23, 09:15 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1969 Jan 24:  210 x 293 km,  70.0 deg,  89.6 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit. Undertook radio astronomy and gamma ray experiments.
Landed:
1969 Feb 5, 06:28
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 280 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1969-040A       3906
1969 Apr 23, 09:55 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1969 Apr 27:  207 x 247 km,  51.7 deg,  89.0 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit. Also conducted meteorological experiments.
Landed:
1969 May 6, 06:47
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 328 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1970-022A       4355
1970 Mar 27, 11:45 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1970 Apr 01:  200 x 305 km,  72.9 deg,  89.6 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1970 Apr 9, 06:42
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.995 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 333 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1970-030A       4373
1970 Apr 15, 09:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1970 Apr 19:  214 x 233 km,  81.4 deg,  89.1 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1970 Apr 28, 05:34
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 360 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1970-068A       4508
1970 Aug 29, 08:30 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1970 Aug 31:  204 x 311 km,  65.1 deg,  89.7 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1970 Sep 8, 07:00
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 361 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1970-071A       4524
1970 Sep 8, 10:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1970 Sep 09:  208 x 298 km,  72.9 deg,  89.6 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1970 Sep 21, 04:22
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 370 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1970-082A       4576
1970 Oct 9, 11:04 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1970 Oct 10:  202 x 287 km,  65.0 deg,  89.4 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1970 Oct 22, 07:08
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 376 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1970-092A       4599
1970 Oct 30, 13:20 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1970 Oct 31:  207 x 286 km,  65.4 deg,  89.5 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1970 Nov 12, 06:43
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 386 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1970-110A       4804
1970 Dec 15, 10:00 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1970 Dec 16:  215 x 275 km,  65.0 deg,  89.5 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1970 Dec 28, 06:03
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 390 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-001A       4845
1971 Jan 12, 09:30 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Jan 12:  202 x 277 km,  65.1 deg,  89.3 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 Jan 25, 05:30
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.990 MHz, FSK?

Cosmos 396 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-014A       4959
1971 Feb 18, 13:59 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Feb 18:  207 x 285 km,  65.5 deg,  89.5 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 Mar 3, 06:59
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 399 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-017A       5003
1971 Mar 3, 09:30 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Mar 04:  201 x 283 km,  65.0 deg,  89.4 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 Mar 17, 05:35
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 401 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-023A       5086
1971 Mar 27, 10:59 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Mar 28:  202 x 300 km,  72.9 deg,  89.6 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 Apr 9, 06:22
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 406 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-029A       5124
1971 Apr 14, 08:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Apr 14:  216 x 245 km,  81.4 deg,  89.2 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 Apr 24, 04:13
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 420 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-043A       5230
1971 May 18, 08:00 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 May 19:  200 x 258 km,  51.8 deg,  89.1 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 May 29, 06:37
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code
19.300 MHz (changed 1971 May 27?)

Cosmos 424 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-048A       5248
1971 May 28, 10:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 May 30:  199 x 287 km,  65.4 deg,  89.4 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 Jun 10, 03:44
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code?

Cosmos (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)              
1971 Jun 25, 00:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor - failed to reach orbit.
Not Recovered

Cosmos 429 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-061A       5331
1971 Jul 20, 10:00 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Jul 20:  205 x 250 km,  51.8 deg,  89.0 min
1971 Jul 31:  186 x 262 km,  51.8 deg,  89.0 min
1971 Aug 01:  184 x 259 km,  51.8 deg,  88.9 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 Aug 2, 07:40
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code
19.300 MHz (changed 1971 Jul 22?)

Cosmos 430 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-062A       5340
1971 Jul 23, 11:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Jul 24:  199 x 305 km,  65.5 deg,  89.6 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 Aug 5, 04:45
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 432 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-066A       5379
1971 Aug 5, 10:00 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Aug 06:  194 x 260 km,  51.8 deg,  89.0 min
1971 Aug 12:  188 x 254 km,  51.8 deg,  88.9 min
1971 Aug 14:  188 x 264 km,  51.8 deg,  89.0 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 Aug 18, 08:00
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)              
1971 Aug 19, 00:00 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor - failed to reach orbit.
Not Recovered

Cosmos 441 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-081A       5486
1971 Sep 28, 07:40 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Sep 29:  174 x 260 km,  65.1 deg,  88.9 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 Oct 10, 05:07
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code?

Cosmos 442 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-084A       5493
1971 Sep 29, 11:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Sep 29:  196 x 302 km,  72.9 deg,  89.6 min
1971 Oct 04:  174 x 315 km,  72.9 deg,  89.5 min
1971 Oct 07:  179 x 332 km,  72.9 deg,  89.7 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 Oct 12, 05:31
HF Transmit:
19.990 MHz, FSK?

Cosmos 452 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-088A       5558
1971 Oct 14, 09:00 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Oct 15:  198 x 259 km,  65.0 deg,  89.1 min
1971 Oct 18:  177 x 277 km,  65.0 deg,  89.1 min
1971 Oct 19:  176 x 315 km,  65.0 deg,  89.5 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 Oct 27, 04:59
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code?

Cosmos 454 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-094A       5585
1971 Nov 2, 14:25 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Nov 02:  203 x 261 km,  65.5 deg,  89.2 min
1971 Nov 03:  203 x 260 km,  65.5 deg,  89.2 min
1971 Nov 04:  200 x 353 km,  65.5 deg,  90.1 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 Nov 16, 06:43
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code?

Cosmos 456 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-098A       5611
1971 Nov 19, 12:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Nov 20:  203 x 305 km,  72.9 deg,  89.7 min
1971 Nov 25:  175 x 282 km,  72.9 deg,  89.2 min
1971 Nov 26:  187 x 357 km,  72.9 deg,  90.0 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 Dec 2, 06:16
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 463 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-107A       5661
1971 Dec 6, 09:50 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Dec 07:  183 x 266 km,  65.0 deg,  89.0 min
1971 Dec 09:  182 x 295 km,  65.0 deg,  89.3 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 Dec 11, 08:57
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code
19.300 MHz (changed 1971 Dec 9?)

Cosmos 464 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-108A       5670
1971 Dec 10, 11:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Dec 11:  204 x 379 km,  72.9 deg,  90.4 min
1971 Dec 13:  180 x 311 km,  72.9 deg,  89.5 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 Dec 16, 07:54
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code?

Cosmos 466 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1971-112A       5687
1971 Dec 16, 09:39 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1971 Dec 17:  205 x 281 km,  65.0 deg,  89.4 min
1971 Dec 20:  179 x 275 km,  65.0 deg,  89.1 min
1971 Dec 20:  182 x 367 km,  65.1 deg,  90.0 min
1971 Dec 23:  181 x 363 km,  65.0 deg,  90.0 min
1971 Dec 25:  175 x 372 km,  65.0 deg,  90.0 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1971 Dec 27, 07:28
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 471 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1972-001A       5764
1972 Jan 12, 09:59 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Jan 12:  200 x 316 km,  65.0 deg,  89.7 min
1972 Jan 14:  176 x 306 km,  65.1 deg,  89.4 min
1972 Jan 15:  187 x 293 km,  65.0 deg,  89.3 min
1972 Jan 15:  177 x 341 km,  65.0 deg,  89.7 min
1972 Jan 17:  179 x 336 km,  65.0 deg,  89.7 min
1972 Jan 19:  176 x 280 km,  65.1 deg,  89.1 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1972 Jan 25, 06:10
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 474 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1972-008A       5839
1972 Feb 16, 09:30 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Feb 17:  213 x 316 km,  65.0 deg,  89.8 min
1972 Feb 17:  178 x 322 km,  65.0 deg,  89.6 min
1972 Feb 21:  178 x 318 km,  65.0 deg,  89.5 min
1972 Feb 22:  177 x 282 km,  65.0 deg,  89.1 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1972 Feb 29, 06:10
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 478 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1972-015A       5885
1972 Mar 15, 13:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Mar 16:  204 x 295 km,  65.4 deg,  89.5 min
1972 Mar 19:  176 x 274 km,  65.4 deg,  89.1 min
1972 Mar 21:  174 x 363 km,  65.4 deg,  89.9 min
1972 Mar 24:  175 x 338 km,  65.4 deg,  89.7 min
1972 Mar 25:  181 x 336 km,  65.4 deg,  89.7 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1972 Mar 28, 05:20
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 483 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1972-024A       5924
1972 Apr 3, 10:15 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Apr 04:  204 x 318 km,  72.9 deg,  89.8 min
1972 Apr 05:  176 x 308 km,  72.9 deg,  89.4 min
1972 Apr 05:  179 x 334 km,  72.9 deg,  89.7 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1972 Apr 15, 06:02
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code
19.300 MHz (changed 1972 Apr 13?)

Cosmos 486 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1972-030A       5945
1972 Apr 14, 08:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Apr 15:  222 x 233 km,  81.4 deg,  89.2 min
1972 Apr 17:  174 x 228 km,  81.4 deg,  88.6 min
1972 Apr 18:  174 x 276 km,  81.4 deg,  89.1 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1972 Apr 27, 04:10
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 491 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1972-038A       6035
1972 May 25, 06:35 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 May 25:  200 x 288 km,  65.0 deg,  89.4 min
1972 May 26:  177 x 268 km,  65.0 deg,  89.0 min
1972 May 27:  175 x 320 km,  65.1 deg,  89.5 min
1972 Jun 05:  174 x 355 km,  65.0 deg,  89.8 min
1972 Jun 06:  166 x 347 km,  65.0 deg,  89.7 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1972 Jun 8, 02:29
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 492 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1972-040A       6049
1972 Jun 9, 06:59 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Jun 09:  204 x 323 km,  65.0 deg,  89.8 min
1972 Jun 10:  164 x 335 km,  65.0 deg,  89.5 min
1972 Jun 15:  173 x 311 km,  65.0 deg,  89.4 min
1972 Jun 16:  174 x 320 km,  65.0 deg,  89.5 min
1972 Jun 18:  173 x 312 km,  65.0 deg,  89.4 min
1972 Jun 19:  180 x 317 km,  65.0 deg,  89.5 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1972 Jun 22, 03:49
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 495 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1972-044A       6060
1972 Jun 23, 11:19 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Jun 24:  202 x 277 km,  65.5 deg,  89.3 min
1972 Jun 26:  200 x 275 km,  65.5 deg,  89.3 min
1972 Jun 28:  171 x 320 km,  65.5 deg,  89.5 min
1972 Jul 04:  169 x 306 km,  65.4 deg,  89.3 min
1972 Jul 05:  168 x 304 km,  65.4 deg,  89.3 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1972 Jul 6, 04:30
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code?

Cosmos 499 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1972-051A       6090
1972 Jul 6, 10:40 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Jul 06:  211 x 289 km,  51.8 deg,  89.5 min
1972 Jul 10:  175 x 254 km,  51.8 deg,  88.8 min
1972 Jul 11:  178 x 294 km,  51.8 deg,  89.2 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1972 Jul 17, 08:00
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 503 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1972-056A       6114
1972 Jul 19, 13:45 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Jul 20:  206 x 285 km,  65.5 deg,  89.5 min
1972 Jul 21:  170 x 284 km,  65.5 deg,  89.1 min
1972 Jul 21:  171 x 321 km,  65.5 deg,  89.5 min
1972 Jul 26:  170 x 308 km,  65.5 deg,  89.3 min
1972 Jul 27:  169 x 306 km,  65.5 deg,  89.3 min
1972 Jul 28:  172 x 306 km,  65.5 deg,  89.3 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1972 Aug 1, 06:58
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 513 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1972-060A       6135
1972 Aug 2, 08:15 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Aug 02:  203 x 320 km,  65.0 deg,  89.8 min
1972 Aug 12:  172 x 285 km,  65.0 deg,  89.1 min
1972 Aug 12:  170 x 373 km,  65.0 deg,  90.0 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1972 Aug 15, 05:03
Recovery beacon:
TK?
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)              
1972 Sep 2, 00:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor - failed to reach orbit.
Not Recovered

Cosmos 519 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1972-071A       6188
1972 Sep 16, 08:20 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Sep 17:  215 x 352 km,  71.3 deg,  90.3 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1972 Sep 26, 05:55
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 522 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1972-077A       6219
1972 Oct 4, 12:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Oct 05:  201 x 320 km,  73.0 deg,  89.8 min
1972 Oct 09:  204 x 313 km,  72.9 deg,  89.8 min
1972 Oct 11:  172 x 351 km,  72.9 deg,  89.8 min
1972 Oct 13:  173 x 345 km,  72.9 deg,  89.8 min
1972 Oct 14:  177 x 362 km,  72.9 deg,  90.0 min
1972 Oct 15:  177 x 367 km,  72.9 deg,  90.0 min
1972 Oct 15:  178 x 369 km,  72.9 deg,  90.1 min
1972 Oct 16:  173 x 351 km,  72.8 deg,  89.8 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1972 Oct 17, 06:53
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 538 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1972-099A       6311
1972 Dec 14, 13:40 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1972 Dec 15:  205 x 283 km,  65.5 deg,  89.4 min
1972 Dec 19:  183 x 277 km,  65.5 deg,  89.1 min
1972 Dec 22:  183 x 305 km,  65.5 deg,  89.4 min
1972 Dec 23:  184 x 302 km,  65.5 deg,  89.4 min
1972 Dec 24:  186 x 328 km,  65.5 deg,  89.7 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1972 Dec 27, 07:10
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 543 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1973-002A       6339
1973 Jan 11, 10:00 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Jan 11:  203 x 310 km,  65.0 deg,  89.7 min
1973 Jan 12:  203 x 308 km,  65.0 deg,  89.7 min
1973 Jan 12:  173 x 308 km,  65.0 deg,  89.4 min
1973 Jan 18:  169 x 299 km,  65.0 deg,  89.2 min
1973 Jan 18:  174 x 303 km,  65.0 deg,  89.3 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1973 Jan 24, 06:11
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 548 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1973-008A       6359
1973 Feb 8, 13:15 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Feb 09:  205 x 299 km,  65.5 deg,  89.6 min
1973 Feb 10:  205 x 299 km,  65.4 deg,  89.6 min
1973 Feb 10:  167 x 300 km,  65.4 deg,  89.2 min
1973 Feb 12:  169 x 288 km,  65.4 deg,  89.1 min
1973 Feb 13:  175 x 293 km,  65.4 deg,  89.2 min
1973 Feb 13:  185 x 303 km,  65.4 deg,  89.4 min
1973 Feb 13:  171 x 318 km,  65.4 deg,  89.4 min
1973 Feb 15:  170 x 314 km,  65.5 deg,  89.4 min
1973 Feb 15:  173 x 314 km,  65.4 deg,  89.4 min
1973 Feb 18:  173 x 307 km,  65.4 deg,  89.4 min
1973 Feb 18:  177 x 318 km,  65.5 deg,  89.5 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1973 Feb 21, 06:38
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 551 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1973-012A       6378
1973 Mar 6, 09:20 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Mar 06:  206 x 296 km,  65.1 deg,  89.6 min
1973 Mar 14:  170 x 305 km,  65.0 deg,  89.3 min
1973 Mar 15:  170 x 398 km,  65.1 deg,  90.2 min
1973 Mar 16:  170 x 396 km,  65.1 deg,  90.2 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1973 Mar 20, 05:16
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 560 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1973-031A       6652
1973 May 23, 10:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 May 24:  203 x 313 km,  72.9 deg,  89.7 min
1973 May 26:  180 x 307 km,  72.9 deg,  89.5 min
1973 May 27:  176 x 323 km,  72.9 deg,  89.6 min
1973 May 28:  178 x 329 km,  72.9 deg,  89.7 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1973 Jun 5, 04:32
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 563 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1973-036A       6667
1973 Jun 6, 11:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Jun 07:  205 x 298 km,  65.5 deg,  89.6 min
1973 Jun 10:  173 x 293 km,  65.5 deg,  89.2 min
1973 Jun 11:  173 x 319 km,  65.4 deg,  89.5 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1973 Jun 18, 05:02
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code
19.300 MHz (changed 1973 Jun 9?)

Cosmos 572 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1973-038A       6684
1973 Jun 10, 10:10 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Jun 11:  208 x 281 km,  51.7 deg,  89.4 min
1973 Jun 19:  171 x 261 km,  51.7 deg,  88.8 min
1973 Jun 20:  171 x 302 km,  51.7 deg,  89.2 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1973 Jun 23, 06:58
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)              
1973 Jul 4, 00:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor - failed to reach orbit.
Not Recovered

Cosmos 577 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1973-048A       6745
1973 Jul 25, 11:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Jul 25:  206 x 289 km,  65.4 deg,  89.5 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1973 Aug 7, 04:34
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 579 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1973-055A       6789
1973 Aug 21, 12:30 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Aug 22:  205 x 293 km,  65.5 deg,  89.5 min
1973 Aug 24:  169 x 288 km,  65.5 deg,  89.1 min
1973 Aug 24:  175 x 313 km,  65.5 deg,  89.4 min
1973 Aug 28:  173 x 306 km,  65.5 deg,  89.3 min
1973 Aug 30:  172 x 275 km,  65.5 deg,  89.0 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. First Zenit-4M to be detected at the secondary transmission frequency - 19.300 MHz. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1973 Sep 3, 05:25
Recovery beacon:
TK?
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code
19.300 MHz (changed 1973 Aug 23?)

Cosmos 581 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1973-059A       6798
1973 Aug 24, 10:59 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Aug 25:  208 x 289 km,  51.7 deg,  89.5 min
1973 Aug 25:  175 x 286 km,  51.7 deg,  89.1 min
1973 Aug 31:  170 x 272 km,  51.7 deg,  88.9 min
1973 Sep 04:  176 x 272 km,  51.7 deg,  89.0 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1973 Sep 6, 07:44
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 584 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1973-063A       6818
1973 Sep 6, 10:40 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Sep 06:  204 x 337 km,  72.9 deg,  90.0 min
1973 Sep 09:  205 x 334 km,  72.9 deg,  90.0 min
1973 Sep 10:  205 x 263 km,  72.9 deg,  89.3 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1973 Sep 20, 04:42
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 598 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1973-072A       6862
1973 Oct 10, 10:45 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Oct 10:  207 x 334 km,  72.9 deg,  90.0 min
1973 Oct 13:  208 x 242 km,  72.9 deg,  89.1 min
1973 Oct 14:  203 x 246 km,  72.9 deg,  89.1 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1973 Oct 16, 06:49
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 600 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1973-074A       6873
1973 Oct 16, 12:00 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Oct 17:  204 x 339 km,  72.9 deg,  90.0 min
1973 Oct 19:  199 x 235 km,  72.9 deg,  88.9 min
1973 Oct 20:  201 x 250 km,  72.9 deg,  89.1 min
1973 Oct 21:  202 x 283 km,  72.9 deg,  89.4 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1973 Oct 23, 08:00
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 603 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1973-079A       6900
1973 Oct 27, 11:09 UTC
Plesetsk Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Oct 28:  200 x 359 km,  72.9 deg,  90.2 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1973 Nov 9, 05:45
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 609 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1973-092A       6943
1973 Nov 21, 10:00 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1973 Nov 23:  174 x 339 km,  70.0 deg,  89.7 min
1973 Nov 27:  173 x 330 km,  70.0 deg,  89.6 min
1973 Nov 29:  173 x 291 km,  70.0 deg,  89.2 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1973 Dec 4, 06:52
Recovery beacon:
TK
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 632 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1974-006A       7117
1974 Feb 12, 08:56 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1974 Feb 13:  176 x 306 km,  65.0 deg,  89.4 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1974 Feb 26, 06:12
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code

Cosmos 667 (Zenit-4M 11Ф691, Rotor)       1974-057A       7383
1974 Jul 25, 07:00 UTC
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Voskhod 11A57
1974 Jul 25:  176 x 321 km,  65.0 deg,  89.5 min
Second generation imaging satellite equipped with film cameras for photo-reconnaissance and an orbit adjustment motor. The cameras and film were recovered from orbit.
Landed:
1974 Aug 7, 03:14
HF Transmit:
19.150 MHz, Morse Code?


Page date: 2011 September
Descriptions updated 2019 September

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