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China's Piloted Space Programme


Tyneside, UK
2020 Aug 14
Friday, Day 227

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zarya.info article at the Space Policy Online website
Launches Related to China's Piloted Programme

The table lists all launches in connection with development of China's piloted spacecraft Shenzhou and the space station that it will eventually serve.

Included in the listing are Shenzhou plus the Tiangong, Tianzhou and BanXing satellites and spacecraft. With the exception of the Tianzhou cargo vehicle, all launches used a CZ 2F rocket launching out of Jiuquan. Tianzhou launched atop a CZ 7 launched from the new Wenchang Space Centre to rendezvous with Tiangong 2.

Prior to the Shenzhou 8 mission, Orbital Modules were constructed as independent spacecraft so, after separation, they pursued independent research missions using onboard sensors. Shenzhou 8 was the first serial production spacecraft produced for routine space station support.

Since the first Shenzhou enetered orbit in 1999 there have been some subtle changes in the orbital inclination used. The first two missions in 1999 and 2001 entered orbits at 42°.6. Shenzhou 3, in 2002, used an orbit with a slightly lower 42°.4 inclination and until 2008 and Shenzhou 7 it was the norm.

In 2011, following a three year hiatus, Tiangong 1 entered orbit at the new inclination of 42°.8 to start a new phase of orbital operations. Tiangong 2 used the same inclination.

As all Shenzhou missions in this period involved rendezvous with Tiangong, it was natural that they too followed suit.

The variations could be driven by changes on the ground. They might result from something as simple as new construction in the area of the launch pad or the Space Centre, requiring the launcher to depart on a slightly different azimuth in order to avoid direct overflight. If the explanation is more technical then it may never be known.


1999-061
CZ 2F
Jiuquan Space Centre
1999 Nov 19, 22:30
Shenzhou 1
1999-061A
25956
Re-entered - 1999 Nov 20
Life 1 day Returned to Earth
Test mission to verify the whole Shenzhou launch, support, tracking and recovery concept, particularly the launch vehicle. Precise launch time: 23:30:07 a.m. Retrofire was Nov 20 at 19:00 UTC and Shenzhou landed in Inner Mongolia at 19:41 UTC. It also carried science equipment and 100 kg of seeds to investigate the effects of the orbital environment. Equipped with small, fixed panels of solar cells on the OM although contemporary illustrations showed the extendable, folding type similar to the ones on the SM.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1999 Nov 20, 14:3666460.009520533289.8742.60134
CZ 2F upper stage
1999-061B
25957
Re-entered - 1999 Nov 27
Life 8 days
Launched Shenzhou 1

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
1999 Nov 20, 11:3566400.009719732589.7442.60132


2001-001
CZ 2F
Jiuquan Space Centre
2001 Jan 9, 17:00
Shenzhou 2
2001-001A
26664
Re-entered - 2001 Jan 16
Life 7 days Returned to Earth
Engineering test of Shenzhou spacecraft, also carried scientific equipment. Carried animal specimens including six mice, and small aquatic and terrestrial organisms. There were fifteen scientific experiments in the cabin, 12 in the orbital module and 37 externally, including a microgravity crystallography experiment, cosmic ray and particle detectors and a gamma ray burst detectors. To test the voice communication system, pre-recorded audio messages were played back. Retrofire was Jan 16 at 1015 UTC and the Descent Module landed in Inner Mongolia at 11:22 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2001 Jan 09, 22:3766450.010419733689.8442.58130
2001 Jan 10, 19:5867090.000432933491.1642.58209
2001 Jan 12, 22:0067140.000733134091.2442.58279
Shenzhou 2 Orbital Module
2001-001C
26687
Re-entered - 2001 Aug 24
Life 227 days
Released from Shenzhou 2 2001 Jan 16. Manoeuvred to higher orbit and then orbital decay brought about a natural re-entry. Equipped with extending solar panel array.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2001 Jan 16, 14:3467160.001233034691.2942.58316
2001 Jan 17, 20:3667740.001038940392.4842.59117
2001 Aug 24, 06:2465250.000714215187.4242.57304
CZ-2F upper stage
2001-001A
26665
Re-entered - 2001 Jan 21
Life 12 days
Launched Shenzhou 2.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2001 Jan 09, 22:3766430.009919933089.8042.58130


2002-014
CZ 2F
Jiuquan Space Centre
2002 Mar 25, 14:15
Shenzhou 3
2002-014A
27397
Re-entered - 2002 Apr 1
Life 7 days Returned to Earth
Engineering test of Shenzhou spacecraft, also carried scientific equipment. First Shenzhou vehicle to be equipped with a full life support system. Carried 44 experimentsand a video imager that broadcast from one of the portholes. As a communications test, a pre-recorded female voice was transmitted. Landed Inner Mongolia Apr 1 at 08:51 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2002 Mar 26, 01:5567130.000433233891.2342.40272
Shenzhou 3 Orbital Module
2002-014C
27408
Re-entered - 2002 Nov 12
Life 232 days
Released from Shenzhou 3 2002 Apr 1. Equipped with experiments and sensor payload. Orbit maintained by multiple thruster firings before natural decay brought about re-entry 2002 Nov 12, approx 06:38 UTC over the Indian Ocean off western Australia. Equipped with extending solar panel array.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2002 Apr 01, 10:2967130.000733033991.2242.41322
2002 Apr 01, 20:5067340.000335335791.6542.40262
2002 Apr 24, 21:1567060.000532433191.0842.4045
2002 Apr 25, 05:5967630.000438238892.2642.4151
2002 Jun 10, 12:5367420.001035737191.8242.418
2002 Jun 13, 16:1067410.001035636991.7942.4132
2002 Jun 14, 08:4167580.000737638592.1642.41284
2002 Nov 11, 23:5465450.000416416987.8342.40269
CZ 2F upper stage
2002-014B
27398
Re-entered - 2002 Apr 3
Life 9 days
Launched Shenzhou 3.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2002 Mar 26, 01:5166400.009719832689.7542.40132


2002-061
CZ 2F
Jiuquan Space Centre
2002 Dec 29, 16:40
Shenzhou 4
2002-061A
27630
Re-entered - 2003 Jan 5
Life 7 days Returned to Earth
Engineering an flight qualification test of piloted spacecraft. Landed Inner Mongolia Jan 5 at 11:16 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2002 Dec 29, 23:4766430.010019833289.8042.41131
2002 Dec 31, 00:2767120.000433133791.2142.41170
Shenzhou 4 Orbital Module
2002-061C
27634
Re-entered - 2003 Sep 9
Life 254 days
Released from Shenzhou 4 2003 Jan 5. Equipped with experiments and sensor payload. Orbit maintained by multiple thruster firings before natural decay brought about re-entry. Equipped with extending solar panel array.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2003 Feb 09, 15:2067170.001133134691.3142.4274
2003 Feb 10, 04:4867400.000535936691.7942.42288
2003 Mar 01, 22:0067300.000135135291.5742.42265
2003 Mar 02, 11:1967440.001135937391.8642.41300
2003 Apr 21, 22:1467320.001434436391.6142.42147
2003 Apr 22, 22:5867420.002734638391.8342.41190
2003 Sep 09, 03:5965170.001612814987.2642.40301
CZ 2F upper stage
2002-061B
27631
Re-entered - 2003 Jan 9
Life 11 days
Launched Shenzhou 4.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2002 Dec 31, 01:1166380.009719532489.7042.41140


2003-045
CZ 2F
Jiuquan Space Centre
2003 Oct 15, 01:00
Shenzhou 5
2003-045A
28043
Re-entered - 2003 Oct 16
Life 1 day Returned to Earth
First piloted mission by Shenzhou spacecraft. Carried a single crew member, Yang Liwei. One onboard experiment involved exposing crop seeds from Taiwan to the orbital environment. Landed in Inner Mongolia Oct 15 at 22:23.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2003 Oct 15, 08:0767130.000133433691.2442.42251
Shenzhou 5 Orbital Module
2003-045G
28049
Re-entered - 2004 May 30
Life 228 days
Released from Shenzhou 5 2003 Oct 15. Equipped with experiments and sensor payload. Orbit maintained by multiple thruster firings before natural decay brought about re-entry. Equipped with extending solar panel array.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2003 Oct 16, 00:5067130.000233333691.2242.43250
2003 Oct 21, 16:2767090.000233033291.1442.43270
2003 Oct 22, 01:2267210.000534034691.4042.43260
2003 Nov 02, 22:5667090.000332933391.1542.43345
2003 Nov 04, 22:1767260.000734335291.4942.43272
2003 Nov 11, 18:4467220.000733934891.4142.43303
2003 Nov 13, 14:5267390.000735736691.7742.43262
2003 Dec 24, 11:2767210.000833834891.4042.43193
2003 Dec 25, 00:4567290.001034435791.5542.43128
2003 Dec 31, 06:2467260.001234035691.5042.43177
2003 Dec 31, 11:0667420.003434138791.8342.42157
2004 May 30, 01:1665190.001013414887.3142.41276
CZ 2F upper stage
2003-045B
28044
Re-entered - 2003 Oct 25
Life 10 days
Launched Shenzhou 5.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2003 Oct 15, 11:0666410.009919732889.7642.41133


2005-040
CZ 2F
Jiuquan Space Centre
2005 Oct 12, 01:00
Shenzhou 6
2005-040A
28879
Re-entered - 2005 Oct 16
Life 4 days Returned to Earth
Piloted mision carrying crew of two - Fei Junlong and Nie Haisheng. For the first time, a Shenzhou crew entered the Orbital Module. Retrofire Oct 16 at 19:45 UTC led to a landing in Inner Mongolia at 20:33 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2005 Oct 12, 08:0767120.000633033891.2142.41186
Shenzhou 6 Orbital Module
2005-040E
28883
Re-entered - 2008 Apr 1
Life 902 days
Released from Shenzhou 5 2005 Oct 16 at 19:44 UTC. Equipped with experiments and sensor payload. Orbit maintained by multiple thruster firings before natural decay brought about re-entry. Equipped with extending solar panel array, the final shenzhou OM to be used as an independent satellite.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2005 Oct 17, 02:2067140.000433333991.2542.43226
2005 Oct 19, 13:5467150.000533434191.2842.42237
2005 Oct 20, 03:0367250.000534435191.4842.42215
2005 Dec 12, 13:4567140.000433333991.2642.42196
2005 Dec 13, 05:5867300.000834635791.5742.42278
2006 Jan 20, 22:0767230.000434234891.4442.42203
2006 Jan 21, 09:5267290.000834535691.5542.42277
2006 Mar 18, 15:0167200.000633834691.3742.42333
2006 Mar 19, 05:5667300.000634735691.5742.43270
2006 May 28, 04:5867160.000133733991.2942.4221
2006 May 28, 12:4167300.000734735691.5742.43266
2006 Sep 05, 10:0267170.000833434591.3242.42243
2006 Sep 05, 20:2767290.000734635691.5642.42264
2007 Jan 11, 18:1567050.000732233291.0742.4250
2007 Jan 12, 04:4067110.000932733991.1942.42350
2007 Jan 27, 07:3067080.000732533591.1242.42115
2007 Jan 27, 20:5767120.000233233591.2042.42128
2007 Jun 06, 01:5867120.000832833991.2142.428
2007 Jun 06, 11:3167200.000733734791.3742.42273
2008 Apr 01, 13:0765120.000413113687.1542.3911
CZ 2F upper stage
2005-040B
28880
Re-entered - 2005 Oct 26
Life 14 days
Launched Shenzhou 6.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2005 Oct 12, 11:0666410.010019732989.7742.41134


2008-047
CZ 2F
Jiuquan Space Centre
2008 Sep 25, 13:10
Shenzhou 7
2008-047A
33386
Re-entered - 2008 Sep 28
Life 3 days Returned to Earth
Piloted mission carrying Zhai Zhigang, Liu Boming and Jing Haipeng. Sep 27 at 08:34 UTC Zhai Zhigang wearing a Chinese-made Feitian EVA suit and Liu Boming wearing a Russian Sea Hawk EVA suit undertook a 26 minutes (approximately) spacewalk, Zhai spent 19m 35s outside the spacecraft. Used the Tianlian 1-01 communications satellite in geosynchronous orbit. Landed In Inner Mongolia Sep 28 at 09:37 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2008 Sep 25, 14:1866440.009820033189.8242.41125
2008 Sep 25, 20:1767120.000533033791.2042.40274
BanXing 1 (Companion Satellite 1)
2008-047G
33392
Re-entered - 2009 Oct 30
Life 400 days
Released from Shenzhou 7 Sep 27 at 11:24 UTC. 40 kg manoeuvrable satellite, built by Shanghai Micro-satellite Engineering Center, to test rendezvous procedures with Shenzhou 7 - manoeuvred seven times during the test. Also transmitted images of the main spacecraft in orbit. Still operating at end of life when re-entered naturally 2009 October 30 around 03:30 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2008 Sep 27, 19:3467120.000732933991.2242.40283
Shenzhou 7 Orbital Module
2008-047H
33394
Re-entered - 2010 Jan 4
Life 466 days
Released from Shenzhou 7 Sep 27 at 11:34 UTC. Re-entered naturally. Main function was to act as an airlock for the EVA from Shenzhou 7.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2008 Sep 29, 00:1167110.000732933791.1942.40299
2010 Jan 04, 03:2965110.001412414287.1542.36281
CZ 2F upper stage
2008-047B
33387
Re-entered - 2008 Oct 17
Life 22 days
Launched Shenzhou 7.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2008 Sep 28, 03:3666410.009519932689.7642.41127


2011-053
CZ 2F T1
Jiuquan Space Centre
2011 Sep 29, 13:16
Tiangong 1
2011-053A
37820
Re-entered - 2018 Apr 2
Life 2377 days
Small laboratory, 8.5 tonnes mass (9 tonnes including fuel), for docking experiments during visits by the unpiloted Shenzhou 8 (2011 Oct 31 - Nov 17), Shenzhou 9 (2012 Jun 16-29) and Shenzhou 10, both piloted. Precise lift-off time 13:16:03 UTC at the opening of a fifteen minute launch window. Originally anticipated life was two years. Early 2016, mission control announced that it had lost communication with Tiangong 1 and that its orbit would decay naturally, leading to uncontrolled re-entry. Launch delayed several times from 2010 by design/construction issues and investigation of the 2011 Aug 18 CZ-2C launch vehicle failure.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2011 Sep 29, 20:3966500.011019934589.9542.78132
2011 Sep 30, 19:1167230.001433535591.4442.7840
2011 Oct 05, 19:3867200.001033534991.3742.7881
2011 Oct 28, 05:3567130.000733033991.2242.79253
2011 Nov 15, 11:4567100.000532833591.1642.79359
2011 Nov 18, 14:1867510.000836837992.0142.79212
2012 Mar 23, 03:2367240.001233835491.4642.78342
2012 Mar 23, 17:3967370.000835336491.7142.78344
2012 May 26, 13:2367210.000933734991.3942.7878
2012 Jun 10, 18:5067110.000433033691.1942.78242
2012 Jun 11, 18:0167070.001132133691.1042.78235
2012 Jun 14, 01:4267060.001232033591.0842.78249
2012 Jun 14, 18:3667110.000732833891.2042.80181
2012 Jun 28, 04:5767090.000632733691.1642.78333
2012 Jun 28, 12:1567100.000233033391.1642.79269
2012 Jun 28, 13:4267230.001633435591.4342.78102
2012 Jun 29, 07:5567390.000835536691.7642.78315
2012 Jul 05, 16:5467380.000835436591.7442.78315
2012 Aug 30, 10:2367280.000834435691.5442.78357
2012 Sep 16, 04:2667350.000835136391.6842.78336
2012 Oct 15, 09:2267270.000534635391.5242.78197
2012 Oct 15, 17:2567370.002134537391.7342.78207
2012 Oct 16, 11:3367490.000536737491.9542.78233
2013 Feb 04, 04:1367260.000234734991.5042.7870
2013 Feb 04, 13:3567370.001634837091.7342.78227
2013 Feb 05, 05:5967440.000636236991.8642.77226
2013 May 21, 02:5767190.000433934491.3642.78157
2013 May 22, 00:2667150.000533334191.2742.78231
2013 Jun 05, 06:1767100.000532933691.1842.78299
2013 Jun 06, 05:0067090.000532733491.1542.78315
2013 Jun 09, 04:2067070.000732533491.1242.78300
2013 Jun 10, 03:0467130.000733034091.2342.78277
2013 Jun 25, 03:4667090.000532733491.1542.78333
2013 Jun 25, 11:4767220.001333535391.4242.7793
2013 Jun 26, 09:0067390.000735636691.7642.77278
2013 Sep 11, 08:0867240.000634235091.4642.78139
2013 Sep 11, 20:1167390.000935436791.7542.77319
2014 Feb 18, 05:1867170.001233134791.3142.78230
2014 Feb 18, 18:5567360.004133138691.7142.77242
2014 Feb 19, 17:4267590.001037438792.1642.78278
2014 Jul 16, 07:3667220.001433435391.4042.77209
2014 Jul 16, 22:4167340.003033637791.6742.77245
2014 Nov 25, 12:3867210.000933734991.4042.7719
2014 Nov 26, 03:4367460.002635038691.9042.78234
2014 Nov 26, 06:5567590.001736939292.1642.77187
2015 Apr 09, 02:1667200.001033534891.3642.77342
2015 Apr 09, 14:4367410.004233539191.8042.7726
2015 Apr 10, 23:0767710.001238540192.4242.77282
CZ 2F upper stage
2011-053B
37821
Re-entered - 2011 Oct 12
Life 13 days
Launched Tiangong 1.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2011 Sep 29, 17:2366410.009819832889.7742.78130


2011-063
CZ 2F T1
Jiuquan Space Centre
2011 Oct 31, 21:58
Shenzhou 8
2011-063A
37859
Re-entered - 2011 Nov 17
Life 17 days Returned to Earth
Test mission using piloted spacecraft in automatic mode to undertake docking operations with Tiangong 1 (2011-053A/37820). First serial production model of Shenzhou. Docked Nov 2 at 17:28 UTC and the two vehicles were locked together eight minutes later. Undocked Nov 14 at 11:27 UTC, backed off to 140m distance, and re-docked shortly after at 11:53 UTC as a test of spacecraft sensors at a low Sun angle. Undocked for landing Nov 16 at 10:44 UTC. Landed Nov 17 at 11:32:14 UTC in inner Mongolia near 42°.2 north, 111°.3 east. The mission was flown as a biosatellite with a payload of plants and animals. - part of the payload was DLR of Germany's SIMBOX (Science in Microgravity Box).

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2011 Nov 01, 14:3866660.004026231590.2842.79138
2011 Nov 02, 13:2366990.000931532790.9442.78269
2011 Nov 03, 12:0467110.000832833891.1942.79285
2011 Nov 15, 06:2167100.000532833591.1642.79354
2011 Nov 17, 06:5567130.000233333691.2242.7978
estimated orbit66360.008420231389.6642.78134
CZ 2F upper stage
2011-063B
37860
Re-entered - 2011 Nov 8
Life 8 days
Launched Shenzhou 8.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2011 Nov 01, 11:0266310.008419730889.5642.78134


2012-032
CZ 2F
Jiuquan Space Centre
2012 Jun 16, 10:37
Shenzhou 9
2012-032A
38461
Re-entered - 2012 Jun 29
Life 13 days Returned to Earth
Carried crew of Jing Haipeng (Commander), Liu Wang (Flight Engineer) and Liu Yang (Mission Engineer), to Tiangong 1. Second Mission for Jing Haipeng after Shenzhou 7, Liu Yang is female. First stage ignition 10:37:21 UTC with launch/lift-off 3s later. Spacecraft separation was at 10:46:55 UTC, about 11s earlier than planned. Shenzhou 9 docked with Tiangong 1 Jun 18 at 06:07 UTC. On Jun 24 at 03:10 UTC, it undocked and moved 140m in front of Tiangong from where it re-docked under manual control (Liu Wang) at 04:48 UTC. Undocked Jun 28 at 01:22 UTC - after falling behind by 5 km, it was brought back automatically to 140m distance from where it then departed. Retrofire Jun 29 at 01:17 UTC led to a landing in Inner Mongolia near 42° north, 111° east at 02:02:50 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2012 Jun 16, 16:3866360.008420231389.6642.71134
2012 Jun 16, 21:1266670.004026231690.2942.78136
2012 Jun 17, 16:4467000.000831632790.9542.78262
2012 Jun 18, 13:5267120.000832833991.2042.78279
2012 Jun 28, 13:1767140.000233533891.2642.78125
CZ 2F upper stage`
2012-032B
38462
Re-entered - 2012 Jun 28
Life 12 days
Launched Shenzhou 9

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2012 Jun 18, 00:2966260.007919530089.4642.78142


2013-029
CZ 2F
Jiuquan Space Centre
2013 Jun 11, 09:38
Shenzhou 10
2013-029A
39179
Re-entered - 2013 Jun 26
Life 15 days Returned to Earth
Carried crew of Nie Haisheng (Commander), Zhang Xiaoguang (Flight Engineer) and Wang Yaping (Mission Engineer) to Tiangong 1. Wang Yaping is female. Automatic approach to Tiangong 1 initiated June 13 02:48 UTC. Docked at 05:11 UTC with latches secured at 05:18 UTC. Undocked June 23 at 00:26 UTC, carrying its crew, and moved away from Tiangong 1. At 01:52 UTC, Nie Haisheng initiated a manually controlled approach, docking with Tiangong at 02:00, latches were fully secured at 02:07 UTC. Undocked Jun 25 at 23:05 UTC and flew in formation with Tiangong to test varying approach scenarios, re-docked briefly (probably without retracting the docking ring) then departed for a landing. Retro-fire Jun 25 about 23:18 UTC led to landing in Mongolia June 26 at 00:07 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2013 Jun 11, 15:3966350.008919831689.6542.78132
2013 Jun 11, 17:0366660.004026131490.2642.78138
2013 Jun 11, 21:4566670.004026231690.2942.78136
2013 Jun 12, 18:4566990.000931532790.9542.78290
2013 Jun 13, 12:5167120.000832933991.2142.78295
2013 Jun 25, 03:5167090.000532733491.1442.79337
2013 Jun 25, 13:0767130.000433333791.2342.78134
Shenzhou 10 Orbital Module
2013-029H
39193
Re-entered - 2013 Dec 1
Life 173 days
Detached from Shenzhou 10 - 2013 Jun 25 about 23:17 UTC just prior to retro-fire. Main function was to act as a cargo carrier, and to carry the rendezvous systems and docking unit for operations with Tiangong 1.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2013 Jun 27, 13:2967130.000233333691.2342.79136
CZ 2F upper stage
2013-029B
39180
Re-entered - 2013 Jun 21
Life 10 days
Launched Shenzhou 10

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2013 Jun 11, 21:3166310.008419730989.5742.78133


2016-057
CZ 2F
Jiuquan Space Centre
2016 Sep 15, 14:04
Tiangong 2
2016-057A
41765
Re-entered - 2019 Jul 19
Life 1037 days
Small laboratory, 8.5 tonnes mass (9.5 tonnes including fuel), for docking experiments during visits by the Shenzhou 11 crew carrying mission (2016 Oct 18 - Nov 17), and Tianzhou-1 (2017-021A/42684) supply vehicle (2017 April - September). Destructive re-entry followed retro-fire with any surviving fragments impacting in the southern Pacific Ocean.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2016 Sep 15, 18:1166440.010319733489.8242.79130
2016 Sep 19, 19:2066280.008619330789.5042.79161
2016 Sep 20, 01:0767520.000637037892.0342.7864
2016 Sep 24, 23:2467590.001037438792.1642.79177
2016 Sep 25, 15:4967640.000538238992.2742.78120
2017 Mar 04, 23:5167500.000836737891.9942.78234
2017 Mar 05, 13:2467580.000937438692.1542.78251
2017 Apr 04, 20:2367560.000637438292.1242.78107
2017 Apr 15, 22:1067630.000738139092.2642.79255
2017 Oct 14, 11:5967680.000338839292.3642.78332
2017 Nov 03, 17:4667670.000238839192.3442.78163
2017 Nov 04, 06:2067680.000238839192.3542.78156
2018 Jun 12, 21:3967610.000538038692.2242.79244
2018 Jun 14, 12:3266740.000429329990.4342.78261
2018 Jun 21, 20:4666720.000429129790.4042.79316
2018 Jun 23, 17:0667690.000838539692.3742.78303
2019 Jul 18, 08:0967600.000637838692.1942.78122
2019 Jul 18, 20:0666590.014418537790.1342.78269
2019 Jul 19, 06:4566590.014318537690.1242.78273
Banxing 2
2016-057H
41834
Re-entered - 2019 Jul 15
Life 1033 days
Micro-satellite built by the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology, carrying cameras and equipped with a cold gas thruster system. Ejected by a spring mechanism from Tiangong 2 2016 Oct 22 at 22:31 UTC and used to photograph the station while docked with Shenzhou 11 (2016-061A/41812). It made several minor orbit adjustments while in the vicinity of Tiangong 2 to allow it to move away and return.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2016 Oct 24, 08:4867580.000737538492.1442.79350
2019 Jul 08, 20:5465890.001620022188.7142.77273
2019 Jul 15, 20:2964990.001211312986.9042.74179
CZ 2F upper stage
2016-057B
41766
Re-entered - 2016 Sep 29
Life 14 days
Launched Tiangong 2.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2016 Sep 15, 19:4166650.013619537790.2442.76132


2016-061
CZ 2F
Jiuquan Space Centre
2016 Oct 16, 23:30
Shenzhou 11
2016-061A
41812
Re-entered - 2016 Nov 18
Life 33 days Returned to Earth
Carried Jing Haipeng (commander) and Chen Dong (engineer) to Tiangong 2. Docked Oct 18 at 19:24 UTC and the crew entered Tiangong at 22:32 UTC. Undocked 2016 Nov 17 at 04:41 UTC, after 29.4 days. Landed in the Siziwang Banner area of Inner Mongolia Nov 18 at 05:59 UTC.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2016 Oct 17, 11:5866570.012319736190.0942.79132
2016 Oct 17, 14:5867290.002333536691.5542.78141
2016 Oct 18, 12:1467490.000836637691.9742.79268
2016 Oct 18, 16:5067620.000837938992.2342.79278
2016 Nov 15, 17:5667560.000937238492.1142.78185
2016 Nov 17, 17:2667590.002536339892.1642.80356
CZ 2F upper stage
2016-061B
41813
Re-entered - 2016 Nov 4
Life 19 days
Launched Shenzhou 11.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2016 Oct 17, 14:4666570.012319736090.0942.79134


2017-021
CZ 7
Wenchang Space Centre
2017 Apr 20, 11:41
Tianzhou 1
2017-021A
42684
Re-entered - 2017 Sep 22
Life 155 days
Spacecraft to test propellant transfer to China's future large space station. Docked with Tiangong 2 (2016-057A/41765) 2017 Apr 22 at 04:16 UTC with latches engaged at 04:23 UTC. Completed a propellant transfer Apr 27 at 11:07 UTC and completed a second one Jun 15 at 10:28 UTC. Each operation took five days. Undocked 2017 Jun 19 and conducted a fly-around of Tiangong 2. Docked a second time with Tiangong 2 on Jun 19 at about 06:48 UTC with latches angaged at 06:55 UTC. Undocked Jun 21 at 09:47 UTC. Docked with Tiangong 2 for a third time 2017 Sep 12 at about 15:50 UTC after an approach to simulate a short duration launch-docking mission, similar to Soyuz. Latches were engaged at 15:58 UTC. Completed a three-day propellant transfer test Sep 16 at 12:17 UTC. Undocked Sep 17 at 08:15 UTC. Retro-fire Sep 22 at around 12:00 UTC led to destructive re-entry about 45 mins later with any surviving fragments hitting the southern Pacific Ocean.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2017 Apr 20, 20:4267180.004431136991.3342.79181
2017 Apr 21, 17:5467510.000836737892.0042.78276
2017 Apr 22, 16:5367630.000738039092.2542.79289
2017 Jun 14, 14:3367620.001137739192.2342.78314
2017 Jun 19, 13:0267640.001037939392.2842.782
2017 Jun 21, 13:5767730.000339339792.4542.78274
2017 Sep 11, 06:2867710.000039339392.4142.78104
2017 Sep 12, 06:5066950.018619344190.8642.25230
2017 Sep 13, 07:2667690.000239039392.3842.78167
Silu 1 (Silk Road 1)
2017-021F
42903
Re-entered - 2019 Apr 11
Life 721 days
3U Cubesat carrying development versions of sensors to be used in a future Earth observation constellation. Released from Tianzhou 1 2017 Aug 1, possibly as a test of a cubesat deployment mechanism for use on a space station.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2017 Aug 02, 21:3567690.000738739592.3742.79226
CZ 7 upper stage
2017-021B
42685
Re-entered - 2017 May 18
Life 28 days
Launched Tianzhou 1.

epoch (UTC)         
s-m axis
( km )
ecc    perigee
( km )
apogee
( km )
period
( min )
incl 
( ° )
ω  
( ° )
2017 Apr 20, 18:4066630.013119837290.2142.78172




Page date: 2011 Nov 21
Listings updated as necessary

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